Yıl 2015, Cilt 45, Sayı 6, Sayfalar 1353 - 1359 2015-12-04

Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly
Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly

AYFER ŞAHİN [1] , OĞUZ TEKİN [2] , SEVSEN CEBECİ [3] , BÜNYAMİN IŞIK [4] , ADEM ÖZKARA [5] , RABİA KAHVECİ [6] , METİN CANBAL [7] , ŞEYDA KUNT [8] , İRFAN ŞENCAN [9]

181 480

Background/aim: In order to determine elderly people's capabilities in daily activities, we evaluated the factors that may affect their daily instrumental activities. Materials and methods: We performed an observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study on 101 patients above 60 years of age in 2008 and 2009. We applied the Lawton Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) scale, the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE), and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) during one-on-one interviews with the patients. Demographic data and disability levels were also recorded. These data were used to evaluate the possible effects of factors on the IADL scale. Results: Statistical analyses indicated that total scores of instrumental activities are affected negatively by increased age, female sex, and literacy (P < 0.001, P = 0.005, and P = 0.021), whereas scores are affected positively by educational level (P = 0.047). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that increased age, sex, literacy, and education levels influence elderly people's daily instrumental activities. Daily functional activities and factors influencing these activities should be determined in order to increase elderly people's quality of life and independence. It is important to evaluate elderly people's capabilities in daily activities.
Background/aim: In order to determine elderly people's capabilities in daily activities, we evaluated the factors that may affect their daily instrumental activities. Materials and methods: We performed an observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study on 101 patients above 60 years of age in 2008 and 2009. We applied the Lawton Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) scale, the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE), and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) during one-on-one interviews with the patients. Demographic data and disability levels were also recorded. These data were used to evaluate the possible effects of factors on the IADL scale. Results: Statistical analyses indicated that total scores of instrumental activities are affected negatively by increased age, female sex, and literacy (P < 0.001, P = 0.005, and P = 0.021), whereas scores are affected positively by educational level (P = 0.047). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that increased age, sex, literacy, and education levels influence elderly people's daily instrumental activities. Daily functional activities and factors influencing these activities should be determined in order to increase elderly people's quality of life and independence. It is important to evaluate elderly people's capabilities in daily activities.
  • Miller KE, Zylstra RG, Standridge JB. The geriatric patient: a systematic approach to maintaining health. Am Fam Physician 2000; 61: 1089–1104.
  • Çiftçili S, Ünalan P. Yaşlılarda fonksiyonel kayıplara yaklaşım. Türk Geriatri Derg 2006; 9: 122–125 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Şencan İ, Canbal M, Tekin O, Işık B. Fall injuries in the elderly people as a public health problem. Yeni Tıp Dergisi 2011; 28: 79–82 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Canbal M, Şencan İ, Şahin A, Kunt Ş, Çavuş UY, Tekin O. Effects of depression and life factors on social network score in elderly people in Çankaya, Ankara. Turk J Med Sci 2012; 42: 725–731.
  • Şahbaz M, Tel H. Determination of the relationship between the dependence status on daily living activities and home accidents among 65 years of age and older individuals living at. Türk Geriatri Derg 2006; 9: 85–93 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Yardımcı AE. The Correlation of the Health Problems of the Elderly Teachers who live in İstanbul with Their Daily Life Activities and Instrumental Activities of Daily Life. İstanbul, Turkey: İstanbul University Faculty of Medicine; 1995.
  • Berberoğlu U, Gül H, Eskiocak M, Ekuklu G, Saltık A. Some socio-demographic specialities and daily activities of the elderly people according to the Katz Index who live in Edirne rest house. Türk Geriatri Derg 2002; 5: 144–149 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Beland F, Zunzunegui MV. Predictors of functional status in older people living at home. Age Ageing 1999; 28: 153–159.
  • Gülbayrak C, Açık Y, Oğuzöncül AF, Deveciİ E, Ozan AT. Evaluation of cost and frequency of patients with chronic diseases admitted to Yenimahalle training and research health department. Eurasian J Med 2003; 35: 7–12.
  • Licht-Strunk E, van der Kooij KG, van Schaik DJ, van Marwijk HW, van Hout HP, de Haan M, Beekman AT. Prevalence of depression in older patients consulting their general practitioner in the Netherlands. Int J Geriatr Psych 2005; 20: 1013–1019.
  • Dişçigil G, Gemalmaz A, Başak O, Gürel FS, Tekin N. Depression in geriatric age group in a primary care setting. Türk Geriatri Derg 2004; 8: 129–133 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Ostbye T, Kristjansson B, Hill G, Newman SC, Brouwer RN, McDowell I. Prevalence and predictors of depression in elderly Canadians: The Canadian Study of Health and Aging. Chronic Dis Can 2005; 26: 93–99.
  • Türk Toraks Derneği. Türk Toraks Derneği Kronik Obstrüktif Akciğer Hastalığı Tanı ve Tedavi Uzlaşı Raporu. İç ve Dış Ortam Hava Kirliliği. İstanbul, Turkey: Türk Toraks Derneği; 2010.
  • Ersöz M, Yankıoğlu İ, Ergün S. The evaluation of the functional knee pain assessment methods in knee osteoarthritis patients. Türk Geriatri Derg 2001; 4: 69–72 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Graciani A, Banegas JR, Lopez-Garcia E, Rodriguez-Artalejo F. Prevalence of disability and associated social and health- related factors among the elderly in Spain: a population-based study. Maturitas 2004; 48: 381–392.
  • Jordan J, Luta G, Renner J, Dragomir A, Hochberg M, Fryer J. Knee pain and knee osteoarthritis severity in self-reported task specific disability: the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project. J Rheumatol 1997; 24: 1344–1349.
  • Aktürk Z, Şahin EM, Dağdeviren N, Özer C, editors. Türkçeleştirilmiş geriatrik depresyon skalasının iç güvenilirlik analizi. In: 5. Aile Hekimliği Kongresi 2002; Adana, Turkey (in Turkish).
  • Brink TL, Yesavage JA, Lum O, Heersema PH, Adey M, Rose TS. Screening tests for geriatric depression. Clinical Gerontologist 1982; 1: 37–43.
  • Sağduyu A. The Geriatric Depression Scale: A reliability and validity study in comparison with Hamilton Rating Scale for depression. Türk Psikiyatr Derg 1997; 8: 3–8 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Abrams WB, Beers MH, Berkow R, Fletcher AJ. The Merck Manual of Geriatrics. Kenilworth, NJ, USA: Merck Research Laboratories; 1995.
  • Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. Mini-mental state. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatric Res 1975; 12: 189–198.
  • Aydın Z, Ersoy İ, Baştürk A, Kutlucan A, Göksu S, Güngör G, Tamer MN. Determinants of limitation in activities of daily living in community dwelling elderly. Geriatri ve Geriatrik Nöropsikiyatri 2009; 1: 9–18 (in Turkish with abstract in English).
  • Peters R, Beckett N, Beardmore R, Pena-Miller R, Rockwood K, Mitnitski A, Mt-Isa S, Bulpitt C. Modelling cognitive decline in the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial [HYVET] and proposed risk tables for population use. PLoS One 2010; 5: e11775.
  • Ng TP, Niti M, Chiam PC, Kua EH. Physical and cognitive domains of the instrumental activities of daily living: validation in a multiethnic population of Asian older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2006; 61: 726–735.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: AYFER ŞAHİN

Yazar: OĞUZ TEKİN

Yazar: SEVSEN CEBECİ

Yazar: BÜNYAMİN IŞIK

Yazar: ADEM ÖZKARA

Yazar: RABİA KAHVECİ

Yazar: METİN CANBAL

Yazar: ŞEYDA KUNT

Yazar: İRFAN ŞENCAN

Bibtex @ { tbtkmedical149023, journal = {Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences}, issn = {1300-0144}, eissn = {1303-6165}, address = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2015}, volume = {45}, pages = {1353 - 1359}, doi = {}, title = {Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly}, key = {cite}, author = {KUNT, ŞEYDA and ŞENCAN, İRFAN and CEBECİ, SEVSEN and KAHVECİ, RABİA and TEKİN, OĞUZ and CANBAL, METİN and IŞIK, BÜNYAMİN and ŞAHİN, AYFER and ÖZKARA, ADEM} }
APA ŞAHİN, A , TEKİN, O , CEBECİ, S , IŞIK, B , ÖZKARA, A , KAHVECİ, R , CANBAL, M , KUNT, Ş , ŞENCAN, İ . (2015). Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, 45 (6), 1353-1359. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkmedical/issue/12391/149023
MLA ŞAHİN, A , TEKİN, O , CEBECİ, S , IŞIK, B , ÖZKARA, A , KAHVECİ, R , CANBAL, M , KUNT, Ş , ŞENCAN, İ . "Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly". Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 45 (2015): 1353-1359 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tbtkmedical/issue/12391/149023>
Chicago ŞAHİN, A , TEKİN, O , CEBECİ, S , IŞIK, B , ÖZKARA, A , KAHVECİ, R , CANBAL, M , KUNT, Ş , ŞENCAN, İ . "Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly". Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 45 (2015): 1353-1359
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly AU - AYFER ŞAHİN , OĞUZ TEKİN , SEVSEN CEBECİ , BÜNYAMİN IŞIK , ADEM ÖZKARA , RABİA KAHVECİ , METİN CANBAL , ŞEYDA KUNT , İRFAN ŞENCAN Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1353 EP - 1359 VL - 45 IS - 6 SN - 1300-0144-1303-6165 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly %A AYFER ŞAHİN , OĞUZ TEKİN , SEVSEN CEBECİ , BÜNYAMİN IŞIK , ADEM ÖZKARA , RABİA KAHVECİ , METİN CANBAL , ŞEYDA KUNT , İRFAN ŞENCAN %T Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly %D 2015 %J Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences %P 1300-0144-1303-6165 %V 45 %N 6 %R %U
ISNAD ŞAHİN, AYFER , TEKİN, OĞUZ , CEBECİ, SEVSEN , IŞIK, BÜNYAMİN , ÖZKARA, ADEM , KAHVECİ, RABİA , CANBAL, METİN , KUNT, ŞEYDA , ŞENCAN, İRFAN . "Factors affecting daily instrumental activities of the elderly". Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences 45 / 6 (Aralık 2015): 1353-1359.