Cilt 16, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 212 - 237 2015-02-27

Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL

Shaista MAJID [1] , Adeela RAZZAK [2]

211 226

This study was conducted to designing a model of vocational training programs for disables. For this purpose desk review was carried out and the vocational training models/programs of Israel, U.K., Vietnam, Japan and Thailand were analyzed to form a conceptual frame work of the model. Keeping in view the local conditions/requirements a model of vocational training program was proposed. The proposed model involved the vocational training plan for the job of cashier for mild group, receptionist for moderate and computer operator for severe group. It specified the type of disability as well involved in the training plan. The model recommended the vocational training of three levels of disability; mild, moderate and severe irrespective to the type. The model consisted of details of structure, objectives, professional support involved, vocational training plan and syllabus/activities, evaluation and on job training etc. International practices regarding VT mixed with the national existing situations were critically analyzed during desk review and finally a plan of VT for disables was proposed. A survey was conducted via a questionnaire to get opinion of the heads and senior vocational instructors of Federal Government vocational training and rehabilitation centers for PWDs. The collected data was statistically analyzed to quantify the suggestions on proposed model. The major findings included that all stakeholders considered VT helpful in rehabilitation of PWDs. All heads and vocational instructors are willing to adopt this model, minimum or no extra funds are needed in its implementation, the vocational teacher employed in the centers can easily manage to adopt this model at their centers because no extra training is required for the staff and they all endorse the VT plan proposed in this model. A vocational training model is required to reduce socio-economic gap and to set professional standards by developing human resources trained in trades. The syllabus, activities and methodology proposed for the vocational training of the students at special education centers for the disables was agreed upon by the experts. It was recommended that vocational training model on various jobs for specific disabilities may be developed. Vocational training model for after school youth may also be developed on similar pattern. It was recommended that vocational training must be implemented through ODL for the training of PWDs in acquiring vocational skills if there is no vocational skill training teacher or resources available at the centers. In this way a large number of individuals who are taking education at special education centers and institutions can take benefits from VET programs at a time with minimal cost provided at their door steps or at institutions.
Disable persons, vocational training, rehabilitation, ODL, model on specific jobs for disable.
  • Ahmed, M. Khan, A. & Naseem, F. (2011). Policies for Special Persons, Analysis of Policy
  • Implementation. Pakistan: Berkeley Journal of Social Sciences. Albu, M. (2005). Economic Empowerment of Disabled People. Uganda: APT Enterprise Development.
  • Awan, M. (2005). Country Paper Presented in Asia Pacific International Seminar on Special Education. Pakistan:
  • CEDEFOP, (2010). Learning Outcome Approaches in VET Curricula. Europe: Luxembourg Publications office.
  • CEDEFOP, Research Paper. (2011). The Benefits of Vocational Education and Training.
  • Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Cobb, B. (1999). Meeting the Needs of Youth with Disabilities. Minnesota: The National
  • Transition Network Institute on community Integration.Defense of the Disabled People’s Right. Government of Pakistan. (2002). National Policy for Persons with Disabilities Islamabad: Ministry of Health. Special Education and Social Welfare.
  • Harvey, M. (2001). The Efficacy of Vocational Education for Students with Disabilities
  • Concerning Post Employment Outcomes. Pennsylvania: Great Valley Graduate School. King, G. Baldwin, P. Curie, M. & Evans, J. (2005). Planning Successful Transitions From School to Adult Roles for Youth with Disabilities. Canada: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Kombe, A. (2001). Technical education and vocational training as a tool for of sustainable
  • Development Theme: distance education to achieve education and training for all, Paper presented by Chief tevet officer Ministry of science technology and vocational training. Kousar, F. (2007). Learning Patterns and Synthetic Methods for Vocational Training of Special
  • Persons. Islamabad: Allama Iqbal Open University. Levinson, E. & Palmer, E. (2005). Preparing Students With Disabilities for School to Work
  • Transition and Post School Life. Indiana: Association of School Psychologists. Mapping Report, (2008). Vocational Training and Employment for People with Disabilities.
  • Vietnam: International Labor Organization. Murray, B. (1998). Vocational Training of Disabled Persons, a Challenge to Policy makers.
  • Thailand: Cornell University ILR School. Muscan, M. & Hamburg, I. (2007). Vocational Training and Work force. Japan: League for the Nathanson, R. Simanovsky, N., & Levy, R. (2010). Proposal for a Vocational Training Model. Israel:
  • Macro Center for Political Economics. Outcomes and Recommendations (draft) (8-10 February, 2006). International Conference
  • Vocational Education and Training through Open Schooling Organised by National Institute of Open Schooling, India and Commonwealth of Learning, Canada, Kovalam, Kerala, India Prasai, M. (2010). Relevant Vocational Trainings for the Persons with Disabilities. Nepal:
  • Resource Centre for Rehabilitation and Development. Rehabilitation (2010). History of Vocational Rehabilitation. Retrieved from www.mhtml:file://H:/his2.mht, accessed on September 26, 2012.
  • Sajjad, S. (2004). The Status of Vocational Training Programs for the Disabled Person.
  • Pakistan: University of Karachi. Sajjad, S. Farooq, M. & Khurram, M. (2010). Pre-Vocational and Vocational Training Programs for the Persons with Disabilities. Karachi, Pakistan: IDOSI Publications.
  • Stevens, G. (August 2001). Distance learning For Technical and vocational education
  • In Sub-sahara africa: Challenges and opportunities,afth4 the world bank (africa) Tines, J. & Buzducea, D. (2009). Transition Towards an Inclusive future. Europe & Eurasia:
  • Social Transition Series. Tinkew, J. & Redd, Z. (2001). Logic Models and Outcomes for Youth Entreneurship Programs.
  • Children and Youth Investment Trust Corporation. True, M. (2001). Never Too Early for Pre-Vocational Skills Training. Independent Life Resources.
  • Walker, S. (2010). Vocational Education and Training-At The Heart of Supported Employment
  • Practice. U.K. City & Guilds Centre for Skills Development. Zambia, (2007). Strategies for Skills Acquisition and Work for Persons with Disabilities. South
  • Africa: ILO Skills and Employability. Zhao, C. Rowe, W. Kamioka, N. & Hegarty, B. (2012). Enhancing IT Vocational Training and Employment Opportunities for young. Vietnamese: Catholic Relief Services.
  • Zielke, D. (2005). Vocational Training Preparation-A New Concept of Vocational Preparation for
  • Learning Impaired and Socially Disadvantaged Young People. BiBB Public Employment services.
Birincil Dil en
Dergi Bölümü Articles

Yazar: Shaista MAJID

Yazar: Adeela RAZZAK

Bibtex @ { tojde175922, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {16}, pages = {212 - 237}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.53238}, title = {Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {MAJID, Shaista and RAZZAK, Adeela} }
APA MAJID, S , RAZZAK, A . (2015). Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 16 (1), 212-237. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.53238
MLA MAJID, S , RAZZAK, A . "Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 16 (2015): 212-237 <>
Chicago MAJID, S , RAZZAK, A . "Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 16 (2015): 212-237
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL AU - Shaista MAJID , Adeela RAZZAK Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.53238 DO - 10.17718/tojde.53238 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 212 EP - 237 VL - 16 IS - 1 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.53238 UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL %A Shaista MAJID , Adeela RAZZAK %T Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL %D 2015 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 16 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.53238 %U 10.17718/tojde.53238