Yıl 2017, Cilt 26, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 45 - 52 2017-06-29

The Influence of Row Spacing and Seeding Rate on Yield and Yield Components of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)
Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi

Arzu KÖSE [1] , Özlem BİLİR [2]

175 160

In safflower production, yield is affected row spacing, seeding rate and varieties give different response to them. For this reason, determining the optimum row spacing and seeding rate for each variety is important to obtain high yields and quality. In this research was conducted          to determine the effect of row spacing and seeding rate on yield and quality traits of Balci safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) variety registrated in 2011. The experiment was conducted  at the Transitional Zone Agricultural Research Institute, Eskisehir, Türkiye using a randomized complete block split-plot design with four replicates in 2012, 2013 and 2014 growing seasons. Three different row spacing (15, 30 and 45 cm) and five different seeding rates (15, 30, 45,      60 and 75 kg ha-1) were used in experiments. Seed yield, oil content, oil yield, the number of branches per plant, the number of seed per head and 1000 seed weight were investigated in this research. As a result of this study significant effect on seed and oil yield was determined in terms of row spacing and seeding rate. It was recommended that Balci safflower variety should be sown with 30 or 45 cm row spacing with 45 kg ha-1 seeding rate to obtain the highest seed and oil yield. Especially, safflower production areas where temperature and humidity is too    high to reduce the development of diseases and provide mechanical weed control 45 cm row spacing with 45 kg ha-1 seeding rate should be used for production


Aspir üretiminde verim, sıra arası mesafe ve ekim normu uygulamalarından etkilenmekte olup çeşitlerin bu uygulamalara reaksiyonları farklıdır. Bu nedenle, her çeşit için uygun sıra arası mesafe ve ekim oranının belirlenmesi yüksek verim ve kalite açısından önem taşımaktadır. Bu çalışma, 2011 yılında tescil ettirilen Balcı aspir çeşidi için en uygun sıra arası mesafe ve ekim normunu belirlemek amacı ile yürütülmüştür. Deneme; 2012, 2013 ve 2014 yıllarında, Eskişehir Geçit Kuşağı Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü deneme tarlalarında tesadüf blokları bölünmüş parseller deneme desenine uygun olarak 4 tekerrür halinde ekilmiştir. Çalışmada 3 farklı sıra arası mesafe (15, 30 ve 45 cm) ve 5 ekim normu (15, 30, 45, 60 ve 75 kg ha-1) kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada tane verimi, yağ oranı, yağ verimi, bitkide dal sayısı, tablada tane sayısı ve 1000 tane ağırlığı değerleri incelenmiş olup, sıra arası ve ekim normu uygulamaları tane ve yağ  verimi üzerine farklı etkilerde bulunmuştur. Buna göre; Balcı aspir çeşidi için 30 veya 45 cm    sıra arası mesafe ile 45 kg ha-1 ekim normu uygulamalarının en yüksek tohum ve yağ verimi  elde etmede uygun olduğu tespit edilmiştir.Özellikle, sıcaklığın ve nemin yüksek olduğu aspir üretim alanlarında hastalık gelişimini azaltmak ve mekanik ot kontrolünü sağlamak için 45 cm sıra arası mesafe ile 45 kg ha-1 ekim normunun kullanılmalıdır.


  • Agasimani C.A., Patil R.H. and Radder G.E., 1997. Recent advances in agronomy of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) in India. Proceedings of IVth International Safflower Conference, 2-7 June 1997, Bari-Italy, pp. 77-82 Amoughin R.S., Tobeh, A. and Somarin S.J. 2012. Study on the effect of different plant density on some morphological traits and yield of safflower under irrigated and rain-fed planting conditions. International Journal of Agronomy & Plant Production, 3 (8):84-290
  • Anonymous., 2016. Statistics Database. UN FAO, Italy, http://faostat.fao.org. (Date of access: 05.08.2016)
  • Bergman J.W. and Charles R.F., 2008. Evaluation of safflower and other oil seed crops grown in the United States northern plains region for biofuels/biobased products. Proceedings of VIIth International Safflower Conference, 3-6 November 2008, Wagga Wagga, Australia, http://www.australianoilseeds.com
  • Beyyavas V., Haliloglu H., Copur O. and Yılmaz A., 2011. Determination of seed yield and yield components of some safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars, lines and populations under the semi-arid conditions. African Journal of Biotechnology,10:527-534
  • El-Lattief E.A., 2012. Evaluation of 25 Safflower genotypes for seed and oil yields under arid environment in upper Egypt. Asian Journal Crop Science, 4 (2):72-79
  • Esendal E., 1986. The effect of phosphorus, nitrogen and row-spacing on the yield and some plant characters of the Safflower. Sesame and Safflower Newsletter. 2:96-98
  • Gonzalez J.L., Schneiter A.A., Riveland, N.R. and Johnson B.L. 1994. Response of hybrid and open-pollinated safflower to plant population. Agronomy Journal, 86: 1070-1073
  • Hamza M., 2015. Influence of different plant densities on crop yield of six safflower genotypes under Egyptian newly reclaimed soils conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 8(2):168-173
  • Herdrich N., 2001. Safflower production tips. Cooperative Extension of Washington State University, Extension Bulletin, 1890
  • Jajarmi V., Azizi, M., Shadlu, A. and A.H. Omidi Tabrizi., 2008. The effect of density, variety and planting date on yield and yield components of safflower. Proceedings of VIIth International Safflower Conference, 3-6 November 2008, Wagga Wagga, http://www. australianoilseeds.com
  • Kızıl S., Tonçer, Ö. and Söğüt T., 1999. The effect of different row spacing on the yield and yield components of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) in Diyarbakır condition. III. Field Crop Congress, 15-18 October 1997, Adana,Turkey, pp. 358-362 Mohamadzadeh M., Siadat, S., Norof, M. S. and Naseri R., 2011. The Effects of planting date and row spacing on yield, yield components and associated traits in winter safflower under rain fed conditions. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences,10(2):200-206
  • Mohammadi M. and Karimizadeh R., 2013. Response of safflower to row spacing and intra-row plant distance in semi-warm dryland condition. Agriculture & Forestry, 59:147-155
  • Mundel H.H., Morrison, R.J., Blacksha, R.E., Entz, T., Roth, B.T., Gaudiel, R. and Kiehn F., 1994. Seeding-date effects on yield, quality and maturity of safflower. Canadian Journal of Plant Science,74(2):61-266
  • Omidi, A.H., 2000. A review of agro-breeding safflower researches in Iran and the world. Zeitoon. 142:14-19
  • Omidi A.H., Khazaei, H. and S. Hongbo., 2009. Variation for some important agronomic traits in 100 spring safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) genotypes. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 5:791-795
  • Omidi, A.H., Hassan, A., Khazaei, H., Monneveux, P. and F. Stoddard., 2012. Effect of cultivar and water regime on yield and yield components in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture Forestry, 17(1):10-15
  • Özel, A., Demirbilek, T., Gur, M.A. and O. Copur., 2004. Effects of different sowing date and intra row spacing on yield and some agronomic traits of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under Harran plain’s arid conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture Forestry, 28(6):413- 419
  • Öztürk, Ö., Akınerdem, F. and E. Gönülal., 1999. Effects of different sowing dates and row spacing on sed and oil yield of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). III. Field Crop Congress, 15-18 October 1997, Adana, Turkey, pp. 368-372 Rahamatalla A.B., Babiker, E. E., Krishna, A.G. and A.H. El-Tinay., 2001. Changes in fatty acids composition during seed growth and physicochemical characteristics of oil extracted from four safflower cultivars. Plant Food Human Nutrition, 56: 385–395
  • Salerea, E., 1997. Yield and quality of safflower growth and different plant population and row spacing. Field Crop Abstract, 50: 6
  • Sujatha, M., 2008. Biotecnological interventions for genetic improvement of Safflower. Proceedings of VIIth International Safflower Conference, 3-6 November 2008, Wagga Wagga, Australia, http://www.australianoil seeds.com. Sing, S.D. and M. Yusuf., 1981. Effect of water, nitrogen and row spacing on the yield and oil content of safflower. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science Abstract, 51(1):38
  • Sharif Moghaddasi, M. and A.H. Omidi., 2016. Determination of optimum row-spacing and plant density in Goldasht safflower variety. Scientific Papers, Series A. Agronomy, 8:301-306
  • Umrani, N.K. and P.G. Bhoi., 1984. Effect of plant density on growth and yield of safflower under two rainfall situations. International Journal of Agronomy, 29:282-286
  • Uslu, N., Akin, A. and M. Basi., 1997. Weed and row spacing effects on some agronomic characters of safflower spring planted. Proceedings of IVth International Safflower Conference, 2-7 June 1997, Bari, Italy, pp. 128-132
  • Yau, S. K., 2009. Seed rate effects on rainfed and irrigated safflower yield in Eastern Mediterranean. The Open Agriculture Journal, 3:32-36
  • Weiss, E.A., 2000. Safflower. Oilseed Crops, Blackwell Sci. Ltd., Victoria, Australia, pp. 93- 129
Konular Yaşam Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Arzu KÖSE
E-posta: arzukose.tr@gmail.com
Kurum: Transitional Zone Agricultural Research Institute, Eskisehir, Türkiye
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Özlem BİLİR
E-posta: arzukose.tr@gmail.com
Kurum: Trakya Agricultural Research Institute, Edirne, Türkiye
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tarbitderg323582, journal = {Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1302-4310}, address = {Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü}, year = {2017}, volume = {26}, pages = {45 - 52}, doi = {10.21566/tarbitderg.323582}, title = {Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {BİLİR, Özlem and KÖSE, Arzu} }
APA KÖSE, A , BİLİR, Ö . (2017). Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi. Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 26 (1), 45-52. DOI: 10.21566/tarbitderg.323582
MLA KÖSE, A , BİLİR, Ö . "Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi". Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 26 (2017): 45-52 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tarbitderg/issue/29989/323582>
Chicago KÖSE, A , BİLİR, Ö . "Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi". Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 26 (2017): 45-52
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi AU - Arzu KÖSE , Özlem BİLİR Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21566/tarbitderg.323582 DO - 10.21566/tarbitderg.323582 T2 - Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 45 EP - 52 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1302-4310-2146-8176 M3 - doi: 10.21566/tarbitderg.323582 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21566/tarbitderg.323582 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi %A Arzu KÖSE , Özlem BİLİR %T Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Bitkisinde Sıra Arası Mesafe ve Ekim Normunun Verim ve Verim Unsurları Üzerine Etkisi %D 2017 %J Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1302-4310-2146-8176 %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21566/tarbitderg.323582 %U 10.21566/tarbitderg.323582