Yıl 2017, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 594 - 610 2017-07-31

Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population
Tepecik-Çiftlik Topluluğunun Neolitik Dönem Tabakaları Arasında Beslenme Değişimleri

Kameray Özdemir [1] , Ali Akın Akyol [2] , Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya [3]

367 321

As an important mineral source for the entire organism, bone serves as a useful bioarchive for monitoring past human lifeways like diet, since the concentration of the elements in its structure is influenced by the individual diet. Bones from three different Neolithic Levels (Level 5, 4, and 3) dated to 6800 and 6100 cal. BC according to the C14 found in Tepecik–Çiftlik, Central Anatolia, were elementally (Ca, P, Mg, Mn, Sr, Zn, Cu, and Pb) investigated by the help of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry. The element content of bones refers to post-mortem alteration (diagenesis), especially for manganese and lead. Bivariate treatment of the element with calcium (element/calcium ratio) seems to demonstrate some differences between adult and subadult, male and female, and among levels. Multivariate analysis (PCA and DA) suggest a shift from meat consumption and rich economy in the lower levels to more vegetable (cereal) consumption and poor economy in the upper level. The results obtained from multivariate treatments are in agreement with the findings of archaeologists and anthropologists who conducted the excavations. 

Organizma için önemli bir mineral kaynağı olan kemiğin yapısında yer alan elementlerin derişimi beslenmeden etkilenebildiğinden, kemik diyet gibi geçmiş insan yaşam biçimlerini izlemek için yararlı bir biyolojik arşiv görevi görür. Orta Anadolu Bölgesinde yer alan Tepecik-Çiftliğin C14 tarihlemesine göre yaklaşık 6800-6100 yılları arasına tarihlenen üç farklı Neolitik Tabakasından (Seviye 5, 4 ve 3) elde edilen kemiklerin element (Ca, P, Mg, Mn, Sr, Zn, Cu ve Pb) içeriği X-ışını fluoresans (XRF) spektrometrisi yardımıyla incelenmiştir.  Kemiklerin element içeriği mangan ve kurşun başta olmak üzere gömü sonrası değişime işaret etmektedir. Elementlerin kalsiyum ile (element/kalsiyum oranı) bivaret analizi yetişkin ile yetişkin yaş altı, kadın ile erkek bireyler ve tabakalar arasında farklılıklar olduğunu göstermiştir. Çok değişkenli analizler (PCA ve DA) alt katmanlarda et tüketiminden ve zengin ekonomiden üst tabakada daha fazla bitki (örneğin tahıl) tüketimine ve fakir ekonomiye geçiş olduğunu göstermektedir. Çok değişkenli incelemelerden elde edilen sonuçlar, kazıları gerçekleştiren arkeologların ve antropologların bulguları ile uyumludur.

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Konular Antropoloji
Dergi Bölümü Arkeoloji
Yazarlar

Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0001-7324-0265
Yazar: Kameray Özdemir
Kurum: Hacettepe University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0002-4174-575X
Yazar: Ali Akın Akyol
Kurum: Gazi University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: Orcid ID : 0000-0002-7551-8440
Yazar: Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya
Kurum: Hacettepe University
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jss312067, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {16}, pages = {594 - 610}, doi = {10.21547/jss.312067}, title = {Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population}, key = {cite}, author = {Özdemir, Kameray and Akyol, Ali Akın and Büyükkarakaya, Ali Metin} }
APA Özdemir, K , Akyol, A , Büyükkarakaya, A . (2017). Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 16 (3), 594-610. DOI: 10.21547/jss.312067
MLA Özdemir, K , Akyol, A , Büyükkarakaya, A . "Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 16 (2017): 594-610 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/30739/312067>
Chicago Özdemir, K , Akyol, A , Büyükkarakaya, A . "Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 16 (2017): 594-610
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population AU - Kameray Özdemir , Ali Akın Akyol , Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.312067 DO - 10.21547/jss.312067 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 594 EP - 610 VL - 16 IS - 3 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.312067 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.312067 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population %A Kameray Özdemir , Ali Akın Akyol , Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya %T Dietary Changes across the Neolithic Levels of the Tepecik-Çiftlik Population %D 2017 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 16 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.312067 %U 10.21547/jss.312067
ISNAD Özdemir, Kameray , Akyol, Ali Akın , Büyükkarakaya, Ali Metin . "Tepecik-Çiftlik Topluluğunun Neolitik Dönem Tabakaları Arasında Beslenme Değişimleri". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 16 / 3 (Temmuz 2017): 594-610. http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.312067


(ANARSAN) FARKLI KEMİKLER FARKLI ELEMENT BİRİKİMLERİ: NEOLİTİK DÖNEM TEPECİK-ÇİFTLİK İNSAN KEMİKLERİNDE GÖMÜ SONRASI ELEMENT BİRİKİMLERİ
Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi
Ebru Emre Sevdin
DOI: 10.17218/hititsosbil.459832