Yıl 2019, Cilt 18, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 39 - 49 2019-01-22

Transhümanizm ve Tekillik: Çağdaş Eserlerde Radikal Bir Perspektifin Karşılaştırmalı Analizi
Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works

Timuçin Buğra Edman [1]

2 103

21. yüzyılın yeni bir edebi eğilimi, insanların hem geçmişini hem de geleceğini içine alan belirli bir düzeye ulaştı. Biz buna “transhümanizm” eğilimi diyoruz ve transhümanizm, insanın varlığını, tekillik ve ölümsüzlük fikirlerini birleştirmek için bilim ve teknolojiyi edebiyatın fantastik unsurlarının filtrelenmesi yoluyla birleştirmeye gayret eder. Üç çağdaş romanın seçimi, yani Cesur Yeni Dünya, Androidler Eletrikli Koyun Düşler Mi?, ve Transhümanist Bahis, transhümanizmin başlatılan hareketine literatürde bir bütünleştirme getiriyor. Bu nedenle, bu makalenin ilk amacı, seçilmiş çağdaş eserlerde, transhümanizmin temel mantığının nasıl oluştuğunu ortaya koymaktır. Bu yüzden, yeni bir yaklaşım olduğu için, transhümanizmin farklı algılarının açıklanmasından sonra, eserlere transhümanist bir analiz uygulanacaktır. Bu metnin ikincil bir amacı, 21. yüzyıldaki tekillik ve ölümsüzlük fikrinin bedelinin ödenerek bu ebedi arzunun yolculuğunu sergilemektir.  Bu özlemin eski çağlardan başlayarak kendi başına devam etmesi şaşırtıcı bir şey değildir, ancak bu arzunun kendini bilim ve edebiyat aracılığıyla sürdürdüğü ve tezahür ettiği şeylerden bahsetmek ise kayda değerdir.

A new literary tendency of the 21st century has reached a certain level where it encapsulates both the past and future of humans. We call this tendency ‘transhumanism’, and it endeavors to combine science and technology through the filtration of fantastic elements of literature to amalgamate the entity of man and the ideas of singularity and immortality. The choice of three contemporary novels, namely Brave New World, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and The Transhumanist Wager brings a consolidation towards the initiated movement of transhumanism in literature. Therefore, in principal, the first aim of this article is to present how the basic logic of transhumanism embodied in the selected contemporary works. For this reason, a transhumanist analysis of works will be applied on them after an explanation of the different perceptions of transhumanism since it is a fresh approach. A secondary objective of this text is to redeem the idea of singularity and immortality in the 21st century to demonstrate the journey of this ever-lasting desire. The continuation of this longing from ancient times to our own is not something astonishing, but the way this desire maintains and manifests itself through science and literature is worth mentioning.


  • Bostrom, N. (2016). Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Dick, P. K. (2008). Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?: The inspiration for the films Blade Runner and Blade Runner 2049 (Kindle Edition ed.) [Kindle Version].
  • Griffin, A. (2015, October 09). Artificial intelligence is going to get so good that machines will kill us by accident, Stephen Hawking says. Retrieved from https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/stephen-hawking-artificial-intelligence-could-wipe-out-humanity-when-it-gets-too-clever-as-humans-a6686496.html
  • Huxley, A. (1978). Brave New World. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Istvan, Z. (2013). The Transhumanist Wager (Kindle ed.) [Futurity Imagine Media LLC].
  • Kurzweil, R. (2005). The Singularity İs Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. New York: Viking.
  • Kurzweil, R. (2013). How To Create A Mind The Secret Of Human Thought Revealed. New York: Penguin.
  • Kropotkin, P. (2003). Anarchism. New York: Dover Publications.
  • Lewis, T. (2013, June 17). The Singularity Is Near: Mind Uploading by 2045? Retrieved from https://www.livescience.com/37499-immortality-by-2045-conference.html
  • Livingstone, D. (2015). Transhumanism: The History Of A Dangerous Idea. S.l.: Sabilillah Publications.
  • Mind Uploading. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.minduploading.org/
  • Mumford, L. (2010). Technics and Civilization (University of Chicago Edition ed.). USA: The University of Chocago Press.
  • O’Connell, M. (2018). To be a machine: Adventures Among Cyborgs, Utopians, Hackers, And The Futurists Solving The Modest Problem Of Death. New York: Anchor Books.
  • Schneider, S. (Ed.). (2009). Science fiction and philosophy from time travel to superintelligence. Malden (Mass.): Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Sirius, R. U., & Cornell, J. (2015). Transcendence: The Disinformation Encyclopedia Of Transhumanism And The Singularity. San Francisco (CA): Disinformation Books.
  • Sloat, S. (2017, February 15). One Fifth of Readers Experience This Auditory Hallucination After Reading Harry Potter. Retrieved from https://www.inverse.com/article/27820-character-inner-voices-hermione-experiential-crossingWhat is Virtual Reality? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.vrs.org.uk/virtual-reality/what-is-virtual-reality.html
Birincil Dil en
Konular Edebiyat
Dergi Bölümü İngiliz Edebiyatı
Yazarlar

Yazar: Timuçin Buğra Edman (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İstanbul Aydın Übiversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @sanat ve edebiyat { jss446662, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {18}, pages = {39 - 49}, doi = {10.21547/jss.446662}, title = {Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works}, key = {cite}, author = {Edman, Timuçin Buğra} }
APA Edman, T . (2019). Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 18 (1), 39-49. DOI: 10.21547/jss.446662
MLA Edman, T . "Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 39-49 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/42601/446662>
Chicago Edman, T . "Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 39-49
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works AU - Timuçin Buğra Edman Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.446662 DO - 10.21547/jss.446662 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 49 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.446662 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.446662 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works %A Timuçin Buğra Edman %T Transhumanism and Singularity: A Comparative Analysis of a Radical Perspective in Contemporary Works %D 2019 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 18 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.446662 %U 10.21547/jss.446662
ISNAD Edman, Timuçin Buğra . "Transhümanizm ve Tekillik: Çağdaş Eserlerde Radikal Bir Perspektifin Karşılaştırmalı Analizi". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 / 1 (Ocak 2019): 39-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.21547/jss.446662