Yıl 2011, Cilt 35, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 391 - 402 2011-04-01

Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch
Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch

Peter FERUS [1] , Silvia FERUSOVA [2] , Jan KONA [3]

145 229

In order to describe changes in water regime and production parameters caused by red polyethylene (PE) mulch in dehydrated watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) plants, as well as to define their transpiration efficiency (TE) and water use efficiency (WUE) under different temperature environments, 2 individual pot experiments (summer external experiment and autumnal greenhouse experiment) were conducted. We found that red mulch reduced leaf relative water content (RWC) fall caused by water restriction but osmotic adjustment (OA) was not responsible for this stress alleviation. A general OA was observed in the course of dehydration, possibly associated with developmental changes as amplified by exposition to high air temperatures. Mulched watermelon plants produced significantly more dry biomass (W) and leaf area (A) than plants without mulch protection. They also reached much higher transpiration rates (T) but lower evaporation rates (E). However, due to red PE mulch TE appeared below that of non-mulched plants. On the other hand, WUE corresponded with the results of recent works exclusively on black PE mulch, since it was enhanced by mulch. Cooler autumnal conditions resulted in higher RWC, W, and A, but in lower T, TE, and WUE differences between treatments. These results are discussed in context of effective water use (EUW), a new parameter arising from WUE failure in breeding for drought resistance.
In order to describe changes in water regime and production parameters caused by red polyethylene (PE) mulch in dehydrated watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) plants, as well as to define their transpiration efficiency (TE) and water use efficiency (WUE) under different temperature environments, 2 individual pot experiments (summer external experiment and autumnal greenhouse experiment) were conducted. We found that red mulch reduced leaf relative water content (RWC) fall caused by water restriction but osmotic adjustment (OA) was not responsible for this stress alleviation. A general OA was observed in the course of dehydration, possibly associated with developmental changes as amplified by exposition to high air temperatures. Mulched watermelon plants produced significantly more dry biomass (W) and leaf area (A) than plants without mulch protection. They also reached much higher transpiration rates (T) but lower evaporation rates (E). However, due to red PE mulch TE appeared below that of non-mulched plants. On the other hand, WUE corresponded with the results of recent works exclusively on black PE mulch, since it was enhanced by mulch. Cooler autumnal conditions resulted in higher RWC, W, and A, but in lower T, TE, and WUE differences between treatments. These results are discussed in context of effective water use (EUW), a new parameter arising from WUE failure in breeding for drought resistance.
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Yazar: Peter FERUS

Yazar: Silvia FERUSOVA

Yazar: Jan KONA

Bibtex @ { tbtkagriculture138161, journal = {Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry}, issn = {1300-011X}, eissn = {1303-6173}, address = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2011}, volume = {35}, pages = {391 - 402}, doi = {10.3906/sag-1110-22}, title = {Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch}, key = {cite}, author = {FERUS, Peter and FERUSOVA, Silvia and KONA, Jan} }
APA FERUS, P , FERUSOVA, S , KONA, J . (2011). Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 35 (4), 391-402. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkagriculture/issue/11590/138161
MLA FERUS, P , FERUSOVA, S , KONA, J . "Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 35 (2011): 391-402 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkagriculture/issue/11590/138161>
Chicago FERUS, P , FERUSOVA, S , KONA, J . "Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 35 (2011): 391-402
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch AU - Peter FERUS , Silvia FERUSOVA , Jan KONA Y1 - 2011 PY - 2011 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 391 EP - 402 VL - 35 IS - 4 SN - 1300-011X-1303-6173 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch %A Peter FERUS , Silvia FERUSOVA , Jan KONA %T Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch %D 2011 %J Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry %P 1300-011X-1303-6173 %V 35 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD FERUS, Peter , FERUSOVA, Silvia , KONA, Jan . "Water dynamics and productivity in dehydrated watermelon plants as modified by red polyethylene mulch". Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 35 / 4 (Nisan 2011): 391-402.