Yıl 2018, Cilt 16, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 61 - 81 2018-12-26

HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ
EFFECTS OF ACUTE AND CHRONIC REPEATED SPRINT INTERVENTIONS IN HYPOXIC EXPOSURE ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND PERFORMANCE

Abdulkadir Birol [1] , Cengiz Akalan [2] , Fırat Akça [3] , Dicle Aras [4]

49 136

Son yıllarda tekrarlı sprint yeteneği (repeated sprint ability, RSA) antrenmanı takım sporlarında normal antrenman programına ilaveten uygulanan bir antrenman yöntemi olarak sık kullanılır hale gelmiştir. Ayrıca bu antrenman yöntemi hipoksik koşulda da uygulanmaktadır ve hipokside tekrarlı sprint antrenmanı (repeated sprint training in hypoxia, RSH) olarak isimlendirilmektedir. Literatürde RSH antrenmanının normobarik koşuldaki RSA performansına etkisi olmadığını bildiren bazı çalışmalar olmasına rağmen, ilgili literatürde bu antrenman yönteminin fizyolojik, moleküler ve performans bileşenlerinde önemli gelişmeler sağladığı da iddia edilmektedir. Çalışmalarda elde edilen sonuçlar çelişkili görünmektedir ve çalışmalarda uygulanan kronik/akut hipoksiye maruz kalma derecesi (solunan oksijen fraksiyonu: % 10,9-16,4) ve test protokolleri (yüklenme/dinlenme oranı, setler arası dinlenme süresi ve sprint mesafesi) farklılık göstermektedir. Bu nedenle, bu antrenman yönteminin etkileri hala tartışılmaktadır. Uygulayıcıların bir antrenmanın etkilerini anlamaları çok önemlidir. Bu nedenle, bu derleme akut ve kronik hipoksik ortamın RSA performansı üzerindeki etkilerini özetlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır.


In recent years, the repeated sprint ability (RSA) training has become more popular method as top-up training in team sports. This training method has also been applied in the hypoxic condition, named repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH). Even though there are some studies reporting that there is no effect on RSA performance in normobaric condition via RSH training, there are also some studies in the relevant literature which claim that this training method provides significant improvments on physiological, molecular and performance components. The results obtained from the studies are controversial and degrees of the chronic/acute hypoxic exposures (fraction of inspired oxygen: % 10.9-16.4) and test protocols (work-rest ratio, recovery duration between the sets and length of sprint) applied in the studies have variability. For this reason, the actual effectiveness of this training method is still questionable. It is important that practitioners understand the effectiveness of a training method. This review was prepared in order to summarize effects of acute and chronic hypoxic exposure on RSA performance.

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Yazar: Abdulkadir Birol
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Cengiz Akalan
Kurum: SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Fırat Akça
Kurum: SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Dicle Aras
Kurum: SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { spormetre460609, journal = {SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1304-284X}, address = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {16}, pages = {61 - 81}, doi = {}, title = {HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Birol, Abdulkadir and Akalan, Cengiz and Akça, Fırat and Aras, Dicle} }
APA Birol, A , Akalan, C , Akça, F , Aras, D . (2018). HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ. SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 16 (4), 61-81. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/spormetre/issue/40788/460609
MLA Birol, A , Akalan, C , Akça, F , Aras, D . "HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ". SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 16 (2018): 61-81 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/spormetre/issue/40788/460609>
Chicago Birol, A , Akalan, C , Akça, F , Aras, D . "HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ". SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 16 (2018): 61-81
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ AU - Abdulkadir Birol , Cengiz Akalan , Fırat Akça , Dicle Aras Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 61 EP - 81 VL - 16 IS - 4 SN - 1304-284X- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ %A Abdulkadir Birol , Cengiz Akalan , Fırat Akça , Dicle Aras %T HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ %D 2018 %J SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1304-284X- %V 16 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Birol, Abdulkadir , Akalan, Cengiz , Akça, Fırat , Aras, Dicle . "HİPOKSİK ORTAMDA AKUT VE KRONİK TEKRARLI SPRİNT UYGULAMALARININ BAZI FİZYOLOJİK PARAMETRELER VE PERFORMANS ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ". SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 16 / 4 (Aralık 2018): 61-81.