Yıl 2018, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 1491 - 1506 2018-09-27

Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance
Paydaşların Önceliği Teorisinin Aile İşletmelerinin Performansına Etkisi

Mehmet Akif ÇİNİ [1] , Hasan Kürşat GÜLEŞ [2] , Mustafa Atilla ARICIOĞLU [3]

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Having started to develop since the second half of twentieth century, Family businesses make up approximately %50 in the world, %90 in Turkey of all businesses. For that reason, presenting a good economic performance and ensuring sustainability of Family businesses plays a critical role for the whole world economies. Yet, the rate of taking-over the business from the founder of these businesses to the next generation gradually decreases. When the literature review, a lot of important reasons appears to be about this situation, like having more system compared to normal businesses. In the study, how the systems of Family businesses (family, business and management) effects the performance of the business through Stakeholders Salience Model (power, legitimacy and urgency) and which system will improve this performance best, is researched. Studying how the impact, salience and stakes of each system will affect economic performance of the business separately would fill that gap in the literature. In this research, in 12 provinces which consist of %71 of Family businesses in Turkey (İstanbul, Ankara, Bursa, İzmir, Konya, Gaziantep, Denizli, Kocaeli, Adana, Tekirdağ, Kayseri and Mersin), data from 308 businesses that are large-sized in terms of the number of workers they employ, are analyzed with Structural Equation Model. 

Yirminci yüzyılın ikinci yarısından itibaren gelişmeye başlayan aile işletmeleri, tüm şirketlerinin Dünya’da ortalama % 50’sini, Türkiye’de ise ortalama 95’ini oluşturmaktadır. Bu sebeple, aile işletmelerinin iyi bir ekonomik performans sergilemesi ve sürdürülebilirliğinin sağlanması tüm dünya ekonomileri için kritik bir rol oynamaktadır. Ancak, bu işletmelerin kurucusundan itibaren gelecek nesillere devredilme oranları gittikçe düşmektedir. Literatür incelendiğinde, aile işletmelerinin diğer işletmelere göre daha fazla sistem sahip olduğu gibi konuyla ilgili birçok neden olduğu görülmektedir. Çalışmada, aile işletmeleri sistemlerinin (aile, işletme ve yönetim), Paydaşların Önceliği Modeli (güç, meşruiyet ve öncelik) aracılığıyla işletmenin performansını nasıl etkilediği ve hangi sistemin bu performansı eniyileyeceği araştırılmıştır. Her bir sistemin etkisinin, önceliğinin ve çıkarlarının işletmenin ekonomik performansını nasıl etkilediğinin ayrı ayrı araştırılması, literatürdeki bu boşluğu dolduracaktır. Araştırma, Türkiye’de bulunan aile işletmelerinin %71’ini kapsayan 12 ilde (İstanbul, Ankara, Bursa, İzmir, Konya, Gaziantep, Denizli, Kocaeli, Adana, Tekirdağ, Kayseri ve Mersin), çalıştırdığı işçi sayısı açısından büyük ölçekli 308 işletme üzerinde gerçekleştirilmiş ve elde edilen veriler, Yapısal Eşitlik Modeli aracılığıyla analiz edilmiştir.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular İşletme
Dergi Bölümü İşletme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7619-978X
Yazar: Mehmet Akif ÇİNİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, CİHANBEYLİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Hasan Kürşat GÜLEŞ
Kurum: KONYA GIDA VE TARIM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SOSYAL VE BEŞERİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ

Yazar: Mustafa Atilla ARICIOĞLU
Kurum: NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SOSYAL VE BEŞERİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jss429086, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {17}, pages = {1491 - 1506}, doi = {10.21547/jss.429086}, title = {Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance}, key = {cite}, author = {ARICIOĞLU, Mustafa Atilla and ÇİNİ, Mehmet Akif and GÜLEŞ, Hasan Kürşat} }
APA ÇİNİ, M , GÜLEŞ, H , ARICIOĞLU, M . (2018). Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 17 (4), 1491-1506. DOI: 10.21547/jss.429086
MLA ÇİNİ, M , GÜLEŞ, H , ARICIOĞLU, M . "Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 17 (2018): 1491-1506 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/39349/429086>
Chicago ÇİNİ, M , GÜLEŞ, H , ARICIOĞLU, M . "Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 17 (2018): 1491-1506
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance AU - Mehmet Akif ÇİNİ , Hasan Kürşat GÜLEŞ , Mustafa Atilla ARICIOĞLU Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.429086 DO - 10.21547/jss.429086 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1491 EP - 1506 VL - 17 IS - 4 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.429086 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.429086 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance %A Mehmet Akif ÇİNİ , Hasan Kürşat GÜLEŞ , Mustafa Atilla ARICIOĞLU %T Effect of the Stakeholder Salience Theory on Family Businesses Performance %D 2018 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 17 %N 4 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.429086 %U 10.21547/jss.429086
ISNAD ÇİNİ, Mehmet Akif , GÜLEŞ, Hasan Kürşat , ARICIOĞLU, Mustafa Atilla . "Paydaşların Önceliği Teorisinin Aile İşletmelerinin Performansına Etkisi". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 17 / 4 (Eylül 2018): 1491-1506. http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.429086