Year 2019, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 709 - 723 2019-04-01

In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems
Karanlık Ormanda: Edward Bond Şiirlerinde “Deliliğimizin İşaretleri”ni Okumak

Şafak Altunsoy [1]

18 29

As an activist, a playwright and a poet, Edward Bond (1934-) avails himself of literature’s power for practical purposes in order to raise awareness of a chain structure which entraps and subjugates the individuals by transforming them into mere subjects. Bond’s focus on society and its arrangement by certain power structures in his poems reflects the current state of the social mechanisms that he is exposed to every day. In the Dark Forest, in this respect, is an epitome of Bond’s ideas consistently verbalized through various mediums of expression on the subjection process or ‘interpellation’ of individuals in Althusser’ words. As the title of the poetry collection implicates, Bond depicts different levels of tension in a bleak atmosphere created by corporeal and psychological variations of violence through his poems. This study tries to evaluate Althusser’s argument of ideology and the apparatuses through which ideology sustains its ascendancy over the subjects by analyzing Bond’s selected poems. The study also concentrates on the duality of in/visibility of the state apparatuses in the poems by means of multilayered imagery and metaphorical language employed by Bond. Since the poems merge the private realm into the public sphere, their political stance also denotes a personal yearning for unity and peace. Thus, the poems vacillate between optimism and pessimism, but in the end, a dark atmosphere prevails since the subjection process is inevitable and subject can only achieve his resistance or Althusserian ‘bad citizenship’ only through a consciousness which keeps him in the system but with the knowledge of how it operates.

Aktivist, oyun yazarı ve şair olarak Edward Bond (1934-), bireyi tebaaya dönüştürüp baskı altına alan bir silsile konusunda bilinç uyandırmak için edebiyatın pratik gücünden yararlanır. Şiirlerinde toplum ve bu toplumun belli güç yapıları tarafından düzenlenişine odaklanması her gün maruz kaldığı sosyal mekanizmaların güncel durumunu yansıtır. Bu bakımdan Karanlık Ormanda, tabiiyet süreci veya Althusser’in ifadesiyle ‘bireylerin çağırılması’ üzerine Bond’un çeşitli vesilelerle dillendirdiği fikirlerinin en güzel örneğidir. Çalışma, Althusser’in ideoloji tartışması ve ideolojinin çeşitli aygıtlar vasıtasıyla nasıl tabiiyet kurduğunu seçilen şiirler aracılığıyla değerlendirmeye çalışmaktadır. Çalışma ayrıca, Bond tarafından kullanılan mecazi bir dil ve çok katmanlı imgelem aracılığıyla bu devlet aygıtlarının görünürlük/ görünmezlik ikiliği üzerine yoğunlaşmaktadır. Şiirler kişisel olanla kamusal olanı birleştirdiğinden politik duruşları da bütünlük ve huzur’a bir kişisel özlemi göstermektedir. Böylece şiirler iyimserlik ve kötümserlik arasında gidip gelmektedir, fakat sonunda tabiiyet süreci kaçınılmaz olduğundan karamsar bir hava hâkimdir. Tebaa karşı duruşunu veya Althusserci ‘kötü vatandaş’lığını onu sistemin içinde tutan ancak nasıl çalıştığı bilgisini de ona sunan bir bilinçle başarmaktadır.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Literature
Journal Section English Literature
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5573-1121
Author: Şafak Altunsoy
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { jss428965, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep University}, year = {2019}, volume = {18}, pages = {709 - 723}, doi = {10.21547/jss.428965}, title = {In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems}, key = {cite}, author = {Altunsoy, Şafak} }
APA Altunsoy, Ş . (2019). In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 18 (2), 709-723. DOI: 10.21547/jss.428965
MLA Altunsoy, Ş . "In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 709-723 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/43931/428965>
Chicago Altunsoy, Ş . "In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 709-723
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems AU - Şafak Altunsoy Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.428965 DO - 10.21547/jss.428965 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 709 EP - 723 VL - 18 IS - 2 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.428965 UR - https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.428965 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems %A Şafak Altunsoy %T In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems %D 2019 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 18 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.428965 %U 10.21547/jss.428965
ISNAD Altunsoy, Şafak . "In the Dark Forest: An Althusserian Reading of Edward Bond’s Poems". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 / 2 (April 2019): 709-723. https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.428965