Yıl 2013, Cilt 37, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 179 - 187 2014-05-18

Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands
Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands

Ösmetullah ARVAS [1] , Bilal KESKİN [2] , İbrahim Hakkı YILMAZ [3]

131 153

Utilization for agriculture is one of the main disposal methods for sewage sludge. Subirrigated pastures are close to settlements and under intensive usage. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of sewage sludge on subirrigated pasture soil and plant metal concentrations, and the relationship between them. Activated sewage sludge was applied to surface grassland at 25, 50, 75, and 100 t ha-1 year-1 treatments for 2 years. The concentration of all metals in topsoil (0-20 cm) increased depending on application dosages, but only Zn concentration increased in subsoil (20-40 cm) consistently. While in the second year the concentration of topsoil diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) metals increased significantly, it decreased in the subsoil. The ratio of organic matter increased in topsoil, but decreased in subsoil compared to the control. Doses of sewage sludge of 25 and 50 t ha-1 did not increase the metal content of herbage. However, the herbage's Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd content increased at 75 and 100 t ha-1 treatments in comparison with both lower doses and the control. Similar to the soil concentration, the Zn content of herbage increased proportionally with higher sewage sludge application doses. Topsoil DTPA-extractable Zn, Cu, and Pb concentrations were correlated to herbage Zn, Cu, and Pb content significantly and positively. In subsoil, only DTPA-extractable Cu concentration was correlated to herbage Cu content significantly and negatively (r = -0.53**). A 25 t ha-1 year-1 application of sewage sludge can be recommended as an organic fertilizer in semiarid subirrigated pastures, as it increases topsoil organic matter and results in a low concentration of DTPA-extractable and plant metal content.
Utilization for agriculture is one of the main disposal methods for sewage sludge. Subirrigated pastures are close to settlements and under intensive usage. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of sewage sludge on subirrigated pasture soil and plant metal concentrations, and the relationship between them. Activated sewage sludge was applied to surface grassland at 25, 50, 75, and 100 t ha-1 year-1 treatments for 2 years. The concentration of all metals in topsoil (0-20 cm) increased depending on application dosages, but only Zn concentration increased in subsoil (20-40 cm) consistently. While in the second year the concentration of topsoil diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) metals increased significantly, it decreased in the subsoil. The ratio of organic matter increased in topsoil, but decreased in subsoil compared to the control. Doses of sewage sludge of 25 and 50 t ha-1 did not increase the metal content of herbage. However, the herbage's Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd content increased at 75 and 100 t ha-1 treatments in comparison with both lower doses and the control. Similar to the soil concentration, the Zn content of herbage increased proportionally with higher sewage sludge application doses. Topsoil DTPA-extractable Zn, Cu, and Pb concentrations were correlated to herbage Zn, Cu, and Pb content significantly and positively. In subsoil, only DTPA-extractable Cu concentration was correlated to herbage Cu content significantly and negatively (r = -0.53**). A 25 t ha-1 year-1 application of sewage sludge can be recommended as an organic fertilizer in semiarid subirrigated pastures, as it increases topsoil organic matter and results in a low concentration of DTPA-extractable and plant metal content.
  • Albiach R, Canet R, Pomares F, Ingelmo F (2001) Organic matter components, aggregate stability, and biological activity in a horticultural soil fertilized with different rates of two sewage sludges during ten years. Bioresour Technol 77: 109–114.
  • Arvas Ö (2005) The Effects of Sewage Biosolids and Chemical Fertilizer on Meadow Vegetation and Soil Properties in Van Province. PhD. Yüzüncü Yıl University, Institute of Science, pp. 45–
  • Arvas Ö, Çelebi ŞZ, Yılmaz İH (2011a) Effect of sewage sludge and synthetic fertilizer on pH, available N and P in pasture soils in semi-arid area, Turkey. Afr J Biotechnol 10: 16508–16515.
  • Arvas Ö, Çelebi ŞZ, Yılmaz İH, (2011b) The comparison of the effect of sewage sludge and chemical fertilizer on natural pasture’s yield and botanical composition. J Food Agric Environ 9: 525–530.
  • Barbarick KA, Ippolito JA, Westfall DG (1998) Extractable trace elements in the soil profile after years of biosolid application. J Environ Qual 27: 801–805.
  • Baveye P, McBride MB, Bouldin D, Hinesly TD, Dahdoh MSA, Abdel-Sabour MF (1999) Mass balance and distribution of sludge-borne trace elements in silt loam soil following longterm applications of sewage sludge. Sci Total Environ 227: 13–
  • Chaney RL (1973) Crop and food chain effects of toxic elements in sludge and effluents. In: Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Recycling Municipal Sludges and Effluents on Land, Champaign, IL, USA, pp. 129–142.
  • Council of European Communities (1986) Council Directive 86/278/ EEC of 4 July 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture. Brussels.
  • Council of European Communities (1991) Council Directive 91/271/ EEC of 21 March 1991 concerning urban wastewater treatment (amended by 98/15/EC of February 1998). Brussels.
  • Eurostat (2011) http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/.
  • Fish BE, Shank CH, Brenton CM (1995) Evaluation of soil water quality following the application of biosolids at Sierra Blanca Ranch. In: Basic and Applied Research on the Beneficial Use of Biosolids on the Sierra Blanca Ranch. Range and Wildlife Management and Plant and Soil Science Departments, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA, pp. 22–29.
  • Hillman J, Hill J, Wilkinson JM (2004) Effect of season of application on the adhesion, retention, and recontamination of herbage by potentially toxic metals and sewage sludge. Sci Total Environ 333: 283–293.
  • Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (2010) Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
  • Keramati S, Hoodaji M, Kalbasi M (2010) Effect of biosolids application on soil chemical properties and uptake of some heavy metals by Cercis siliquastrum. African J Biotech 44: 7477–7486.
  • Kidd PS, Domínguez-Rodríguez MJ, Díez J, Monterroso C (2007) Bioavailability and plant accumulation of heavy metals and phosphorus in agricultural soils amended by long-term application of sewage sludge. Chemosphere 66: 1458–1467.
  • Lindsay WL, Norvell WA (1978) Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, and copper. Soil Sci Soc Am J 42: 421–428.
  • López-Mosquera ME, Moirón C, Carral E (2000) Use of dairyindustry sludge as fertilizer for grasslands in northwest Spain: heavy metal levels in the soil and plants. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 30: 95–109.
  • Nasr FA (1997) Treatment and reuse of sewage sludge. Environmentalist 17: 109–113.
  • Neagoe A, Merten D, Iordache V, Büchel G (2009) The effect of bioremediation method involving different degrees of soil disturbance on the export of metals by leaching and plant uptake. Chemie der Erde – Geochemistry 69, Supplement 2: 57–
  • Nyamangara J, Mzezewa J (1999) The effect of long-term sewage sludge application on Zn, Cu, Ni, and Pb levels in a clay loam soil under pasture grass in Zimbabwe. Agric Ecosystem Environ 73: 199–204.
  • Planquart P, Bonin G, Prone A, Massiani C (1999) Distribution, movement, and plant availability of trace metals in soils amended with sewage sludge compost: application to low loadings. Sci Total Environ 241: 161–179.
  • Ramírez WA, Domene X, Ortiz O, Alcañiz JM (2008) Toxic effects of digested, composted, and thermally-dried sewage sludge on three plants. Bioresour Technol 99: 7168–7175.
  • Sigua GC (2009) Recycling biosolid and lake-dredged materials to pasture-based animal agriculture: alternative nutrient sources for forage productivity and sustainability. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 29: 143–160.
  • Şimşek U, Özgöz MM, Çakal Ş, Dumlu E, Sakal E (2010) The relation between the soil organic matter content and grassland quality in Çoruh Valley (Bayburt) natural grassland. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference of Soil and Root Engineering Relationship (LANDCON1005), Ardebil Province, Iran.
  • Singh RP, Agrawal M (2008) Potential benefits and risks of land application of sewage sludge. Waste Management 28: 347–358.
  • Singh RP, Agrawal M (2010) Variations in the heavy metal accumulation, growth and yield of rice plants at different sewage sludge amendment rates. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73: 632–641.
  • Sommers LE, Page AL, Logan TJ, Ryan JA (1991) Optimum use of sewage sludge on agricultural land. Western Regional Res Pub W-1 Colorado Agric. Exp. Stn., Fort Collins, CO, USA.
  • Torri S, Lavado R (2009) Plant absorption of trace elements in sludge amended soils and correlation with soil chemical speciation. J Hazard Mater 166: 1459–1465.
  • Walkley A (1947) A critical examination of a rapid method for determining organic carbon in soils: effect of variations in digestion conditions and inorganic soil constituents. Soil Sci 63: 251–264.
  • Warman PR, Termeer WC (2005) Evaluation of sewage sludge, septic waste, and sludge compost applications to corn and forage: yields and N, P, and K content of crops and soils. Bioresour Technol 96: 955–961.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ösmetullah ARVAS

Yazar: Bilal KESKİN

Yazar: İbrahim Hakkı YILMAZ

Bibtex @ { tbtkagriculture138036, journal = {Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry}, issn = {1300-011X}, eissn = {1303-6173}, address = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2014}, volume = {37}, pages = {179 - 187}, doi = {10.3906/tar-1203-3}, title = {Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands}, key = {cite}, author = {YILMAZ, İbrahim Hakkı and ARVAS, Ösmetullah and KESKİN, Bilal} }
APA ARVAS, Ö , KESKİN, B , YILMAZ, İ . (2014). Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 37 (2), 179-187. DOI: 10.3906/tar-1203-3
MLA ARVAS, Ö , KESKİN, B , YILMAZ, İ . "Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37 (2014): 179-187 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkagriculture/issue/11580/138036>
Chicago ARVAS, Ö , KESKİN, B , YILMAZ, İ . "Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37 (2014): 179-187
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands AU - Ösmetullah ARVAS , Bilal KESKİN , İbrahim Hakkı YILMAZ Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.3906/tar-1203-3 DO - 10.3906/tar-1203-3 T2 - Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 179 EP - 187 VL - 37 IS - 2 SN - 1300-011X-1303-6173 M3 - doi: 10.3906/tar-1203-3 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/tar-1203-3 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands %A Ösmetullah ARVAS , Bilal KESKİN , İbrahim Hakkı YILMAZ %T Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands %D 2014 %J Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry %P 1300-011X-1303-6173 %V 37 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3906/tar-1203-3 %U 10.3906/tar-1203-3
ISNAD ARVAS, Ösmetullah , KESKİN, Bilal , YILMAZ, İbrahim Hakkı . "Effect of sewage sludge on metal content of grassland soil and herbage in semiarid lands". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37 / 2 (Mayıs 2014): 179-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/tar-1203-3