Yıl 2013, Cilt 37, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 139 - 147 2014-05-18

Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume–grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period
Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume–grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period

Sebahattin ALBAYRAK [1] , Mevlüt TÜRK [2]

86 297

The aim of the present study was to determine the changes in the forage yield and quality of binary and ternary mixtures of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leys.), orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), and meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.) throughout a vegetation period. Plots were established in 2008 in Isparta, Turkey, in a randomized complete block design with 3 replicates. Four cuttings were done during the 2009 and 2010 vegetative periods. The levels of crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and relative feed value (RFV) were determined for each monoculture and mixture. The highest total dry matter yields were obtained from the alfalfa-smooth bromegrass mixture at 16.65 t ha-1 in 2009 and 16.00 t ha-1 in 2010. Red clover exhibited the lowest NDF (368 g kg-1) and ADF (256 g kg-1) concentrations compared with the other forage plants, whereas alfalfa displayed the highest CP content (181 g kg-1). The RFV of the mixtures ranged from 107 to 145, and the decrease in yield was larger for the grasses than the legumes throughout the vegetation period. The results indicated that alfalfa-smooth bromegrass, alfalfa-orchardgrass, and alfalfa-meadow fescue mixtures could make valuable legume-grass mixtures.
The aim of the present study was to determine the changes in the forage yield and quality of binary and ternary mixtures of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leys.), orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), and meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.) throughout a vegetation period. Plots were established in 2008 in Isparta, Turkey, in a randomized complete block design with 3 replicates. Four cuttings were done during the 2009 and 2010 vegetative periods. The levels of crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and relative feed value (RFV) were determined for each monoculture and mixture. The highest total dry matter yields were obtained from the alfalfa-smooth bromegrass mixture at 16.65 t ha-1 in 2009 and 16.00 t ha-1 in 2010. Red clover exhibited the lowest NDF (368 g kg-1) and ADF (256 g kg-1) concentrations compared with the other forage plants, whereas alfalfa displayed the highest CP content (181 g kg-1). The RFV of the mixtures ranged from 107 to 145, and the decrease in yield was larger for the grasses than the legumes throughout the vegetation period. The results indicated that alfalfa-smooth bromegrass, alfalfa-orchardgrass, and alfalfa-meadow fescue mixtures could make valuable legume-grass mixtures.
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Yazar: Sebahattin ALBAYRAK

Yazar: Mevlüt TÜRK

Bibtex @ { tbtkagriculture138031, journal = {Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry}, issn = {1300-011X}, eissn = {1303-6173}, address = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2014}, volume = {37}, pages = {139 - 147}, doi = {10.3906/tar-1202-73}, title = {Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume\&\#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period}, key = {cite}, author = {ALBAYRAK, Sebahattin and TÜRK, Mevlüt} }
APA ALBAYRAK, S , TÜRK, M . (2014). Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume–grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 37 (2), 139-147. DOI: 10.3906/tar-1202-73
MLA ALBAYRAK, S , TÜRK, M . "Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume&#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37 (2014): 139-147 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkagriculture/issue/11580/138031>
Chicago ALBAYRAK, S , TÜRK, M . "Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume&#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37 (2014): 139-147
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume&#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period AU - Sebahattin ALBAYRAK , Mevlüt TÜRK Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.3906/tar-1202-73 DO - 10.3906/tar-1202-73 T2 - Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 139 EP - 147 VL - 37 IS - 2 SN - 1300-011X-1303-6173 M3 - doi: 10.3906/tar-1202-73 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/tar-1202-73 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume&#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period %A Sebahattin ALBAYRAK , Mevlüt TÜRK %T Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume&#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period %D 2014 %J Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry %P 1300-011X-1303-6173 %V 37 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3906/tar-1202-73 %U 10.3906/tar-1202-73
ISNAD ALBAYRAK, Sebahattin , TÜRK, Mevlüt . "Changes in the forage yield and quality of legume&#8211;grass mixtures throughout a vegetation period". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37 / 2 (Mayıs 2014): 139-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/tar-1202-73