Yıl 2018, Cilt 10, Sayı 19, Sayfalar 364 - 380 2018-11-26

WASHİNGTON UZLAŞISI’NDAN SONRA NEO-LİBERALİZM: DÜNYA BANKASI'NIN KALKINMA SÖYLEMLERİ BAĞLAMINDA BİR DEĞERLENDİRME
NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES

Betül SARI AKSAKAL [1]

16 20

Washington Uzlaşısı, Bretton Woods kurumları özellikle de Dünya Bankası tarafından 1970'lerin sonlarından itibaren gelişmekte olan ülkelerin ekonomik ve kalkınma politikaları gündemine konulan ve yaygınlaştırılan neoliberal iktisadi politikalar dizisini ifade etmektedir. Bununla birlikte, 1990'lı yılların sonlarına doğru, Washington Uzlaşısı’nın yerini, farklı ekonomilerdeki farklı kurumların zorunluluğunun altını çizen ve hükümetin pazar müdahalelerinin yararlı roller oynayabileceği koşulları vurgulayan Post Washington Uzlaşısı (PWC) aldı. Ancak PWC, gelir dağılımı, yoksulluk, kendi kendini sürdürecek büyüme ve yoksullara sosyal hizmet sunumu gibi konulara neoliberalizmin temel ilkeleri çerçevesinde dikkat çekmektedir. Bu makale, tarihsel perspektifi izleyerek PWC’nın ilkelerinin neoliberal boyutunu aydınlatmayı amaçlamaktadır. Makalenin sonunda, Dünya Bankası’nın PWC ile kalkınmanın sosyal boyutuyla ilgili söylemlerinin arttığı ve bu bağlamda politikalar uyguladığı gözlense de, tüm bu politikaların esas olarak neoliberal eksende şekillendirildiği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

The Washington Consensus implies sets of neoliberal economic policies spreaded frontmost by main Bretton Woods Institutions and especially by the World Bank that entered into the economic policy and development schedules of many developing countries since 1970s. However, towards the end of the 1990s, the Washington Consensus exchanged by a opposite to paradigm called the Post-Washington Consensus (PWC) which underlined the necessity for different institutions in different economies and identified circumstances in which government market interventions can play useful roles. Furthermore, PWC draws attention to issues such as distribution of income, poverty, sustainable growth and delivarence of social services to the poor people; but still under the rules of neoliberalism in order to relegitimize it within reality of its crisis. This article aims to elucidate the neoliberal dimension of PWC’s principles by tracing historical perspective.

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Orcid: 0000-0003-2668-364X
Yazar: Betül SARI AKSAKAL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kilisiibfakademik402397, journal = {Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD)}, issn = {1309-3762}, eissn = {2149-1585}, address = {Kilis 7 Aralık Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {10}, pages = {364 - 380}, doi = {10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397}, title = {NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES}, key = {cite}, author = {SARI AKSAKAL, Betül} }
APA SARI AKSAKAL, B . (2018). NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES. Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD), 10 (19), 364-380. DOI: 10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397
MLA SARI AKSAKAL, B . "NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES". Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD) 10 (2018): 364-380 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/kilisiibfakademik/issue/40595/402397>
Chicago SARI AKSAKAL, B . "NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES". Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD) 10 (2018): 364-380
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES AU - Betül SARI AKSAKAL Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397 DO - 10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397 T2 - Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 364 EP - 380 VL - 10 IS - 19 SN - 1309-3762-2149-1585 M3 - doi: 10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD) NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES %A Betül SARI AKSAKAL %T NEOLIBERALISM AFTER THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: AN EVALUATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD BANK’S DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSES %D 2018 %J Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD) %P 1309-3762-2149-1585 %V 10 %N 19 %R doi: 10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397 %U 10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397
ISNAD SARI AKSAKAL, Betül . "WASHİNGTON UZLAŞISI’NDAN SONRA NEO-LİBERALİZM: DÜNYA BANKASI'NIN KALKINMA SÖYLEMLERİ BAĞLAMINDA BİR DEĞERLENDİRME". Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi (AKAD) 10 / 19 (Kasım 2018): 364-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.402397