Cilt 17, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 0 - 0 2016-10-19

DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX

Glenn J. FORTE [1] , David R. SCHWANDT [2] , Susan SWAYZE [3] , Joan BUTLER [4] , Merrill ASHCRAFT [5]

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Over the last several years distance education (DE) class offerings at U.S. universities and colleges have been increasing at a rate of approximately 10% or more per year (Allen & Seaman, 2014). While the effectiveness of DE classes vis-à-vis that of face-to-face (F2F) classes has been sufficiently documented, there are few studies that compare student evaluations of the two class delivery systems. Therefore, we sought to answer the question, is there a significant difference between student evaluations of the Teaching Methods and Styles (TM&S) of DE and F2F classes as measured on a student completed class and instructor survey, examined through the lens of Moore’s Transactional Distance Theory (TDT) constructs of student autonomy, dialogue and structure (1997, 2010, 2012)? Moore maintains that Transactional Distance (TD) is a psychological and pedagogical separation of student and instructor, as well as a geographical one. The twenty TM&S questions included in the survey data for 765 classes offered from September 6, 2011 to December 19, 2013 were collected and analyzed for classes identified as SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology through SOC 340 Applied Research in the Behavioral Sciences that are offered by the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences at a Mid-Atlantic Open University. A t-test analysis of variance was conducted and analyzed. The results of the study indicate that 16 of the 20 TM&S questions returned statistically significant results, 3 of 4 for student autonomy, 8 of 10 for dialogue and 5 of 6 for structure. Three of the TDT construct dialogue/interaction questions and two of the TDT construct structure questions returned medium effect size magnitudes. Three of the TM&S questions associated with the TDT construct autonomy returned statistically significant results with low effect size magnitudes. Based on the results of the study, we have concluded that psychological and pedagogical separation, or TD between student and instructor is reduced when the DE course structure encourages and requires increased dialogue and interaction. 
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Yazarlar

Yazar: Glenn J. FORTE
E-posta: glenn.j.forte@wilmu.edu

Yazar: David R. SCHWANDT
E-posta: schwandt@gwu.edu

Yazar: Susan SWAYZE
E-posta: swayze@gwu.edu

Yazar: Joan BUTLER
E-posta: jbutler@gwu.edu

Yazar: Merrill ASHCRAFT
E-posta: jmashcraft@verizon.net

Bibtex @ { tojde256256, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu Üniversitesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {17}, pages = {0 - 0}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.95102}, title = {DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {SWAYZE, Susan and ASHCRAFT, Merrill and BUTLER, Joan and J. FORTE, Glenn and R. SCHWANDT, David} }
APA J. FORTE, G , R. SCHWANDT, D , SWAYZE, S , BUTLER, J , ASHCRAFT, M . (2016). DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 17 (3), 0-0. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.95102
MLA J. FORTE, G , R. SCHWANDT, D , SWAYZE, S , BUTLER, J , ASHCRAFT, M . "DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 17 (2016): 0-0 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tojde/issue/24146/256256>
Chicago J. FORTE, G , R. SCHWANDT, D , SWAYZE, S , BUTLER, J , ASHCRAFT, M . "DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 17 (2016): 0-0
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX AU - Glenn J. FORTE , David R. SCHWANDT , Susan SWAYZE , Joan BUTLER , Merrill ASHCRAFT Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.95102 DO - 10.17718/tojde.95102 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - 0 VL - 17 IS - 3 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.95102 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17718/tojde.95102 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX %A Glenn J. FORTE , David R. SCHWANDT , Susan SWAYZE , Joan BUTLER , Merrill ASHCRAFT %T DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE U.S.: A PARADOX %D 2016 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 17 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.95102 %U 10.17718/tojde.95102