Yıl 2018, Cilt 33, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 170 - 176 2018-06-22

Farkli yetiştirme ortamlarinin primula (primula obconica) bitkisinin besin içeriğine etkileri
Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant

Nuray ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN [1] , Abdullah Baran [2] , Cihat Kütük [3] , Gökhan Çaycı [4] , H. Hüseyin Özaytekin [5] , Siyami Karaca [6]

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Primula bitkisinin yetiştirme ortamı olarak yosun kökenli ithal organik toprak (İOT) ve Akgöl/Türkiye den elde edilen yerli organik toprak (YOT) kullanılmıştır. İOT ve YOT’ın temel fiziksel ve kimyasal özellikleri belirlendikten sonra beş farklı yetiştirme ortamı hazırlanmıştır. Daha sonra primula bitkisinin besin maddesi içeriğine hazırlanan ortamların etkileri incelenmiştir. Yetiştirme ortamlarının suda çözünebilir NO3-N, P, K, Fe ve Zn içerikleri yetersiz bulunurken, diğer besin elementlerinin yeterli seviyede olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ortamların hacim ağırlığı (HA) 0.071-0.139 g cm-3 arasında bulunmuştur. Karışımlardaki YOT oranı arttıkça HA’ları da artmıştır. Ayrıca yetiştirme ortamı olarak hazırlanan İOT ve YOT yeterli havalanma kapasitesine (HK), düşük kolay alınabilir su içeriğine (KAS) ve çok düşük su tamponlama kapasitesine sahiptir. Katyon değişim kapasitesi (KDK) değerleri ise 83.32-105.70 me 100 g-1 olarak belirlenmiştir. Ortamların pH ve EC değeri sırası ile 4.56-5.88 ve 0.39-1.00 dS m-1 arasında değişmiştir. Karışımlarda YOT oranı % 75'den fazla olduğunda, pH düzeyi istenilen sınırların biraz dışındadır. Organik C ise, % 100 İOT karışımında en yüksek seviyededir. Farklı yetiştirme ortamları bakımından primula bitkisinin klasik büyüme özellikleri ve kalite parametreleri arasındaki farklılıklar önemli değildir. Bitkilerin toplam K, Mg, S ve Na içerikleri genel olarak normal seviyelerdedir. Bununla birlikte, bitkilerin toplam Fe, Mn ve Cu içeriklerinde önemli farklılıklar bulunmuştur. Tüm ortamlarda Fe miktarı yeterli iken, Mn ve Cu miktarları kabul edilebilir seviyelerden daha düşüktür. Sonuç olarak, primula bitkileri tüm ortamlarda başarılı bir şekilde yetiştirilmiş ve bazı besin içeriğindeki farklılıklara rağmen satılabilir kaliteye ulaşmıştır. YOT’ın İOT’a bir alternatif olarak ve serada süs bitkileri üretiminde kullanılması önerilmiştir.

Imported moss peat (IMP) and native peat (NAP) that is taken from Akgöl/Turkey were used in the growth medium of primula (Primula obconica) plants. Five different growth media were prepared using IMP and NAP, and some of their basic chemical and physical properties were determined. Then, the effects of media characteristics on nutrient contents of primula plant were evaluated. All growth media was found inadequate in concentration for water soluble nutrients NO3-N, P, K, Fe and Zn but other nutrients were acceptable levels. Bulk density (BD) of growing media was found between 0.071-0.139 g cm-3. When the ratio of NAP was increased in mixtures, BD also increased. Moreover, the growth media was prepared with IMP and NAP had enough aeration capacity (AC), low available water content (AWC), and very low water buffering capacity (WBC). Cation exchange capacity (CEC) values were determined as 83.32-105.70 me 100 g-1. pH and EC of the media varied between 4.56-5.88 and 0.39-1.00 dS m-1, respectively. On the other hand, when the NAP ratio was more than 75% in the mixtures, pH level was a little out of the desired limits. Organic C level was the highest in 100% IMP media. The quality parameters and the classical growth characteristics of primula plants were not significantly different across growing media. K, Mg, S and Na contents of the plants were generally at normal levels. However, significant differences were found in total Fe, Mn and Cu contents of plants. Fe amount was enough but Mn and Cu were lower than the acceptable levels in all media. All in all, primula plants were grown successfully in all media and reached saleable quality levels despite of the differences in some nutrient contents. It was suggested that NAP can be used as an alternative to IMP for horticultural purposes, such as a production of ornamentals in a greenhouse.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Yaşam Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: Nuray ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN
Kurum: ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Abdullah Baran

Yazar: Cihat Kütük

Yazar: Gökhan Çaycı

Yazar: H. Hüseyin Özaytekin

Yazar: Siyami Karaca

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { omuanajas320232, journal = {Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-8750}, eissn = {1308-8769}, address = {Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {33}, pages = {170 - 176}, doi = {10.7161/omuanajas.320232}, title = {Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant}, key = {cite}, author = {Karaca, Siyami and ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN, Nuray and Özaytekin, H. Hüseyin and Çaycı, Gökhan and Kütük, Cihat and Baran, Abdullah} }
APA ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN, N , Baran, A , Kütük, C , Çaycı, G , Özaytekin, H , Karaca, S . (2018). Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant. Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 33 (2), 170-176. DOI: 10.7161/omuanajas.320232
MLA ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN, N , Baran, A , Kütük, C , Çaycı, G , Özaytekin, H , Karaca, S . "Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant". Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 33 (2018): 170-176 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/omuanajas/issue/37594/320232>
Chicago ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN, N , Baran, A , Kütük, C , Çaycı, G , Özaytekin, H , Karaca, S . "Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant". Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 33 (2018): 170-176
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant AU - Nuray ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN , Abdullah Baran , Cihat Kütük , Gökhan Çaycı , H. Hüseyin Özaytekin , Siyami Karaca Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.7161/omuanajas.320232 DO - 10.7161/omuanajas.320232 T2 - Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 170 EP - 176 VL - 33 IS - 2 SN - 1308-8750-1308-8769 M3 - doi: 10.7161/omuanajas.320232 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.7161/omuanajas.320232 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant %A Nuray ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN , Abdullah Baran , Cihat Kütük , Gökhan Çaycı , H. Hüseyin Özaytekin , Siyami Karaca %T Effects of different growth media to the nutrient content of primula (primula obconica) plant %D 2018 %J Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-8750-1308-8769 %V 33 %N 2 %R doi: 10.7161/omuanajas.320232 %U 10.7161/omuanajas.320232
ISNAD ÇİÇEK ATİKMEN, Nuray , Baran, Abdullah , Kütük, Cihat , Çaycı, Gökhan , Özaytekin, H. Hüseyin , Karaca, Siyami . "Farkli yetiştirme ortamlarinin primula (primula obconica) bitkisinin besin içeriğine etkileri". Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 33 / 2 (Haziran 2018): 170-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.7161/omuanajas.320232