Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi
Investigating the Human Capital within the Scope of Global Container Lines: A Content Analysis

Ramazan Özkan YILDIZ [1] , İlke Sezin AYAZ [2] , Esra BARAN [3]

80 90

Bu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası konteyner endüstrisi kapsamında insan sermayesi göstergelerini incelemektir. Çalışmanın amacına ulaşmak için bir içerik analizi uygulanmıştır. Çalışmanın örneklemi, yargısal örnekleme yöntemiyle pazar paylarına göre Alphaliner Top100 listesinde yer alan ilk 5 global konteynır hattı olarak tespit edilmiştir. Literatür taraması sonucunda elde edilen insan sermayesi göstergeleri web sitelerinin içerik analizinde anahtar kelimeler ve arama çerçevesi olarak kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın bulgularına göre, en sık rastlanan insan sermayesi göstergelerinden bazıları; "sağlık ve güvenlik", "yetiştirme", "deneyim", "bağlılık", "yetenek", "işe alma", "eğitim" ve "liderlik" olarak belirlenmiştir. Konteyner hatlarının insan sermayesi yaklaşımlarında önem verilen ana unsurların şunlar olduğu tespit edilmiştir; Çalışanların refahı, gelişimi ve bağlılığı. Bu çalışmanın bulguları küresel konteyner endüstrisi bağlamında insan sermayesi literatürü için yararlı bir kaynak teşkil etmektedir.

The purpose of this study is to examine the human capital indicators within the scope of container shipping industry. In order to reach the objective of the study a content analysis is carried out. The sample of study is determined as the top 5 ranked global container lines in Alphaliner Top100 list according to their market share. In the analysis judgmental sampling method is used. The human capital (HC) indicators obtained as a result of the literature review are used as the key words and search frame on the content analysis of web sites. According to findings of the study, some of the most frequently mentioned human capital indicators are “health and safety”, “training”, “experience”, “commitment”, “skill”, “recruitment”, “education” and “leadership”. It is determined that the main elements to which container lines give importance in their human capital approaches are as follows; the welfare, development and commitment of the employees. The findings of this study constitute a useful source for the human capital literature within the context of the global container shipping industry.

  • Abeysekera, I. and Guthrie, J. (2005). An empirical investigation of annual reporting trends of intellectual capital in Sri Lanka. Critical Perspectives in Accounting, 16(3), 151-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1045-2354(03)00059-5.
  • Akca, M., Yavuz, M. and Karagulle, A. O. (2013). Intellectual Capital as A Competitive Tool at Logistics and Transportation Industries: A Turkish Case. 11th International Logistics & Supply Chain Congress. Kayseri- TURKEY.
  • Alphaliner (2017). Top 100.URL. https://alphaliner.axsmarine.com/PublicTop100/.
  • April, K. A., Bosma, P. and Deglon, D. A. (2003). IC measurement and reporting: establishing a practice in SA mining. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 4(2), 165-180. https://doi.org/10.1108/14691930310472794.
  • Baron, A. (2011). Measuring human capital. Strategic HR Review, 10(2), 30-35. DOI: 10.1108/14754391111108338.
  • Beattie, v. and Thomson, S. J. (2007). Lifting the lid on the use of content analysis to investigate intellectual capital disclosures. Accounting Forum, 31(2), 129 163. DOI: 10.1016/j.accfor.2007.02.001.
  • Bontis, N. 2003, Intellectual capital disclosure in Canadian Corporations. Journal of Human Resource Costing and Accounting, 7(1), 9-20. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb029076.
  • Bozbura, F. T., Beskese, A. and Kahraman, C. (2007). Prioritization of human capital measurement indicators using fuzzy AHP. Expert Systems with Applications, 32(1), 1100-1112. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2006.02.006.
  • Bozzolan, S., Favotto, F. and Ricceri, F. (2003). Italian annual intellectual capital disclosure: An empirical analysis. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 4(4), 543-558. DOI 10.1108/14691930310504554.
  • Bozzolan, S., O’Regan, P. and Ricceri, F. (2006). Intellectual capital disclosure (ICD): A comparison of Italy and the UK. Journal of Human Resource Costing and Accounting, 10(2): 92-113. https://doi.org/10.1108/14013380610703111.
  • Brennan, N. (2001). Reporting Intellectual Capital in Annual Reports: Evidence from Ireland. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 14(4),423-436. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513570110403443.
  • Bueno, E., Salmador, M. P., and Rodríguez, O. (2004). The role of social capital in today’s economy: empirical evidence and proposal of a new model of intellectual capital. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 5(4), 556-574. DOI: 10.1108/14691930410567013.
  • Bukowitz, W. R., Williams, R. L. and Mactas, E. S. (2004). Human Capital Measurement. Research Technology Management, 47(3), 43-49.
  • Chander S. and Mehra V. (2011). A study on intangible assets disclosure: An evidence from Indian companies. Intangible Capital, 7(1), 1-30. DOI:10.3926/ic.2011.v1n7.p1-30.
  • Copacino, W. (1999). Research Hypotheses for the New Millennium – Keynote Address.Twenty-Eighth Annual Transportation and Logistics Educators’ Conference, The Ohio State University and Council of Logistics Management.Oak Brook, IL.
  • Edvinsson, L. and Malone, M.S. (1997), Intellectual Capital: Realizing your Company’s True Value by Finding its Hidden Roots, 1st ed. New York: Harper Collins Publishing Inc.
  • Elo, S. and Kyngas, H. (2008). The qualitative content analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107-115. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x.
  • Fitzsimons P. (2015). Human capital theory and education. Peters, M. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory (pp.1-4). Springer Science: Singapore. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_331-1
  • Folloni, G. and Vittadini, G. (2010). Human Capital Measurement: A Survey. Journal of Economic Surveys, 24(2), pp. 248-279. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6419.2009.00614.x
  • Galbraith, J. K. (1969). The New Industrial State. London: Penguin Books.
  • Guthrie, J., Petty, R., Yongvanich, K. and Ricceri, F. (2004). Using Content Analysis as A Research Method to Inquire into Intellectual Capital Reporting. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 5(2), 282-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14691930410533704
  • Han, J. and Ding, J. (2007). The Intellectual Capital Impacts on Logistics Business Performance. First International Conference on Transportation Engineering July 22-24. American Society of Civil Engineers. Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40932(246)546.
  • Ho, Y., Lin, C., and Chiang, S. (2009). Organizational determinants of green innovation implementation in the logistics industry. International Journal of Organizational Innovation, 2(1), 3-12.
  • Hsieh, H. F. and Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three Approaches to Qualitative Content Analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277-1288. DOI: 10.1177/1049732305276687.
  • Kamath, B. (2008). Intellectual capital disclosure in India: content analysis of “TecK” firms. Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting, 12(3), 213-224. DOI 10.1108/14013380810919859.
  • Kang, S. C. and Snell, S. A. (2009). Intellectual Capital Architectures andAmbidextrous Learning: A Framework for Human Resource Management. Journal of Management Studies, 46(1), 65-92. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6486.2008.00776.x
  • Kolbe, R. H. and Burnett, M. S. (1991). Content-Analysis Research: An Examination of Applications with Directives for Improving Research Reliability and Objectivity. Journal of Consumer Research, 18(2), 243-250. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2489559.
  • Kong, G. and Kong, D. (2016). Corporate governance, human capital, and productivity: evidence from Chinese non-listed firms. Applied Economics, 48, 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2016.1245837
  • Krippendorf, K. (2004). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology. Sage Publications: California.
  • Li, J., Pike, R. and Haniffa, R. (2011). Intellectual capital disclosure and corporate governance structure in UK firms. Accounting and Business Research, 38(2), 137-159. DOI: 10.1080/00014788.2008.9663326.
  • Likert, R. (1967). The Human Organization: Its Management and Value. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Lorange, P. (2001). Strategic re-thinking in shipping companies. Maritime Policy & Management, 28(1), 23-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/030888301750050741.
  • Mahoney, J. T. And Kor, Y. Y. (2015). Advancing The Human Capital Perspective On Value Creation by Joining Capabilities and Governance Approaches. Academy of Management Perspectives, 29(3), 296-308. http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amp.2014.0151.
  • Marimuthu, M., Arokiasamy, L. and Ismail, M. (2009). Human Capital Development and Its Impact On Firm Performance: Evidence from Developmental Economics. The Journal of International Social Research, 2(8), 265-272.
  • Martin De Castro, G., Delgado Verde, M., Lopez Saez, P. and Navas Lopez, J. E. (2010). Towards ‘An Intellectual Capital-Based View of the Firm’: Origins and Nature. Journal of Business Ethics, 98(4), 649-662. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-010-0644-5.
  • Mehralian, G., Akhavan, P., Rasekh, H. R. and Ghatari, A. R. (2013). A framework for human capital indicators in knowledge-based industries: evidence from pharmaceutical industry. Measuring Business Excellence, 17(4), 88-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/MBE-10-2012-0053.
  • Myers, M. B., Griffith, D. A. and Daugherty, P. J. (2004). Maximizing The Human Capital Equation in Logistics: Education, Experience, And Skills. Journal of Business Logistics, 25(1), 211-232. DOI: 10.1002/j.2158-1592.2004.tb00175.x.
  • Pasban, M. and Nojedeh, S. H. (2016). A Review of the Role of Human Capital in the Organization. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 230, 249-253. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.09.032.
  • Petty, W. (1690). Political Arithmetik, or a Discourse Conceirning the Extent and Value of Lands, People, Buildings. Reprinted in C.H. Hull (1899). The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Petty, R. and Guthrie, J. (2000). Intellectual capital literature review: Measurement, reporting and management. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 1(2), 155-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14691930010348731.
  • Phillips, J. J. (2003). Human capital measurement. Business Intelligence, 10. http://www.roiinstitute.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Human-Capital-Measurement-A-Challenge-for-the-CLO.pdf
  • Phillips, J. J. (2007). Human Capital Measurement: Challenges and Opportunities for HR. HRinsight, 4(4). http://www.roiinstitute.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Human-Capital-Measurement-HR-Insight.pdf
  • Popa, C., Nistor, F., Reczey, I. and Quansah, D. (2016). The Seafarers' Human Capital Variables and The Crew Profile Dynamic Adjustment. Scientific Bulletin "Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy, 19(1), 27-28. DOI: 10.21279/1454-864X-16-I1-007.
  • Ramezan, M. (2011). Intellectual capital and organizational organic structure in knowledge society: how are these concepts related? International Journal of Information Management, 31(1), 88–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2010.10.004.
  • Reed, K. K., Lubatkin, M., and Srinivasan, N. (2006). Proposing and testing an intellectual capitalbased view of the firm. Journal of Management Studies, 43(1), 867–893. http:/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2006.00614.x/full.
  • Segun, O. P. and Deborah, O. O. (2016). Effect of Human Capital Expenditure on the Profitability of Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, 8(2), 155-170. DOI:10.5296/ajfa.v8i2.10197.
  • Shaikh, J.M. Shaikh, J.M. (2004), Measuring and reporting of intellectual capital performance. Journal of American Academy of Business, 4(1/2), 439-448.
  • Sollosy, M., Mclnerney, M. and Braun, C. K. (2016). Human Capital: A Strategic Asset Whose Time Has Come to Be Recognized on Organizations’ Financial Statements. The Journal of Corporate Accounting & Finance, 27(6), 19-27. DOI: 10.1002/jcaf.22201.
  • Spender, J., and Marr, B. (2006). How a knowledge-based approach might illuminate the notion of human capital and its measurement. Expert Systems with Applications, 30(2), 265–271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2005.07.001.
  • Stemler, S. E., (2001). An Overview of Content Analysis. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 7(17)., 1-10. http://pareonline.net/getvn.asp?v=7&n=17.
  • Su, H. Y. (2014). Business ethics and the development of intellectual capital. Journal of Business Ethics, 119(1), 87–98. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-013-1623-4.
  • Subramaniam, M., and Youndt, M. A. (2005). The influence of intellectual capital on the types of innovative capabilities. Academy of Management Journal, 48(3), 450–463. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20159670.
  • Tsou, H. T., Chen, J. S. and Liao, S. W. (2016). Enhancing intellectual capital for e-service innovation. Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 18(1), 30–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14479338.2016.1181527.
  • Van Lottum, J. and Poulsen, B., (2011). Estimating levels of numeracy and literacy in the maritime sector of the North Atlantic in the late eighteenth century. Scandinavian Economic History Review, 59(1), 65-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03585522.2011.541124.
  • Van Lottum, J. and Van Zanden, J. L. (2014). Labour productivity and human capital in the European maritime sector of the eighteenth century. Explorations in Economic History, 53, 83-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eeh.2014.04.001.
  • Wu, M. J. and Chen, S. T. (2016). Human Capital, Organizational Demography and Organizational Performance: The Analysis of CPA Firms in Taiwan. International Business Research, 9(11), 126-134. DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v9n11p126
  • Wu, Y. C. and Chou, Y. H., (2007). A new look at logistics business performance: intellectual capital perspective. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 18(1), 41-63. DOI: 10.1108/09574090710748162.
  • Zelenika, R. and Pupavac, D., 2003, Intellectual Capital – Developmental Resource of Logistics Companies for 21st Century. Technology and Management of Traffic, 15(1), 37-41. DOI: 10.7307/ptt.v15i1.867.
Konular Sosyal Bilimler (Genel)
Dergi Bölümü MAKALE
Yazarlar

Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0002-4382-2480
Yazar: Ramazan Özkan YILDIZ
Kurum: İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BARBAROS HAYRETTİN GEMİ İNŞAATI VE DENİZCİLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0002-7053-3940
Yazar: İlke Sezin AYAZ
Kurum: Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Denizcilik Fakültesi, Bursa Teknik Üniversitesi, Denizcilik Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0002-2235-5617
Yazar: Esra BARAN
Kurum: DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZCİLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { odusobiad339988, journal = {ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD)}, issn = {1309-9302}, address = {Ordu Üniversitesi}, year = {}, volume = {8}, pages = {167 - 179}, doi = {}, title = {Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi}, key = {cite}, author = {AYAZ, İlke Sezin and YILDIZ, Ramazan Özkan and BARAN, Esra} }
APA YILDIZ, R , AYAZ, İ , BARAN, E . (). Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi. ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD), 8 (1), 167-179. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/odusobiad/issue/36351/339988
MLA YILDIZ, R , AYAZ, İ , BARAN, E . "Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi". ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD) 8 (): 167-179 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/odusobiad/issue/36351/339988>
Chicago YILDIZ, R , AYAZ, İ , BARAN, E . "Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi". ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD) 8 (): 167-179
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi AU - Ramazan Özkan YILDIZ , İlke Sezin AYAZ , Esra BARAN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 167 EP - 179 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - 1309-9302- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD) Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi %A Ramazan Özkan YILDIZ , İlke Sezin AYAZ , Esra BARAN %T Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi %D 2018 %J ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD) %P 1309-9302- %V 8 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD YILDIZ, Ramazan Özkan , AYAZ, İlke Sezin , BARAN, Esra . "Uluslararası Konteyner Hatları Kapsamında İnsan Sermayesinin İncelenmesi: Bir İçerik Analizi". ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi (ODÜSOBİAD) 8 / 1 167-179.