Yıl 2018, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 1298 - 1310 2018-09-27

Dünya Sistemi Teorisini Tarihselleştirmek: Karayipler’de Şeker ve Chiapas’ta Kahve Üretimi
Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas

Özgür BALKILIÇ [1]

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Dünya sistemi teorisi 1960’lı ve 1970’li yıllarda gelişmemiş, gelişmekte olan ve gelişmiş ülkeler arasındaki iktisadi, siyasi ve kültürel ilişkileri açıklamak için geliştirildi. Teorinin temel varsayımı dünya ölçeğinde 16. yüzyıldan günümüze değin meydana gelen iktisadi ve siyasi gelişmelerin bu coğrafyalar arasında eşitsiz ve bağımlı ilişkilere yol açtığıydı. Sonuç olarak, gelişmiş ülkelerde gelişkin bir ekonomi ve köklü demokratik-siyasi kurumlar ortaya çıkarken, doğal kaynaklarına ve iktisadi varlıklarına gelişkin ülkeler tarafından el konulan gelişmemiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde geri bir ekonomi ve istikrarsız bir siyasi sistem meydana gelmektedir. Ancak, araştırmacılar dünya sistemi teorisinin ciddi eksikleri olduğunu belirtmekten de geri durmadılar. Bu teorinin en ciddi eksiklikleri yerel tarihsel süreçleri dikkate almaması ve bu noktayla ilintili olarak da alt sınıfları tarihsel dönüşümlerin basit nesneleri durumuna indirgemesiydi. Bu eksikliği gidermek için araştırmacılar kapitalizmin Avrupa dışındaki coğrafyalarda yayılışını açıklarken meta zincirlerinin yerel dinamiklerine ve yerelliklerdeki emek süreçlerine eğildiler. Bu makalede, 16. yüzyıldan itibaren dünya ticaretinin en önemli metalarından ikisi olan şeker ve kahve üretiminin yerel dinamikleri hesaba katmadan anlaşılamayacağı vurgulanıyor ve özellikle potansiyel üreticiyi toprağa ve üretime bağlamak için uygulanan emek stratejilerinin yerel boyutlarının kahve ve şeker üretimini belirleyen faktörlerden biri olduğu iddia ediliyor. Bu anlamda, makale 16. ve 17. yüzyılda Karayipler’de şeker ve 19. yüzyılda Meksika-Chiapas’da kahve üretiminde emek stratejileri üzerine odaklanıyor.

The world system theory has been developed during the 1960s and 1970s in order to explain the relationship between developed, developing and underdeveloped countries. The main assumption of this theory is that economic and political dynamics in the world have progressed from the late 16th century towards contemporary ages to meet the necessities of the core capitalist countries and resulted in unequal and dependent relations. Consequently, while an advanced economy and democratic political institutions emerged in the developed countries, the developing and underdeveloped countries whose natural resources and economic assets are being exploited by the core countries are subjected to a backward economy and politically instable systems. However, the world system theory has not gone unchallenged; on the contrary, a considerable amount of social scientists accused it of being overwhelmingly functionalist. According to them, this theory can be misleading especially when it ignores the local dynamics that have not been necessarily shaped by the necessities of the core countries. Following this criticisms, this paper will argue that the world system theory should be revised by incorporating local factors in developing and underdeveloped countries as well as those existed in the developed countries in an effort to develop a more comprehensive approach. In doing so, the article will analyze the development of labor processes in sugar and coffee production in Caribbean and Chiapas, respectively.

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Yazar: Özgür BALKILIÇ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ABDULLAH GÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jss380759, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {17}, pages = {1298 - 1310}, doi = {10.21547/jss.380759}, title = {Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas}, key = {cite}, author = {BALKILIÇ, Özgür} }
APA BALKILIÇ, Ö . (2018). Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 17 (4), 1298-1310. DOI: 10.21547/jss.380759
MLA BALKILIÇ, Ö . "Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 17 (2018): 1298-1310 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/39349/380759>
Chicago BALKILIÇ, Ö . "Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 17 (2018): 1298-1310
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas AU - Özgür BALKILIÇ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.380759 DO - 10.21547/jss.380759 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1298 EP - 1310 VL - 17 IS - 4 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.380759 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.380759 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas %A Özgür BALKILIÇ %T Historicisizing World System Theory: Labor, Sugar, And Coffee In Caribbean And In Chiapas %D 2018 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 17 %N 4 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.380759 %U 10.21547/jss.380759
ISNAD BALKILIÇ, Özgür . "Dünya Sistemi Teorisini Tarihselleştirmek: Karayipler’de Şeker ve Chiapas’ta Kahve Üretimi". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 17 / 4 (Eylül 2018): 1298-1310. http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.380759