Yıl 2017, Cilt 15, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 698 - 717 2017-12-31

TARİHSEL BİR VAKA ÇALIŞMASI: 18. YÜZYIL ANATOMİSİNDE BİR GÖRSEL ALAN OLARAK İNSAN BEDENİ
A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY

Mesut Malik Yavuz [1]

110 133

Burada, içinde bir figürün görülmesi ile algılanması arasındaki sınır belirleniminin duyumsama ve algılama arasındaki sürekli filtreleme süreci olduğunu savunacağım bir tarihsel vaka çalışması sunmaya çalışacağım. Bu filtrelemenin, farklı paradigmalarda farklılık gösterip, farklı işlevlere sahip olması mümkün temel görsel ilkeler aracılığıyla işlediği iddiasında bulunacağım. Bu tarihsel vaka çalışması, Londralı ünlü cerrah William Cheselden’in insan iskeletine ait 66 şilte içeren etkili eserine odaklanarak bu nüshalardaki paradigma-temelli filtrelemeyi, duyu verilerinin figürü bütünlüğüyle gösterebilmek için en basit biçimde organize edildiğini savunarak ortaya koyacaktır. Burada kullanılan görsel ilkenin benzerlik, karşıtlık ve simetri kalıplarını içeren, basitlik olduğunu göstereceğim. Cheselden’in kullandığı görsel ilkelerin, onun gözlemlerinin Newton paradigması ile dolu olduğundan, insan bedenindeki ölçeklerin doğru sayısını ve doğru orantılarını aksettirerek mükemmelliğe erişmeye çalıştığı sonucuna varacağım. Nihayetinde, bu sonuçların Kelam’ın Tanrı ile Yaratılış arasındaki ilişkiyi açıklamayı amaç edinen nesnel bilişsel içeriğe sahip ilahiyat temelli bilimsel bir araştırma programı olarak ortaya konmasında ileride disiplinler arası bir çalışmaya imkan tanıyacağını vurguladım.

In this article, I will attempt to provide a historical case study, I suggest that the demarcation between perception and how a figure is ‘seen’ is the process of perpetual filtering between the levels of sensation and perception. I argue that this filtering operates through the basic visual principles, which may vary and have divergent functions in different paradigms. This historical case study will focus on the fifty-six plates featured in the influential work of the London surgeon William Cheselden, to reveal the paradigm-based filtering in these prints by arguing that the sense data is organized in the simplest manner to view figures in their unity. Thus, I will focus on the visual principle of simplicity, which features the patterns of similarity, contrast and symmetry. An analysis of Cheselden’s usage of these patterns will demonstrate that he aims to show that every bone in human body is united to one another, which forms an organizing structure. I will conclude that these visual principles were used by Chelselden to achieve perfection by conveying right proportions and the correct number of scales of human body since his observations was laden with Newtonian paradigm. Finally, I will compare this usage to that of Ibn Sina’s, to disclose the paradigm-ladenness of scientific observations. 

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Konular Din Bilimi
Dergi Bölümü MAKALELER
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mesut Malik Yavuz
Kurum: İSTANBUL MEDENİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kaderdergi353385, journal = {Kader}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2710}, address = {Mehmet BULĞEN}, year = {2017}, volume = {15}, pages = {698 - 717}, doi = {10.18317/kaderdergi.353385}, title = {A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY}, key = {cite}, author = {Yavuz, Mesut Malik} }
APA Yavuz, M . (2017). A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY. Kader, 15 (3), 698-717. DOI: 10.18317/kaderdergi.353385
MLA Yavuz, M . "A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY". Kader 15 (2017): 698-717 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/kaderdergi/issue/33180/353385>
Chicago Yavuz, M . "A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY". Kader 15 (2017): 698-717
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY AU - Mesut Malik Yavuz Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18317/kaderdergi.353385 DO - 10.18317/kaderdergi.353385 T2 - Kader JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 698 EP - 717 VL - 15 IS - 3 SN - -2602-2710 M3 - doi: 10.18317/kaderdergi.353385 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18317/kaderdergi.353385 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Kader A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY %A Mesut Malik Yavuz %T A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY %D 2017 %J Kader %P -2602-2710 %V 15 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18317/kaderdergi.353385 %U 10.18317/kaderdergi.353385
ISNAD Yavuz, Mesut Malik . "A HISTORICAL CASE STUDY: HUMAN BODY AS A VISUAL FIELD IN 18TH CENTURY ANATOMY". Kader 15 / 3 (Aralık 2017): 698-717. http://dx.doi.org/10.18317/kaderdergi.353385