Yıl 2015, Cilt 45, Sayı 6, Sayfalar 1243 - 1250 2015-12-04

Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit
Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit

AYNUR SÜNER [1] , İLKAY KARAOĞLAN [2] , AYŞE ÖZLEM METE [3] , MUSTAFA NAMIDURU [4] , VUSLAT BOŞNAK [5] , İBRAHİM BAYDAR [6]

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Background/aim: Nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI) increases mortality rates, duration of stay in hospital, and treatment costs. This study was conducted to determine the rate and the risk factors of BSIs among intensive care unit patients. Materials and methods: Sixty-four patients with BSIs (patient group) and 79 patients without a nosocomial infection (control group) were enrolled in the study. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria were used for diagnosing BSIs. Potential risk factors were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression model. Results: The BSI development rate was 15.7% (64/407), with an incidence rate of 18.2/1000 patient days. Distribution of pathogens among BSI patients were as follows: gram-positive cocci, 42.18% (27/64); gram-negative cocci, 34.3% (22/64); and Candida spp., 23.4% (15/64). Risk factors were determined as intubation, arterial catheter, tracheostomy, duration of intubation, duration of catheter use, duration of nasogastric catheter, underlying diseases of chronic renal failure and diabetes mellitus, implemented treatments of sedation and enteral nutrition, and APACHE II score. Conclusion: BSIs are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in intensive care unit patients. Determination of the local risk factors is important and necessary for decreasing the rate of BSIs and the mortality rates.
Background/aim: Nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI) increases mortality rates, duration of stay in hospital, and treatment costs. This study was conducted to determine the rate and the risk factors of BSIs among intensive care unit patients. Materials and methods: Sixty-four patients with BSIs (patient group) and 79 patients without a nosocomial infection (control group) were enrolled in the study. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria were used for diagnosing BSIs. Potential risk factors were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression model. Results: The BSI development rate was 15.7% (64/407), with an incidence rate of 18.2/1000 patient days. Distribution of pathogens among BSI patients were as follows: gram-positive cocci, 42.18% (27/64); gram-negative cocci, 34.3% (22/64); and Candida spp., 23.4% (15/64). Risk factors were determined as intubation, arterial catheter, tracheostomy, duration of intubation, duration of catheter use, duration of nasogastric catheter, underlying diseases of chronic renal failure and diabetes mellitus, implemented treatments of sedation and enteral nutrition, and APACHE II score. Conclusion: BSIs are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in intensive care unit patients. Determination of the local risk factors is important and necessary for decreasing the rate of BSIs and the mortality rates.
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Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: AYNUR SÜNER

Yazar: İLKAY KARAOĞLAN

Yazar: AYŞE ÖZLEM METE

Yazar: MUSTAFA NAMIDURU

Yazar: VUSLAT BOŞNAK

Yazar: İBRAHİM BAYDAR

Bibtex @ { tbtkmedical149006, journal = {Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences}, issn = {1300-0144}, eissn = {1303-6165}, address = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2015}, volume = {45}, pages = {1243 - 1250}, doi = {}, title = {Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit}, key = {cite}, author = {KARAOĞLAN, İLKAY and BAYDAR, İBRAHİM and BOŞNAK, VUSLAT and NAMIDURU, MUSTAFA and METE, AYŞE ÖZLEM and SÜNER, AYNUR} }
APA SÜNER, A , KARAOĞLAN, İ , METE, A , NAMIDURU, M , BOŞNAK, V , BAYDAR, İ . (2015). Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, 45 (6), 1243-1250. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkmedical/issue/12391/149006
MLA SÜNER, A , KARAOĞLAN, İ , METE, A , NAMIDURU, M , BOŞNAK, V , BAYDAR, İ . "Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit". Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 45 (2015): 1243-1250 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkmedical/issue/12391/149006>
Chicago SÜNER, A , KARAOĞLAN, İ , METE, A , NAMIDURU, M , BOŞNAK, V , BAYDAR, İ . "Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit". Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 45 (2015): 1243-1250
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit AU - AYNUR SÜNER , İLKAY KARAOĞLAN , AYŞE ÖZLEM METE , MUSTAFA NAMIDURU , VUSLAT BOŞNAK , İBRAHİM BAYDAR Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1243 EP - 1250 VL - 45 IS - 6 SN - 1300-0144-1303-6165 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit %A AYNUR SÜNER , İLKAY KARAOĞLAN , AYŞE ÖZLEM METE , MUSTAFA NAMIDURU , VUSLAT BOŞNAK , İBRAHİM BAYDAR %T Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit %D 2015 %J Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences %P 1300-0144-1303-6165 %V 45 %N 6 %R %U
ISNAD SÜNER, AYNUR , KARAOĞLAN, İLKAY , METE, AYŞE ÖZLEM , NAMIDURU, MUSTAFA , BOŞNAK, VUSLAT , BAYDAR, İBRAHİM . "Assessment of bloodstream infections and risk factors in an intensive care unit". Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 45 / 6 (Aralık 2015): 1243-1250.