Yıl 2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 9, Sayfalar 312 - 319 2018-09-30

Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic

Cetin Kilinc [1] , Ridvan Guckan [2] , Umut Safiye Say Coskun [3]

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Objective:  During antibiotic use some of the bacteria in our flora can be affected by the used antibiotic in subinhibitory concentrations in addition to pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study to investigate in-vitro effects of subinhibitory concentrations antibiotic on antibiotic susceptibility profile of P.aeruginosa which can be found in normal flora and be a pathogenic bacteria.

Material and Method:  The antibiotic effective concentrations decrease with distance from the antibiotic disc and growth-inhibition zone ends with the effect of the antibiotic falls to subinhibitory concentrations; and growth starts.We accepted this growth starting region as the area in which bacteria exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic are located and we developed a model. We separetely exposed the standard P.aeruginosa strain to eight different antibiotics (amikacin, gentamicin, imipenem, meropenem, ceftazidime, cefepime, ciprofloxacin, colistin) for seven days in subinhibitory concentrations. P. aeruginosa strain is susceptible to these antibiotics and we monitored susceptibility and minimal inhibitor concentration changes. Moreover, we also made these procedures in 20 different clinical P.aeruginosa isolates.

Results:  We observed that a resistance was developed in the standard P. aeruginosa strain starting second day of meropenem exposure, third day of ceftazidime exposure, fifth day of amikacin exposure and sixth day of gentamicin exposure. There was no resistance development after colistin, cefepime, ciprofloxacin, meropenem exposure but significant MIC value increases were detected. This resistance was not only against exposed antibiotic or antibiotic group but also against antibiotics in different antibiotic groups. 

Conclusion:  It was shown that especially subinhibitory concentrations using carbapenem and aminoglycoside antibiotics triggered resistance development against themselves more than other antibiotic groups. Use of colistin was not shown to cause cross resistance.


Subinhibitory concentrations, P. aeruginosa, antibiotic susceptibility, MIC value changes
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Cetin Kilinc
Kurum: Kastamonu State Hospital, Microbiology Laboratory Kastamonu
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Ridvan Guckan
Kurum: Amasya University Training and Researh Hospital, Department of Medical Microbiology Amasya
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Umut Safiye Say Coskun (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology Tokat
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { msd452046, journal = {Medical Science and Discovery}, issn = {2148-6832}, eissn = {2148-6832}, address = {Zafer AKAN}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {312 - 319}, doi = {10.17546/msd.452046}, title = {Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic}, key = {cite}, author = {Say Coskun, Umut Safiye and Guckan, Ridvan and Kilinc, Cetin} }
APA Kilinc, C , Guckan, R , Say Coskun, U . (2018). Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic. Medical Science and Discovery, 5 (9), 312-319. DOI: 10.17546/msd.452046
MLA Kilinc, C , Guckan, R , Say Coskun, U . "Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic". Medical Science and Discovery 5 (2018): 312-319 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/msd/issue/38098/452046>
Chicago Kilinc, C , Guckan, R , Say Coskun, U . "Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic". Medical Science and Discovery 5 (2018): 312-319
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic AU - Cetin Kilinc , Ridvan Guckan , Umut Safiye Say Coskun Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17546/msd.452046 DO - 10.17546/msd.452046 T2 - Medical Science and Discovery JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 312 EP - 319 VL - 5 IS - 9 SN - 2148-6832-2148-6832 M3 - doi: 10.17546/msd.452046 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17546/msd.452046 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Medical Science and Discovery Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic %A Cetin Kilinc , Ridvan Guckan , Umut Safiye Say Coskun %T Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic %D 2018 %J Medical Science and Discovery %P 2148-6832-2148-6832 %V 5 %N 9 %R doi: 10.17546/msd.452046 %U 10.17546/msd.452046
ISNAD Kilinc, Cetin , Guckan, Ridvan , Say Coskun, Umut Safiye . "Investigation of antibiotic susceptibility profile and minimal inhibitor concentration changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates that exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotic". Medical Science and Discovery 5 / 9 (Eylül 2018): 312-319. http://dx.doi.org/10.17546/msd.452046