Year 2018, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 51 - 59 2018-12-30

Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Gamaia Ali Mohamed [1] , Iman Daw Amhamed [2] , Ahmed Alhadi Almabrok [3] , Abobaker B. Ali Barka [4] , Soner Bilen [5] , Randa Tahir Elbeshti [6]

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In this study, the effect of a dietary supplementation of Apium graveolens on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and immune response of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were evaluated. C. carpio, with an average weight at the beginning of the experiment of 6.5 ± 0.07 g, were supplemented with a celery (Apium graveolens) aqueous methanolic extract at a dose of 0% (control), 0.1%, 0.5% or 1% over 45 days. Every 15 days, respiratory burst, lysozyme and myeloperoxidase activity were measured, and at the end of the study, haematological responses, growth performance and digestive enzyme activity were investigated. Respiratory burst and myeloperoxidase activity was significantly improved in all treated groups compared with the control group (P ˂ 0.05). Lysozyme activity was highest in the 0.1% and 1% extract groups. At the end of the study, the final weight (FW), weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) were significantly increased in the 0.1% group compared with the other groups. The feed concentration ratio was decreased in the 0.1% and 1% groups compared with the control (P < 0.05). Haematological parameters were affected by A. graveolens extract intake (P ˂ 0.05). The total white and red blood counts, haemoglobin content and haematocrit value were highest in the 0.1% extract group (P ˂ 0.05). However, the mean cell volume and mean cell haemoglobin concentration were decreased in the 0.5% group (P ˂ 0.05). Digestive enzyme activity (trypsin, amylase and lipase) in all experimental groups was significantly elevated compared with the control (P ˂ 0.05). These results indicated an immunostimulatory and growth-promoting effect and increasing digestive enzyme activity of C. carpio supplemented with an A. graveolens aqueous methanolic extract.

A. graveolens, Common carp, Growth, Haematology, Immune response, Digestive enzymes activity
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Primary Language en
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology
Journal Section Research Article

Orcid: 0000-0002-4842-0173
Author: Gamaia Ali Mohamed

Orcid: 0000-0001-9786-5569
Author: Iman Daw Amhamed

Orcid: 0000-0001-7256-5973
Author: Ahmed Alhadi Almabrok

Author: Abobaker B. Ali Barka

Orcid: 0000-0001-9459-8178
Author: Soner Bilen
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0003-4751-2989
Author: Randa Tahir Elbeshti (Primary Author)

Bibtex @research article { masteb457721, journal = {Marine Science and Technology Bulletin}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-9666}, address = {Adem Yavuz SÖNMEZ}, year = {2018}, volume = {7}, pages = {51 - 59}, doi = {10.33714/masteb.457721}, title = {Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)}, key = {cite}, author = {Ali Mohamed, Gamaia and Daw Amhamed, Iman and Alhadi Almabrok, Ahmed and B. Ali Barka, Abobaker and Bilen, Soner and Elbeshti, Randa Tahir} }
APA Ali Mohamed, G , Daw Amhamed, I , Alhadi Almabrok, A , B. Ali Barka, A , Bilen, S , Elbeshti, R . (2018). Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 7 (2), 51-59. DOI: 10.33714/masteb.457721
MLA Ali Mohamed, G , Daw Amhamed, I , Alhadi Almabrok, A , B. Ali Barka, A , Bilen, S , Elbeshti, R . "Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)". Marine Science and Technology Bulletin 7 (2018): 51-59 <>
Chicago Ali Mohamed, G , Daw Amhamed, I , Alhadi Almabrok, A , B. Ali Barka, A , Bilen, S , Elbeshti, R . "Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)". Marine Science and Technology Bulletin 7 (2018): 51-59
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) AU - Gamaia Ali Mohamed , Iman Daw Amhamed , Ahmed Alhadi Almabrok , Abobaker B. Ali Barka , Soner Bilen , Randa Tahir Elbeshti Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.33714/masteb.457721 DO - 10.33714/masteb.457721 T2 - Marine Science and Technology Bulletin JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 59 VL - 7 IS - 2 SN - -2147-9666 M3 - doi: 10.33714/masteb.457721 UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Marine Science and Technology Bulletin Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) %A Gamaia Ali Mohamed , Iman Daw Amhamed , Ahmed Alhadi Almabrok , Abobaker B. Ali Barka , Soner Bilen , Randa Tahir Elbeshti %T Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) %D 2018 %J Marine Science and Technology Bulletin %P -2147-9666 %V 7 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33714/masteb.457721 %U 10.33714/masteb.457721
ISNAD Ali Mohamed, Gamaia , Daw Amhamed, Iman , Alhadi Almabrok, Ahmed , B. Ali Barka, Abobaker , Bilen, Soner , Elbeshti, Randa Tahir . "Effect of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on the growth, haematology, immune response and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)". Marine Science and Technology Bulletin 7 / 2 (December 2019): 51-59.