Year 2019, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 805 - 823 2019-04-01

Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı
The Methodical Viability of Cultural Criminology in Turkey

Boran Ali Mercan [1]

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Sosyo-ekonomik suçlu profilleme dolayımıyla önleyici ve etkin bir ceza-güvenlik aygıtı oluşturma kaygısı güden Türkiye suç çalışmaları idari bir kriminoloji (administrative criminology) görünümü sergilemektedir. Suç fenomeninin oluşum koşullarını anlama ve açıklama gayretini epey mesafeleyen idari kriminoloji, suç olgusunu istatistiksel hesaplamaya ve rasyonel bir bakış açısıyla ceza ve denetim tekniklerine indirgemektedir. Bu yazı, Türkiye'de suçun akademik bağlamda sosyal kavranışına kültürel bir perspektif getirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Anglo-Amerikan literatürde kültürel kriminoloji (cultural criminology) yirmi yılı aşkın süredir telaffuz edilmekte; suçun sosyal bir inşa olduğu kavrayışının ötesine geçerek etnik, sınıfsal, ırksal ve cinsiyete dayalı yukarıdan aşağı ve aşağıdan yukarı sürekli müzakere edilen ve yeniden-kurulan bir görüngü olduğunu savlamaktadır. Bu bağlamda, Türkiye'de kültürel kriminolojinin anlık ve akışkan etnografi gibi iki aracının yöntemsel kullanışlılığı ileri sürülecektir. Türkiye'de suçun kültürel ve duygulanımsal tüm boyutlarını yakalamak adına kültürel kriminoloji önemli bir imkan olarak karşımızda durmaktadır.

Much of crime studies in Turkey tends to display an administrative criminological aspect due to the overwhelming concern of having an effective deterrent punitive-security apparatus, by way of socio-economic offender profiling. However, administrative criminology reduces the phenomenon of crime to a mere rational calculation and control techniques, distancing itself away from the understanding and explaining of crime as a social phenomenon. This article brings cultural criminology to the academic understanding of crime in Turkey. For more than two decades in the Anglo-American criminological literature, cultural criminology argues that crime is an upwardly and downwardly reconstituted and negotiated phenomenon based on race, gender and class, by going beyond the argument of crime as a mere social construction. This paper thus suggests the methodical usefulness of cultural criminology's instant and liquid ethnographies in Turkey. Cultural criminology stands available to grasp the cultural and affective dimensions of crime.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Sociology
Journal Section Sociology
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1125-7528
Author: Boran Ali Mercan (Primary Author)
Institution: Ankara Üniversitesi, Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @review { jss473871, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep University}, year = {2019}, volume = {18}, pages = {805 - 823}, doi = {10.21547/jss.473871}, title = {Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı}, key = {cite}, author = {Mercan, Boran Ali} }
APA Mercan, B . (2019). Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 18 (2), 805-823. DOI: 10.21547/jss.473871
MLA Mercan, B . "Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 805-823 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jss/issue/43931/473871>
Chicago Mercan, B . "Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 (2019): 805-823
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı AU - Boran Ali Mercan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.473871 DO - 10.21547/jss.473871 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 805 EP - 823 VL - 18 IS - 2 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.473871 UR - https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.473871 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı %A Boran Ali Mercan %T Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı %D 2019 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 18 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.473871 %U 10.21547/jss.473871
ISNAD Mercan, Boran Ali . "Türkiye'de Kültürel Kriminolojinin Yöntemsel İmkanı". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 18 / 2 (April 2019): 805-823. https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.473871