Yıl 2018, Cilt 17, Sayı 51, Sayfalar 33 - 46 2018-04-30

Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir?
Volunteer simulated patients: what does motivate them and what are their needs?

Tamer Edirne [1] , Serdar Özdemir [2] , Cüneyt O. Kara [3]

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Amaç

Kaynakların kısıtlı olduğu kurumlarda gönüllü simüle hastaların çalışma nedenlerinin ve psikolojik ihtiyaçlarının belirlenmesi, bu grubun ücretsiz olarak desteğini sürdürmek açısından faydalı olabilir. Bu çalışmada, Temel İnsan İhtiyaç Teorisini kullanarak, simüle hastaların neden gönüllü olarak simulasyon eğitimine katıldıklarını araştırmayı amaçladık.   

Gereç ve yöntem

Kalitatif araştırma yöntemi kullanarak dokuz simüle hasta ile derinlemesine görüşme yaptık. Görüşmeler içerik analizi ilkelerine göre kayıt altınaalında ve analiz edildi. Simüle hastaların tıp eğitimine neden gönüllü olarak destek verdiklerini anlamak için Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisi kuramsal çerçeve olarak kullanıldı. 

Bulgular

Bu çalışmada simüle hastaların genital muayeneden çekindiklerini, bir gruba ait olmayı sevdiklerini, tıp öğrencilerinin eğitiminden sorumluluk duyduklarını, ihtiyaç duyulmayı ve kabul edilmeyi takdir ettiklerini ve iyi performans kaygısı taşıdıklarını saptadık.

Sonuç

Bu çalışmada gönüllü simüle hastaların ihtiyaçları ile ilgili teoriye dayalı bulgular sunulmuştur. Gönüllü simüle hastaların ihtiyaçlarını nasıl karşılarız sorusu evrensel bireysel ihtiyaçların karşılanmasını açıklayan Temel İnsan İhtiyaç Modelinin uygulanması ile cevaplanabilir. Simüle hastalar açısından kendini güvende hissetmek, ihtiyaç duyulduğunu ve değer verildiğini görmek, onların mutlu olmaları sağlayarak çalışma isteklerini artırabilir ve desteklerinin sürmesi sağlayabilir.

Background and aims

Revealing the motivational drives and psychological needs of voluntary simulated patients, especially in institutions were resources are deficient, could help to promote a sustainable reserve without a need for remuneration. We aimed to explore the reasons why simulated patients participate in simulated education voluntarily using the concept of Basic Human Needs Theory.

Material and methods

We chose a qualitative method, in which in-depth interviews were performed with nine simulated patients. Interviews were recorded and analyzed according to the principles of content analysis. We suggest Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs as a conceptual framework for understanding what makes simulated patients contribute voluntarily in medical education.

Results

We identified that simulated patients are anxious about genital examination, enjoy being part of a group, feel responsible for educating medical students, appreciate to be needed and accepted and worry about good performance.

Conclusions

We present findings from a theory-driven evaluation of volunteer simulated patients’ needs. The question how to satisfy the needs of volunteer simulated patients may be answered by applying the basic human needs model which offers a means for understanding these encounters in terms of global individual needs. To make the simulated patient feel safe, needed and valued could possibly result in happiness and enhanced motivation and provide sustainability of participation. 

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri
Yayımlanma Tarihi 51
Dergi Bölümü Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Yazar: Tamer Edirne
Kurum: Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Aile Hekimliği Anabilim Dalı
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Serdar Özdemir
Kurum: Yeditepe Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıp Eğitimi AD
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Cüneyt O. Kara
Kurum: Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Anabilim Dalı
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ted346671, journal = {Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası}, issn = {1303-328X}, address = {Tıp Eğitimini Geliştirme Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {17}, pages = {33 - 46}, doi = {10.25282/ted.346671}, title = {Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir?}, key = {cite}, author = {Edirne, Tamer and Özdemir, Serdar and Kara, Cüneyt O.} }
APA Edirne, T , Özdemir, S , Kara, C . (2018). Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir?. Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası, 17 (51), 33-46. DOI: 10.25282/ted.346671
MLA Edirne, T , Özdemir, S , Kara, C . "Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir?". Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası 17 (2018): 33-46 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ted/issue/36889/346671>
Chicago Edirne, T , Özdemir, S , Kara, C . "Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir?". Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası 17 (2018): 33-46
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir? AU - Tamer Edirne , Serdar Özdemir , Cüneyt O. Kara Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.25282/ted.346671 DO - 10.25282/ted.346671 T2 - Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 33 EP - 46 VL - 17 IS - 51 SN - 1303-328X- M3 - doi: 10.25282/ted.346671 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.25282/ted.346671 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir? %A Tamer Edirne , Serdar Özdemir , Cüneyt O. Kara %T Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir? %D 2018 %J Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası %P 1303-328X- %V 17 %N 51 %R doi: 10.25282/ted.346671 %U 10.25282/ted.346671
ISNAD Edirne, Tamer , Özdemir, Serdar , Kara, Cüneyt O. . "Simüle hastalar: onları ne motive eder ve ihtiyaçları nedir?". Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası 17 / 51 (Nisan 2018): 33-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.25282/ted.346671