Arama Sonucu: 10080 Aranan: Historians
Cilt 32 , Sayı 3 , Oca 2015 , Sayfalar 151 - 158
Mohsen Ali, Alireza Mirvaghefi, Farzad Asadi
ve Abstract 10 punto, makalenin geri kalanı 11 punto ve tek satır aralığıyla Times New Roman olacaktır. Tablo ve şekiller makale içinde geçtiği yerde veya bir sonraki sayfada verilecektir; dipnotlar 9 puntoyla yazılacaktır. İki cümleden fazla olan aynen alıntılar 5 karakter içerden 10 punto ile yazılmalıdır. 7. Makalelerde bölümler aşağıdaki sırayla düzenlenmelidir:  Başlık: Makalelerin başlığı metne uygun, kısa ve açık, ilk harfleri büyük, koyu, sayfaya ortalanarak, 14 puntoyla yazılmalıdır. Başlık 15 sözcüğü aşmamalıdır. Türkçe makale önce Türkçe, İngilizce makalede ise önce İngilizce yazılmalıdır.  Türkçe ve İngilizce özet (En çok 200 kelime): Özetten sonra 3 ila 6 sözcüklük
Cilt 10 , Sayı 1 , Oca 2011 , Sayfalar 644 - 645
The paper contributes in exploring the beliefs of prospective teachers regarding nature, causes and solution of prevailing social problems of Pakistani society. Qualitative research method was used administering open ended questionnaire to 387 post graduate teacher education learners enrolled in Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan. Respondents were asked to write paragraphs about reasons and solution of different social problems including corruption, unemployment, gender discrimination, domestic and sectarian violence, women harassment, injustice and intolerance. Content analysis of the manuscripts reveals that future teachers are well aware of the existing social problems of the country and have suggestions to eliminate these problems. The student teachers propose expansion in the access of education; legislation and its strict implications to reduce different social crimes; social justice as well as thoughtful understanding of Islamic preaching to eliminate most of the current social problems from Pakistani society
Cilt 5 , Sayı 1 , Oca 2015 , Sayfalar 1 - 19
Muhammed Buzdar, Akhtar Ali
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a Computer-Assisted Instruction designed according to 7E model of constructivist learning(CAI7E) related to ‘‘electrostatic’’ topic on physics student teachers’ cognitive development, misconceptions, self-efficacy perceptions and attitudes. The study was conducted in 2006–2007 academic year and was carried out in three different classes taught by the same teacher, in which there were 79 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade university students, in central city of Diyarbakır in Turkey. An experimental research design including the electrostatic achievement test (EAT), the electrostatic concept test (ECT), physics attitude scale (PAS) and self-efficacy perception scale (SEPS) was applied at the beginning and at the end of the research as pre-test and post-test. After the treatment, general achievement in EAT increased (P
Cilt 11 , Sayı 3 , Oca 2010 , Sayfalar 206 - 224
Serhat KOCAKAYA, Selahattin GONEN
Bâbür’ün oldukça hareketli geçen bir hayatın içinde kaleme aldığı Bâbürnâme, edebiyat tarihimizin en kayda değer eserlerinden birisidir. Bâbürnâme, tarihî bilgiler yanında Herat, Semerkant gibi şehirler ve zamanın önemli kültür ve devlet adamları hakkında da çok önemli bir kaynak eserdir.Bâbürnâme’de anlatılan en mühim şahsiyetlerden biri de Ali Şir Nevâyî’dir. Nevâyî eserleri ve hizmetleriyle Çağatay edebiyatı içinde önemli bir yeri olan bir sanatkâr ve devlet adamıdır. Nevâyî hakkında Bâbürnâme’de anlatılanlar, ilk elden bilgiler olması bakımından hayli önemlidir. Bâbür, hatıralarında Nevâyî hakkında ilginç bilgiler, anekdotlar vermekte ve bunlarla ilgili çeşitli yorumlar yapmaktadır. Bâbürnâme, Nevâyî hakkında verdiği bu bilgilerle de dikkat çeken bir eserdir
, Sayfalar 41 - 50
Yasin ŞEN
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Cilt 2 , Sayı 2 , Oca 2018 , Sayfalar 1 - 1
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In recent years, use of synthetic cannabinoids has been frequently observed in population. There are many articles about the history, type and pharmaco-chemical properties of synthetic cannabinoids in the literature; however the number of articles about the frequency of their detection is limited. Because drug abuse is modern disaster of populations, requirement of definition of risk groups occurred, and we tried to define the risk population in our city.The reports of Duzce University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Scan of laboratory codes‘’ bonzai drug level’’ was performed. Positive reports for presence of synthetic cannabinoids ‘’bonzai’’ in urine were investigated. Demographic features as number of patients, gender, mean of age and seasonal distribution were determined.During 4 year period through 2012-2015, 5374 patients were evaluated for bonsai use suspicion. Of totally 335 patients with urine bonsai detected positive (UBDP), 58 were under 18 years old (%17.31).  The average age of UBDP patients was 25 (14-60 years). The average age of UBDP patients was 33, 31, 26 and 25 for each year through 2012-2015 respectively. Male majority was detected; 56 male and 2 females were under 18 years old, and 270 male and 7 females were over 18 years old. The number and diversity of bonsai use have increased significantly in the drug market in recent years. This has led to more widespread and younger population use of the drug, which we can dramatically observe referring to the records.
Cilt Volume 2 , Sayı İssue 1 (1) , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 56 - 56
Feruza TURAN SÖNMEZ, Harun GÜNEŞ, Halit Berk CANGA, Hayati KANDİŞ, Ayhan SARITAŞ
Objective: Investigating the knowledge and attitude about biocidal products at Havutlu district of Adana province where biocidal products used extensively and agriculture is main source of income. Method: A questionnaire with 13 questions that investigate the knowledge and attitude concerning biocidal products was prepared. Survey was applied face to face to 358 people in Havutlu district in Adana. The research type is descriptive. SPSS 19.0 was used for analysis. Results: 287 people (80.2%) indicated they use biocidal products to kill insects in the house, while 71 people (19.8%) don't. 276 people (77.1%) think biocidal products may be harmful to human health, while 82 people (22.9%) think they aren't. After biocidal application, 2 people (0.7%) had intoxication symptoms. 253 people (70.7%) believes that they are at risk of intoxication during biocidal application process. 219 people (76.3%) say that they comply with biocidal products storage conditions, 68 people (23.7%) say they don't. Concerning attitudes about biocidal products, while choosing; 103 people (35.9%) make choice according to their experience, 82 people (28.6%) according to price, 39 people (13.6%) according to advertisements, 63 people (21.9%) according to suggestions. When asked which properties an ideal product should have; 116 people (32.4%) think it should be harmless to human and other creatures, 107 people (29.9%) think it should be effective to applied insects, 66 people (18.4%) think it should be effective more than one species, 47 people (13.1%) think it should be cheap, 22 people (6.2%) think that it should be effective to only one species. Conclusion: In terms of use of biocidal products Havutlu seems to have a lack of knowledge about the storage and use. Expectation from biocidal product is minimum harmful effect and it's being effective to only applied species. The main factor influencing product selection is experience.    Keywords: Biocidal products, Havutlu District, Knowledge and attitude
Cilt Volume 2 , Sayı Issue 1(2) , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 43 - 43
Volkan Recai Ötegen, Muhsin Akbaba, Ersin Nazlıcan, Hüseyin İlter, Burak Kurt
The environmental pollution threatens the ecosystem and people more every day. This situation is also valid for Lake Van. For this reason, the alterations of some metal levels were studied according to gender and weight in Van fish (Alburnus Tarichi, Güldenstädt 1814). In the study, beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) elements in the tissues of muscles, liver, gills, gonads and brain of Van fishes were analysed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Highly toxic Be, Bi, Pb and Cd elements were found in the tissues of Van fish. In the study, the metal concentration in the male fishes were found to be higher than the female fishes (p<0.05). According to their weight, the levels were found higher in the 80>Wght group and 80-100 Wght group, and lower in the 100<Wght group (p<0.05).
Cilt Volume 2 , Sayı İssue 1 (1) , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 14 - 14
Aslı Çilingir YELTEKIN, Ahmet Regaip OĞUZ
To determine TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive sobstances), SH (thiols) and NOx (Nitric Oxide metabolites) levels as indicators of oxidative stress, to discuss the correlation of oxidative stres with blood lead (Pb) concentrations and discuss the interactions between NOx and oxidative stress in workers with occupational lead exposure.104 battery workers with lead exposure and 50 healthy controls without a lead exposure were included in the study.  Pb exposed workers were divided into two subgroups according to their Pb concentration; Group A: Pb ≤ 30 µg/dL (n= 52) and Group B: Pb > 30 µg/dL (n= 52).TBARS levels were significantly higher, SH levels were significantly lower in both of the exposed groups when compared with controls. TBARS levels were found to be significantly higher and SH levels were found to be significantly lower in Group B when compared with Group A indicating that the oxidative stress increases with the increasing blood lead levels. There was not a significant difference in NOx levels. The results of the study showed that the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in Pb exposure is disturbed by inducing over-production of TBARS and depleting the antioxidant capacity in a Pb concentration dependent manner. Oxidative stress has been proposed to be a principle mechanism involved in Pb toxicity.  
Cilt Volume 2 , Sayı İssue 1 (1) , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 208 - 208
Gülsen YILMAZ, Hatice SÜRER, Elmas ÖĞÜŞ, Engin TUTKUN, Hınç YILMAZ, Fatma Meriç YILMAZ
İçebakış yöntemi, öznelliğin özünün -yani 'ben'in- farkındalıkla özdeş olduğu gerçeğini açığa çıkarır. Bu 'ben', bireyin değişik fiziksel özellikleri ile bireyin 'kendi'sini teşkil eden zihinsel içerikten ayırt edilmelidir. Çoğu bilinç tartışması 'ben' ile 'kendi'yi birbirine karıştırır. Aslında tecrübemiz -zihin ve beden dualizmi değil de, 'ben' tecrübemizle gözlemlenen 'ben' duygumuz arasındaki dualizm anlamında- esas itibarıyla dualistiktir. Farkındalık ile 'ben' özdeşliği; farkındalığı 'ben' olma tecrübemizle bildiğimiz ve böylece de sonsuz gözlemci teselsülü problemini çözdüğümüz anlamına gelmektedir. Bunun sonucu olarak da, farkındalık ontolojimiz ne olursa olsun, 'ben' için de aynı olmalıdır.
Cilt 0 , Sayı 16 , Oca 2007 , Sayfalar 355 - 369
Yazan: DEİKMAN, Arthur J DEİKMAN, Çeviren: ATALAY
The dominant status of Urdu language is a reality in the multilingual society of Pakistan. The mother language of only 7.59% of the population is the national language of the country that provides opportunity to traditional rivals of Pakistan to provoke ethnic crises, hiding the reality of its being the only source of country-wide communication. The paper highlights the considerable criticism of the language policy in Pakistan that is endangering the ‘cultural capital’ of local and regional languages through Urdu imperialism. However, contrary to the controversial criticism of its status, the focus of the paper is to argue that Urdu is a natural phenomenon of the region that supports free integrity of the nation and not an imposed one. Its origin, evolution and development as a lingua franca is as natural as the status of English language as a lingua franca for the world. Therefore, it suggests solutions to revive the cultural capital through reforms in education policy in collaboration with language policy rather than criticizing the status of Urdu as the national language, which is the best choice, indeed, because the ubiquity of Urdu is not a myth.
Cilt 3 , Sayı 8 , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 387 - 390
Syeda Sughra NAQVI
Societies build for reasons, including and, beyond the need for shelter. The layers of meaning that make up the building process include status, power, social convention, values and ideas on aesthetics. This inherent layering of meaning through building ensures that every built work as a deliberate act – consciously or unconsciously – communicates meaning and gives shape and identity to those that build. While some contexts call for an occupation of open space as opposed to building, it must noted that in these cases the decision not to build can still be considered an architectural decision. Architectural history traditionally deals with individual buildings, yet historically building rarely exists outside the creation of multiple structures within some form of collective. Here the daily face-to-face interactions of dynamic social networks and patterns of interaction in these collective spaces ultimately define what we recognise as settlement. To comprehend the values that underpin settlement, the expression should be seen through the ‘collective’ rather than an ‘individual’ form of expression. How one intervenes in such collectives and how to provide a relevant and appropriate service that facilitates the needs and wants of multiple authors through architectural design has challenged the very principles upon which the profession is built. This need for more effective and considered approach to design has seen a global shift in practices and institutions to devise ‘alternative’ processes of design that acknowledge multiple authors, employ user-centered methods that ultimately allow for the ‘facilitation’ of collective expressions that aim to give way to shared and distributed decision-making in systems that should be critically participative. From this position the authors propose that the collective or ‘community’ should be considered as the basic architectural unit of design when architects and designers work in dynamic contexts of housing and informal settlements. By embracing complexity and uncertainty, strict traditional design control is replaced by fluid design processes. Lessons learnt while teaching the post graduate Alternative Practice module at the University of Johannesburg’s Architecture Department will be presented as well as experiences with the Architecture Sans Frontiere’s ‘Change by Design’ methodology workshop/training in Ecuador, Quito. The theoretical basis of this study draws from diverse literature sources, emphasizing the interdisciplinary nature of the topic of participative design and professional practice through collective authorship. The paper concludes by identifying ways to rethink spatial design practice based on concepts of co-production. 
Cilt 2 , Sayı 2 , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 48 - 59
AMIRA OSMAN, JHONO BENNETT
Substance use disorders may have dramatic consequences. We report a case of acute multiple organ fairly related to heroin and cocaine-"Crack" consumption.A 27-year-old man was brought to emergency department unconscious with history of drug abuse. On physical examination his Glasgow coma scale was 10. On neurologic examination besides unresponsiveness bilateral reactive mydriatic pupils were detected. Blood gas analyses showed metabolic acidosis with pH 7.19, Lac: 10 and K+:7.6. Blood biochemistry showed acute kidney fairly; Cr: 2.56, and acute hepatic injury: ALT: 2597 and AST 1795, amylase 700. Blood ethanol level was within legal levels: 3.8. Computed tomography of brain performed in order to evaluate central disorder showed no abnormality and magnetic resonance imaging of brain reported internal border zone ischemia. Despite flood resuscitation organ dysfunction sustained: Urea: 62, Cr: 3.7, ALT>2215, AST>1800, CK: 432, CK-MB 474, CRP: 106, INR: 1.29, and hematuria presented. Narcotic screening reported opiate and cocaine presence. He was taken to dialysis program.The patient suffered a tonic seizure during observation which was treated with 5 mg diazepam intravenously. After totally 7 dialyses liver enzymes reduced, however kidney fairly remained. On day 8 renal parameters were urea: 60 and Cr: 7 and he was discharged from intensive unite. That drugs affect many systems separately is known, but with this case we wanted to emphasize that such chemicals may lead to a chain of reactions resulting with multiple organ dysfunctions.
Cilt Volume 2 , Sayı İssue 1 (1) , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 151 - 151
Oya GÜVEN, Feruza TURAN SÖNMEZ, Dilay SATILMIŞ, Harun GÜNEŞ
Cilt 14 , Sayı 2 , Oca 2009 , Sayfalar 144 - 149
Mehmet Serhat Odabaş, Ali Aydın, Kudret Kevseroğlu, Cüneyt Çırak
Eğitim bilimleri alan yazınında öğrencinin "meşru bilgi" karşısında edilgen bir şekilde konumlandırıldığı belirtilmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı müfredatın meşru bilgisi karşısında öğrenci stratejilerini, bilgi ve bilgi ürünleri ile ilişkiyi ifade eden "bilgi ile ilişki" kavramı yardımı ile saptamaktır. Araştırma, tarama türünde bir örnek olay çalışmasıdır. Çalışma grubu Türkiye eğitim sisteminde okumuş ve üniversite mezunu otuz kişiden oluşmaktadır. Veri toplama aracı olarak geliştirilen görüşme formu öğrencilerin kişisel bilgileri ve bilgi ile ilişkilerini anlamaya yönelik sorulardan oluşturulmuştur. Çalışmada "bilgi karşısında sorgusuz sualsiz, resmi bilgilenmeye karşı stratejiler, sermaye olarak bilgi ve öğretmene ve derse göre değişen tutum" olmak üzere dört tema saptanmıştır. Buna göre öğrenciler kendi toplumsal dünyaları çerçevesinde bilgi ile ilişki kurmuşlardır. Öğrenciler müfredatın meşru bilgisi karşısında kabul edici, bilgi biriktirici, reddedici ve seçici bir tavır sergilemişlerdir.
Cilt 7 , Sayı 2 , Oca 2016 , Sayfalar 377 - 391
Nurettin BELTEKİN
Temel cümle terimi ile karşılanan yapılara özgü tanım ve değerlendirmelerde dile getirilen özelliklerin her biri, cümlede de bulunan özelliklerdir ve bu özelliklerin önemli bir kısmı da temel cümle terimini açıklamaktan ziyade bir yan cümlenin cümleden ne gibi özelliklerle ayrıldığını belirtmek için dile getirilmiş izlenimini uyandırmaktadır. Dolayısıyla, bu terim, aslında belli bir yapının anlambirimcik, özellik ve kendine mahsus yanlarını belirtmekten uzaktır. Böyle bir terimi kullanma ihtiyacı, temelde bir yan cümle veya bazen de bir iç cümlenin temel cümleye bağlandığı yönündeki görüşten kaynaklanmış gibi görünmektedir. Oysa, yan cümlelerin oluşumunda böyle bir bağlanma değil; bir cümlenin indirgenerek bir başka cümlenin içerisine yerleştirilmesi söz konusudur. İç cümlelerde ise cümlenin herhangi bir indirgeme olmaksızın doğrudan cümlenin içerisine yerleştirilmesinden söz edilebilir. Bu durumda yan cümlenin veya iç cümlenin bağlandığı bir cümle kalmadığına ve yan cümle ile iç cümleyi kapsayan cümlenin “cümle” terimiyle karşılanan yapıdan ayrıt edici bir özelliğinin bulunmadığına göre “temel cümle” diye bir adlandırmaya gerçekten ihtiyaç olup olmadığı konusu sorgulanmalıdır. Bu çalışmada, böyle bir sorgulamaya gidilerek bu noktadaki tercihin “temel cümle” yerine sadece “cümle” terimini kullanmak yönünde olması önerilmiştir.
Cilt 38 , Sayı 2 , Oca 2014 , Sayfalar 123 - 136
Özlem Erdoğan
Türkiye’nin Afrika’ya yönelik dış politikası gerek Türkiye toplumu gerekse kıta ve uluslararası arena için hâlâ yeni bir fenomeni teşkil etmektedir. Türkiye’nin Afrika politikası somut ve devam eden ilişkilerin bir öğesinden ziyade bir yaklaşımı, aktif bir dahiliyeti temsil etmektedir. Ayrıca bu siyaseti detaylı olarak tanımlamak için henüz erkendir. Hükümetin resmî açıklamalarına göre “açılım dönemi” sonlandırılmıştır ve mevcut dönem Türkiye-Afrika arasında stratejik  ortaklık dönemini temsil etmektedir. Buna rağmen stratejik ortaklık döneminde “açılım” halen devam etmektedir. Çeşitli eski yapıların yanında terörizmle mücadelede Afrika devletlerinin işbirliğini arama gibi yeni unsurlar da eklenmektedir. AK Parti yönetiminin çeşitli evrelerinde Afrika siyasetinin uygulanmasında ve oluşturulmasında farklılıklar bulunmaktadır.
Cilt 1 , Sayı 3 , Oca 2017 , Sayfalar 141 - 163
Ceren Gürseler ÖZBİLGİÇ
“Decreasing Cultural Disparity in Educational ICTs: Tools and Recommendations” are presented, based on a compilation and analysis of relevant research, as a resource for instructional planners and designers. Based on these guidelines and the 14 cross cultural dimensions of learning presented in Henderson’s “Multiple Cultural Model” (1996), the author proposes a new evaluation tool to assess the cultural dimensions of existing ICTs.
Cilt 4 , Sayı 3 , Oca 2003
Andrea EDMUNDSON
This paper presents findings from a qualitative study that investigated seven female Saudi Arabian students of the University of Liverpool’s online Masters Programmes. Qualitative, first-person research methods and hermeneutic phenomenology were chosen for the analysis and interpretation of transcripts (Langeveld, 1983; van Manen, 1997; Creswell, 2007, Roth, 2012). The principles of cultural anthropology (Hall & du Gay, 1996; Hannerz, 1992; Lull, 2001; Coleman, 2010) were used to take a snapshot of the interviewees’ particular world to provide an overview of the Saudi Arabian culture where the role of women is at the centre of academic, political, religious and social debate These findings reflect the participants’ everyday lives, identities, values and beliefs, presented in a self-reflective, personal ‘life-world’ story of one single Saudi Arabian woman
Cilt 4 , Sayı 3 , Oca 2015 , Sayfalar 56 - 71
Anna SZILAGYI