Year 2019, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 695 - 708 2019-04-01

Güliver’in Gezileri: Bir Yabancılaşma Örneği
Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation

Hamdi Ali Serdar [1]

19 40

İrlandalı yazar Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) tarafından yazılan, ve ilk olarak 1726 yılında neşredilen Güliver’in Gezileri kabaca Kaptan Güliver’in 1699 yılından 1715 yılına uzanan 16 yıllık bir zaman diliminde gerçekleştirdiği bir çok seyahatin kişisel bir anlatısı olarak özetlenebilir. Roman Güliver’in cüceler ülkesi olarak da bilinen Lilliput’a olan ilk seyahati ile başlar, önce devler ülkesi olarak da adlandırılan Brobdingnag ve sonrasında Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnag ve Glubbdubrib ve Japonya’ya olan seyahatleriyle devam eder, ve nihayetinde Houyhnhnmlerin (Tekboynuzlar) ülkesine yaptığı son seyahat sırasında ve sonrasında edindiği tecrübelerini anlatan bölümle sona erer. Güliver’in ziyaret ettiği her ülkenin yerleşik halklarına olan yabancılığı, ait olmayı arzu ettiği Houyhnhnmlerin ülkesine yaptığı ziyarete kadar değişmez. Bu çalışma özellikle bir bütün olarak ele alındığında Houyhnhnmlerin arasında geçirdiği süre zarfınca Güliver’in edindiği tecrübelerinin kendisi adına bir tür yabancılaşmaya evirildiğini öne sürerek Güliver’in neden kendisini Houyhnhnmlerin bir parçası olarak görmeye başladığını açıklamayı amaçlamaktadır. Özellikle romanın son sayfaları Güliver’i genel anlamda insan ırkına, bilhassa İngiliz toplumuna, ailesine ve hatta kendisine karşı bir yabancılaşma durumu olarak ifade edilebilecek bir tür delirme hali içerisinde resmetmektedir. Güliver’in Houyhnhnmlerin arasındaki varlığı bir insan olarak kendisiyle olan ontolojik münasebetinin beklenmedik bir değişime uğramasına sebep olmuş, ve sonuç olarak kendisi insani benliğinden ayrılmıştır. Bu durumun en net ve kolay gözlemlenebildiği yerler romanın neşriyatından sonra dahi okurun Güliver’i kendisi dahil tüm insanları Yahoo olarak adlandırırken görebildiği yerlerdir.


Written by the Irish author Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), and first published in 1726, Gulliver’s Travels can be roughly summed up as a personal narrative of several voyages that Capt. Lemuel Gulliver goes on within a time span of 16 years, extending from 1699 to 1715. The novel begins with Gulliver’s own narrative of his first voyage to Lilliput (the country of dwarfs), continues with his next voyages to Brobdingnag (the country of giants) first and subsequently to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan, and finally closes with an account of his experiences which he had during as well as following his last voyage to the country of the Houyhnhnms. Gulliver’s status as a stranger to the inhabitants of each country he visits remains unchanged till his voyage to the country of Houyhnhnms where he begins to feel he should belong. This study is particularly aimed at explaining why Gulliver begins to feel he is now part of the Houyhnhnms by arguing that considered as a whole, his experiences among the Houyhnhnms work progressively towards and eventually culminate in forming what can be called a particular case of estrangement, or alienation, on his part. Especially the final pages of the novel depict Gulliver in a state of quasi-delirium which can best be phrased as a case of estrangement from the human race in general, and from the English society, his family and even himself in particular. The presence of the human Gulliver among the Houyhnhnms causes his ontological relation with himself as a human being to undergo an unexpected transformation, and consequently he splits from his human self—something which can most clearly and easily be spotted in instances where the reader finds him referring to human beings, including himself, as Yahoos, even after the publication of the novel.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Literature
Journal Section English Literature
Authors

Author: Hamdi Ali Serdar (Primary Author)
Institution: FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { jss464911, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep University}, year = {2019}, volume = {18}, pages = {695 - 708}, doi = {10.21547/jss.464911}, title = {Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation}, key = {cite}, author = {Serdar, Hamdi Ali} }
APA Serdar, H . (2019). Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 18 (2), 695-708. DOI: 10.21547/jss.464911
MLA Serdar, H . "Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 695-708 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/43931/464911>
Chicago Serdar, H . "Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 695-708
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation AU - Hamdi Ali Serdar Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.464911 DO - 10.21547/jss.464911 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 695 EP - 708 VL - 18 IS - 2 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.464911 UR - https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.464911 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation %A Hamdi Ali Serdar %T Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation %D 2019 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 18 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.464911 %U 10.21547/jss.464911
ISNAD Serdar, Hamdi Ali . "Gulliver’s Travels: An Example of Alienation". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 / 2 (April 2019): 695-708. https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.464911