Cilt 26, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 171 - 185 2017-04-28

EXTRAORDINARY ART MOVEMENT OF 19th CENTURY: PRE-RAPHAELİTE BROTHERHOOD AND THEIR SYMBOLISM
19. YÜZYILIN SIRADIŞI SANAT HAREKETİ: PRE-RAPHAELITE KARDEŞLİĞİ VE SEMBOLİZMİ

Dr. Meltem YAŞDAĞ [1]

138 126

In England, in 1848, three young Royal Academy students; William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, founded a group called Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, acting against academy’s idealistic system. Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was effectively operated between 1848-1854. Pre-Raphaelites as an unsurprising movement against the traditional rules of academic art argued that art should serve to moral purpose. In the history of British Painting, by the accomplishment of the subjects chosen for their works and to transfer these issues to viewer by means of symbols that brought a new breath into the world of 19th century art world, came to the forefront by symbolism in their paintings and the sources of their symbolism. For this reason, study explores what they are describing, how they describe it and their goals while using the depictions in their works as a symbol in the paintings of Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which was thought to have contributed to the interpretation of political and social life in art in 19th century.

İngiltere’de 1848 yılında Kraliyet Akademisi öğrencisi üç genç; William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais ve Dante Gabriel Rossetti, akademinin idealist eğitim sistemine karşı gelerek Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (Pre-Raphaelite Kardeşliği) adında bir grup kurmuşlardır. Pre-Raphaelite Kardeşliği, etkin bir şekilde 1848-1854 yılları arasında faaliyet göstermiştir. Kardeşlik, akademinin geleneksel kurallarına başkaldırı olarak sanatın bir tür ahlaki amaca hizmet etmesi gerektiğini savunmuştur. İngiliz resim tarihinde eserleri için seçtikleri konular ve bu konuları izleyiciye aktarma konusunda kullandıkları semboller nedeniyle 19. yüzyılın sanat dünyasına yeni bir soluk getiren Pre-Raphaelite Kardeşliği,  resimlerindeki sembolizm ve bu sembolizmin kaynakları ile ön plana çıkmıştır. Bu nedenle çalışmada, İngiltere’de 19. yüzyılda politik ve sosyal yaşamın sanatta yorumlanmasında katkısı olduğu düşünülen Pre-Raphaelite Kardeşliği’nin, eserlerindeki tasvirleri sembol olarak kullanırken neyi, nasıl anlattıkları ve hedefleri irdelenmiştir. 

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  • Alıntılanan Resimlerin Bulunduğu İnternet Kaynakları:
  • http://www.npg.org.uk/collections
  • https://www.mutualart.com/Artwork/
  • http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/millais/paintings/5.html
  • http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/millais-mariana-t07553
  • http://manchesterartgallery.org/collections/search/collection/?id=1896.29
  • http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/hunt-the-awakening-conscience-t02075
  • http://manchesterartgallery.org/collections/search/collection/?id=1912.53
  • http://www.bmagic.org.uk/objects/1887P953
  • http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/rossetti-ecce
  • http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/millais-christ-in-the-house-of-his-parents-the-carpenters-shop-n03584
  • www.grabadosantiguos-coleccionfurio.com/obras0112.php
Konular Sanat Tarihi
Yayımlanma Tarihi Nisan
Dergi Bölümü DERLEME MAKALELER
Yazarlar

Yazar: Dr. Meltem YAŞDAĞ
E-posta: meltem.yasdag@kultur.gov.tr
Kurum: KULTUR VE TURIZM BAKANLIGI
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { std292683, journal = {Sanat Tarihi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-5707}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {26}, pages = {171 - 185}, doi = {}, title = {EXTRAORDINARY ART MOVEMENT OF 19th CENTURY: PRE-RAPHAELİTE BROTHERHOOD AND THEIR SYMBOLISM}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {YAŞDAĞ, Meltem} } @derleme { std292683, journal = {Sanat Tarihi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-5707}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {26}, pages = {171 - 185}, doi = {}, title = {19. YÜZYILIN SIRADIŞI SANAT HAREKETİ: PRE-RAPHAELITE KARDEŞLİĞİ VE SEMBOLİZMİ}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {YAŞDAĞ, Meltem} }
APA YAŞDAĞ, M . (2017). EXTRAORDINARY ART MOVEMENT OF 19th CENTURY: PRE-RAPHAELİTE BROTHERHOOD AND THEIR SYMBOLISM. Sanat Tarihi Dergisi, 26 (1), 171-185. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/std/issue/27682/292683
MLA YAŞDAĞ, M . "EXTRAORDINARY ART MOVEMENT OF 19th CENTURY: PRE-RAPHAELİTE BROTHERHOOD AND THEIR SYMBOLISM". Sanat Tarihi Dergisi 26 (2017): 171-185 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/std/issue/27682/292683>
Chicago YAŞDAĞ, M . "EXTRAORDINARY ART MOVEMENT OF 19th CENTURY: PRE-RAPHAELİTE BROTHERHOOD AND THEIR SYMBOLISM". Sanat Tarihi Dergisi 26 (2017): 171-185
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - 19. YÜZYILIN SIRADIŞI SANAT HAREKETİ: PRE-RAPHAELITE KARDEŞLİĞİ VE SEMBOLİZMİ AU - Dr. Meltem YAŞDAĞ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Sanat Tarihi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 171 EP - 185 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1300-5707- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
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