Year 2018, Volume 10, Issue 26, Pages 754 - 769 2018-12-30

A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON THE ROLE OF SOCIAL LEARNING IN CIGARETTE ADDICTION TO UNIVERSITY STUDENTS - LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894)
LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894)

Murat Kaçer [1]

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Today, the most prominent aspect of modern organizations, including the state, is that all kinds of employment are based on merit and competence. However, in the traditional societies, the rulers appointed the people they wanted among their relatives, close friends, and slaves. The bureaucracy examination system that implemented in the 6th century in China is an important exception in this tradition. The Gwageo examination system, which was conducted in Korea during the Koryo Dynasty in 958 and lasted for 936 years untill its abolition in 1894 under the influence of the examination system in China, is also a part of this exceptional tradition and the one of the first and early examples of merit-based bureaucracy. This study examines the bureaucracy exams in Korea called Gwageo. In Turkey, a study on this system by itself, is absent, considering the literature reviewed. In this way, this work aims to provide a contribution to East Asian, especially Korean, studies.

Günümüzde devlet dâhil modern örgütlerin en belirgin yönü her türlü istihdamın liyakat ve ehliyet ekseninde olmasıdır. Geleneksel toplumlarda ise irsiyet ve statü ekseninde hükümdarlar, kendi akrabaları, yakın arkadaşları ve kendine yakın tebaası arasından istediği kişileri görevlendirmiş, bu kişileri istediği zaman da görevden uzaklaştırmıştır. Çin’de 6. yüzyıldan itibaren uygulanan bürokrasi sınavları ise bu gelenekte önemli bir istisnadır. Kore’de Çin’deki sınav sisteminin etkisiyle 958 yılında Koryo Hanedanlığı döneminde uygulanan ve 1894 yılında kaldırılmasına kadar 936 yıl devam eden Gwageo sınav sistemi de bu istisnai geleneğin bir parçası ve liyakat eksenli bürokrasi modelinin ilk ve erken dönem örneklerinden birisidir. Bu çalışmada Kore’de uygulanan ve Gwageo denilen bürokrasi sınavları ele alınmıştır. Türkiye’de, bilindiği kadarıyla, bu sınav sistemini inceleyen herhangi bir çalışma bulunmamaktadır. Bu çalışmanın bu yönüyle özelde Kore, genel olarak Doğu Asya alanındaki çalışmalara bir katkı sağlaması hedeflenmektedir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6076-3403
Author: Murat Kaçer (Primary Author)
Institution: ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { makusobed413841, journal = {Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1309-1387}, eissn = {1309-1387}, address = {Mehmet Akif Ersoy University}, year = {2018}, volume = {10}, pages = {754 - 769}, doi = {10.20875/makusobed.413841}, title = {LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894)}, key = {cite}, author = {Kaçer, Murat} }
APA Kaçer, M . (2018). LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894). Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 10 (26), 754-769. DOI: 10.20875/makusobed.413841
MLA Kaçer, M . "LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894)". Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 10 (2018): 754-769 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/makusobed/issue/40501/413841>
Chicago Kaçer, M . "LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894)". Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 10 (2018): 754-769
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894) AU - Murat Kaçer Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.20875/makusobed.413841 DO - 10.20875/makusobed.413841 T2 - Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 754 EP - 769 VL - 10 IS - 26 SN - 1309-1387-1309-1387 M3 - doi: 10.20875/makusobed.413841 UR - https://doi.org/10.20875/makusobed.413841 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Social Sciences Institute LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894) %A Murat Kaçer %T LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894) %D 2018 %J Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1309-1387-1309-1387 %V 10 %N 26 %R doi: 10.20875/makusobed.413841 %U 10.20875/makusobed.413841
ISNAD Kaçer, Murat . "LİYAKAT TEMELLİ BÜROKRASİ: KORE KAMU SINAVLARI (GWAGEO) (958-1894) - THE MERIT-BASED BUREAUCRACY: THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION (GWAGEO) IN KOREA (958-1894)". Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 10 / 26 (December 2019): 754-769. https://doi.org/10.20875/makusobed.413841