Yıl 2012, Cilt 11, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 641 - 658 2012-12-01

Çevre Vergisi-Ekonomik Büyüme İkilemi
Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma

Selahattin Bekmez [1] , Ferda Nakıpoğlu [2]

256 708

Artan iktisadi faaliyetlerin, üretim artışı ve ekonomik büyüme gibi olumlu etkilerinin yanı sıra kaynakların aşırı ve verimsiz kullanımı sonucu çevresel kirlilik oluşturması gibi olumsuz etkileri de söz konusudur. Çevre kirliliği sonucu ortaya çıkan dışsallıkları ortadan kaldırmak amacıyla çevresel vergiler uygulanmaktadır. Ancak bazen uygulanan çevresel vergilerin farklı sonuçları ortaya çıkmaktadır. Bazı ekonomilerde büyümeyi yavaşlatırken; bazı ekonomilerde çevre dostu teknolojilerin kullanılmasını teşvik ederek kaynakların etkin kullanılmasına yol açmakta ve ekonomik büyümeye olumlu etki yapmaktadır. Çalışmada CO2 emisyonu, kişi başına milli gelir ve çevresel vergiler arasındaki ilişki analiz edilmiştir. Veriler Dünya Bankası ve OECD’den alınmıştır. Belirtilen değişkenler kullanılarak, modelde uzun dönemli ilişkiyi analiz etmek amacıyla Eşbütünleşme testi yapılmış; analizin diğer aşamasında ise Vektör Otoregresiv Model (VAR) uygulanmıştır. Bulgular uzun dönemde değişkenler arasında ilişkinin var olduğunu göstermektedir
Increased economic activities may have both negative and positive effects on environment. For instance, increased in production and economic growth may cause high living standards. On the other hand, it may also cause environmental pollution due to excessive and inefficient use of resources. Environmental taxes are applied in order to eliminate externalities resulting from environmental pollution. However the effects of environmental taxes applied may differ. They lead to efficient use of resources by promoting environmental friendly technologies and create a positive impact on economic growth in some economies, while they slow down growth rate in other economies. In this study, the relationship between CO2 emission, national income per capita and environmental taxes has been analyzed. The data have been collected from the World Bank and the OECD. By using mentioned variables, Cointegration Test has been used in order to analyze long term relationship between the series. Then, Vector Autoregressive Model (VAR) has been applied in the second stage of the analysis. The findings indicate that there is a long-run relationship between variables
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Konular
Diğer ID JA33BF43JR
Dergi Bölümü Makale
Yazarlar

Yazar: Selahattin Bekmez
Kurum: ?

Yazar: Ferda Nakıpoğlu
Kurum: ?

Bibtex @ { jss256952, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep Üniversitesi}, year = {2012}, volume = {11}, pages = {641 - 658}, doi = {}, title = {Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma}, key = {cite}, author = {Bekmez, Selahattin and Nakıpoğlu, Ferda} }
APA Bekmez, S , Nakıpoğlu, F . (2012). Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 11 (3), 641-658. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/24238/256952
MLA Bekmez, S , Nakıpoğlu, F . "Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 11 (2012): 641-658 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/24238/256952>
Chicago Bekmez, S , Nakıpoğlu, F . "Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 11 (2012): 641-658
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma AU - Selahattin Bekmez , Ferda Nakıpoğlu Y1 - 2012 PY - 2012 N1 - DO - T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 641 EP - 658 VL - 11 IS - 3 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma %A Selahattin Bekmez , Ferda Nakıpoğlu %T Environmental Tax and Economic Growth Dilemma %D 2012 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 11 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Bekmez, Selahattin , Nakıpoğlu, Ferda . "Çevre Vergisi-Ekonomik Büyüme İkilemi". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 11 / 3 (Aralık 2012): 641-658.