Yıl 2017, Cilt , Sayı 38, Sayfalar 265 - 278 2017-12-18

Raymond Carver’in A Small, Good Thing Adlı Hikâyesinde Eşduyum Duygularının Etkinleştirilmesi
Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing

Karam Nayabpour [1]

118 202

Raymond Carver’ın A Small, Good Thing adlı hikâyesi, karakterler arasındaki duyuşsal ve bilişsel empati duygularını betimler. Anlatı, duyuşsal söylemi iki durumda sunar. Öykünün baş kişisi olan Ann'in kocasıyla ve bir Zenci aileyle olan empatisi,  zihinsel durumlarını paylaşarak, onlarla iletişim kurmasını sağlar. Aynı biçimde anlatı, iki başka durumda da, bilişsel empatinin kurulmasını ortaya koyar. Dr. Francis’in Ann'in acı çeken zihinsel durumu hakkındaki farkındalığı, Ann’in acısını hafifletir. Bunun yanında, anlatı sonunda Ann ve kocası fırıncıya kendi oğullarının ölüm haberini verip, fırıncının da onlara kendi çocuksuz yaşam öyküsünü anlattığında, zihinsel durumlarını anlama ve farketme yoluyla birbirleri ile bilişsel empati kurarlar. Bu yazıda, Carver'ın öyküsündeki karakterler arasında tetiklenmiş bilişsel ve duyuşsal empati duygularıyla etkileşim kurmanın, anlatı okuyucusununda bilişsel empati oluşturacağı öne sürülmektedir. Carver'ın öyküsü, anlatı perspektifinin manipüle edilmesi ve tanıdık bir duygunun—ölümle tetiklenen hüzünlenmenin—sunulması yoluyla, okuyucunun anlatıdaki duruma karşı insani tepkilerini uyandırıp, onun karakterlerle bilişsel empati kurmasını sağlama potansiyeline sahiptir.

Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing portrays affective and cognitive empathy feelings between the characters. The narrative presents affective discourse in two situations. The protagonist Ann’s empathy with her husband and with a Negro family enables her to communicate with them through sharing their mental states. Likewise, the narrative represents two situations in which cognitive empathy is generated. Dr. Francis’s awareness about Ann’s mental state alleviates her suffering. Additionally, when, at the narrative’s end, Ann and her husband tell the baker the news of their son’s death and he tells them his own childless life story, they mutually show cognitive empathy toward each other through identification of their mental states. My essay argues that engagement with evoked cognitive and affective empathy feelings between the characters in Carver’s story is likely to generate narrative reader’s cognitive empathy. Carver’s narrative has the potential to elicit a reader’s cognitive empathy through manipulation of the narrative perspective and representation of a familiar emotion, sadness evoked by death, as well as anthropomorphic or human-like reactions to this emotion.

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Yazar: Karam Nayabpour

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { sefad377103, journal = {Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2458-908X}, address = {Selçuk Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {265 - 278}, doi = {10.21497/sefad.377103}, title = {Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing}, key = {cite}, author = {Nayabpour, Karam} }
APA Nayabpour, K . (2017). Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing. Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, (38), 265-278. DOI: 10.21497/sefad.377103
MLA Nayabpour, K . "Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing". Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (2017): 265-278 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/sefad/issue/33946/377103>
Chicago Nayabpour, K . "Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing". Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (2017): 265-278
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing AU - Karam Nayabpour Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21497/sefad.377103 DO - 10.21497/sefad.377103 T2 - Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 265 EP - 278 VL - IS - 38 SN - -2458-908X M3 - doi: 10.21497/sefad.377103 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21497/sefad.377103 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing %A Karam Nayabpour %T Activation of Empathy Feelings in Raymond Carver’s A Small, Good Thing %D 2017 %J Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi %P -2458-908X %V %N 38 %R doi: 10.21497/sefad.377103 %U 10.21497/sefad.377103
ISNAD Nayabpour, Karam . "Raymond Carver’in A Small, Good Thing Adlı Hikâyesinde Eşduyum Duygularının Etkinleştirilmesi". Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / 38 (Aralık 2017): 265-278. http://dx.doi.org/10.21497/sefad.377103