Yıl 2019, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 80 - 99 2019-03-31

Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar
From Work Life to School: Theoretical Approaches for School Burnout

Zekeriya Çam [1] , Selahiddin Öğülmüş [2]

114 116

İlk zamanlar çalışma yaşamı bağlamında ele alınan tükenmişlik kavramı, daha sonra okul ortamına uyarlanarak incelenmeye başlanmıştır. Fiziksel ve duygusal olarak enerjinin bitmesi, yapılan işe karşı ilgisiz olma ve kişisel başarı duygusunda azalma biçiminde tanımlanan tükenmişlik benzer biçimde okul tükenmişliğinin de tanımlanmasında kullanılmıştır. Son yıllarda okul bağlamında ele alınan bu kavramın, öğrencilerde depresyon, okula devamsızlık yapma, okulla bağ kurmama ve okul terki ile sonuçlandığı rapor edilmektedir. Alanyazın incelendiğinde okul tükenmişliği kavramını kuramsal anlamda ele alınan yaklaşımların daha çok, kaynakların korunması kuramı, talepler-kaynaklar modeli, sosyal bilişsel kuram, varoluşçu bakış açısı ve gelişimsel süreç modeli olduğu görülmektedir. Bu araştırmanın amacı adı geçen kuramların okul tükenmişliğine yönelik açıklamalarına yer vermek ve bu kuramlara dayalı olarak ruh sağlığı alanına ve gelecekteki araştırmacılara öneriler sunmaktır.

The concept of burnout, which was dealt within the context of working life in the beginning, has begun to be examined by adapting it to the school environment. Burnout, defined as a decline of energy physically, emotionally and in the feelings of achievement of the work that is being done as well as a decline in the sense of personal achievement, is used similarly to describe school burnout. In recent years, it has been reported that this concept, addressed within the context of school, results in depres-sion, absenteeism, lack of connection with school and dropout. When the literature is examined, it is seen that the approaches to the concept of school burnout in the theoretical sense are mostly conserva-tion of resources theory, demands-resources model, social cognitive theory, existential perspective and developmental process model. The aim of this research to include explanations of the aforementioned theories on school burnout and based on these theories to present suggestions to the field of mental health and future researchers.

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Orcid: 0000-0002-2965-2390
Yazar: Zekeriya Çam (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8737-5141
Yazar: Selahiddin Öğülmüş
Kurum: Ankara Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { pgy392556, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2019}, volume = {11}, pages = {80 - 99}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.392556}, title = {Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar}, key = {cite}, author = {Çam, Zekeriya and Öğülmüş, Selahiddin} }
APA Çam, Z , Öğülmüş, S . (2019). Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, 11 (1), 80-99. DOI: 10.18863/pgy.392556
MLA Çam, Z , Öğülmüş, S . "Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 (2019): 80-99 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/pgy/issue/39299/392556>
Chicago Çam, Z , Öğülmüş, S . "Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 (2019): 80-99
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar AU - Zekeriya Çam , Selahiddin Öğülmüş Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.392556 DO - 10.18863/pgy.392556 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 80 EP - 99 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.392556 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18863/pgy.392556 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar %A Zekeriya Çam , Selahiddin Öğülmüş %T Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar %D 2019 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.392556 %U 10.18863/pgy.392556
ISNAD Çam, Zekeriya , Öğülmüş, Selahiddin . "Çalışma Yaşamından Okula: Okul Tükenmişliğine Yönelik Kuramsal Yaklaşımlar". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 / 1 (Mart 2019): 80-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.18863/pgy.392556