Yıl 2018, Cilt 19, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 147 - 162 2018-01-01

The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education

Duygu Saniye OZTURK [1] , Faruk OZTURK [2] , Rasit OZEN [3]

60 37

Distance education is a kind of education in which learner and teacher communicate through a means either simultaneously or at different times being present in different places. In this study, it is aimed to determine the prospective teachers’ readiness and satisfaction levels after the procedure related with the courses which they take through distance education. Correlational study model is used in the study. The study was conducted with 261 undergraduate students who took some of the courses distantly in diverse undergraduate programs in the faculty of education at Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey and 232 students of pedagogical formation in the same faculty. The participants of the study consisted of 493 prospective teachers. In the study, “e-Readiness Scale” and “e-Satisfaction Scale” were used as data collection tools. As a result, the levels of readiness and satisfaction from web based distance education of prospective teachers was found to be above the mean score. Readiness levels according to the sub dimensions of the Readiness Scale were generally positive; however, prospective teachers thought that they were equipped in the subjects including the sub dimensions of “technical skills” and “factors that affect success”. It was determined that prospective teachers were generally satisfied with the subjects related to all the sub dimensions of the Satisfaction Scale. It was revealed that there was a meaningful relationship between readiness and satisfaction levels. The readiness and satisfaction levels of the prospective teachers having pedagogical formation education were higher when compared to those of the prospective teachers of education faculty. The department having the highest readiness and satisfaction levels was History-Geography department.

Web-based distance education, e-readiness, e-satisfaction, online learning, prospective teacher
  • Adnan, M., Kalelioglu, F. & Gulbahar, Y. (2017). Assessment of a multinational online faculty development program on online teaching: Reflections of candidate etutors. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, 18(1), 22-38. Altiparmak, K., Kurt, İ. D. & Kapidere, M. (2011). E-learning and open source code management systems in education. Akademik Bilisim’11 - XIII. Akademik Bilisim Konferansı Bildirileri, Inonu Universitesi, Malatya. Retrieved February, 19, 2016 from http://ab.org.tr/ab11/kitap/altiparmak_kurt_AB11.pdf Ates, A. & Altun, E. (2008). Investigating preservice computer teachers’ attitudes towards distance learning regarding various variables. GU,Gazi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 28(3), 125-145. Aykac, N. (2014). Ogretim Ilke ve Yontemleri [Teaching Principles and Methods]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi. Baris, M. F. (2015). Analyzing the university students' attitudes towards distance education: Namık Kemal University case study. Sakarya University Journal Of Education, 5(2), 36-46. Bicen, H., Ozdamli, F. & Uzunboylu, H. (2014). Online and blended learning approach on instructional multimedia development courses in teacher education. Interactive Learning Environments, 22(4), 529-548. 160 Bof, A. M. (2004). Distance learning for teacher training in Brazil. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 5(1), 1-14. Borotis, S. A. & Poulymenakou , A. (2004). E-learning readiness components: Key issues to consider before adopting e-learning interventions. Proceedings of World Conference on e-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, (pp.1622-1629). Washington, DC, USA. Brinkerrhoff, J. & Koroghlanian, C. M. (2007). Online students’ expectations: Enhancing the fit between online students and course design. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 36(4), 383-393. Cakir, H. & Horzum, M. B. (2015). The examination of the readiness levels of teacher candidates for online learning in terms of various variables. Journal of Theory and Practice in Education, 11(1), 1-15. Calli, L., Balcikanli, C., Calli, F., Cebeci, H. I. & Seymen, O. F. (2013). Identifying factors that contribute
to the satisfaction of students in e-learning. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, 14(1), 85-101. Cole, M. T., Shelley, D. J. & Swartz, L. B. (2014). Online instruction, e-Learning, and student satisfaction: A three year study. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(6), 111-131. Davis, N. (2010). Technology in preservice teacher education. In P. Peterson, E. Baker, & B. McGaw, (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education 8, (pp. 217–221). Oxford: Elsevier. Demir, O. & Yurdugul, H. (2015). The exploration of models regarding e-learning readiness: Reference model suggestions. International Journal of Progressive Education, 11(1), 173-194. Deveci Topal, A. (2016). Examination of university students’ level of satisfaction and readiness for e-courses and the relationship between them. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 15(1), 7-23. Downing, J. J. & Dyment, J. E. (2013). Teacher educators’ readiness, preparation and perceptions of preparing preservice teachers in a fully online environment: An exploratory study. The Teacher Educator, 48(2), 96–109. Fayne, H. R. (2014). Preparing preservice teachers in a virtual space: A case study of a literacy methods course. The Teacher Educator, 49(4), 305–316. Fraenkel , R. J. & Wallen, N. E.(2006). How to design and evaluate research in education, New York: McGraw-Hill Companiesn Inc. Gelisli, Y. (2015). Practices of Distance Education for teacher training: History and Development. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching. 4(3), 313-321. Gunawardena, C. N. & Duphorne, P. L. (2001, April). Which learner readiness factors, online features, and environments. CMC related learning approaches are associated with learner satisfaction in computer conferences? Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Seattle, WA. Gulbahar, Y. (2012). Study of developing scales for assessment of the levels of readiness and satisfaction of participants in e-learning. Ankara University, Journal of Educational Sciences, 45(2), 119- 137. He, W., Xu, G. & Kruck, S. E. (2014). Online IS education for the 21st Century. Journal of Information Systems Education, 25(2), 101-105. Horzum, B. (2003). Ogretim elemanlarinin internet destekli egitime yonelik dusunceleri: Sakarya Universitesi ornegi [Opinions of instructors towards internet supported education:Sakarya University Case Study]. (Master's dissertation). Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey. 161 Hsu, S. & Bruce, B. C. (1998). The missing borders: pedagogial reflections from distance education. Teaching Education, 10(1), 47-54. Retrieved May 05, 2016 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1047621980100108. Ibrahim, D, Z., Silong, A. D & Samah, B. A. (2002). Readiness and attitude towards online learning among virtual students. Paper Presented at the 15Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities, 21- 23 Feb. New Delhi, India Ilgaz, H. & Gulbahar, Y. (2015). A Snapshot of online learners: e-readiness, e-satisfaction and expectations. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 16(2), 171-187. Kalelioglu, F. & Baturay, M. H. (2014). Adaptation of e-learning readiness self-assessment instrument to: The validity and reliability study. Baskent University Journal of Education, 1(2), 22-30. Kaur, K. & Abas, Z. W. (2004). An assessment of e-learning readiness at the Open University Malaysia. International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE2004), Melbourne, Australia. Retrieved May, 28, 2016 from http://library.oum.edu.my/repository/115/1/an_assessment.pdf Keengwe, J. & Kang, J. J. (2013). A review of empirical research on blended learning in teacher education programs. Education and Information Technologies, 18,479–493. Kennedy , K., Cavanaugh, C. & Dawson, K. (2013). University of Florida Preservice teachers' experience in a virtual school. American Journal of Distance Education, 27(1), 56-67. Kirmizi, O. (2015). The influence of learner readiness on student satisfaction and academic achievement in an online program at higher education. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 14(1), 133-142. Korkmaz, O., Cakir, R. & Tan, S. (2015). Ogrencilerin E-ogrenmeye Hazır Bulunusluk ve Memnuniyet Duzeylerinin Akademik Basarıya Etkisi [Students E-learning Readiness and Satisfaction Levels and Effects on the Academic Achievement]. Ahi Evran Universitesi Kırsehir Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi (KEFAD), 16(3), 219-241. Kramer, B. J., Neugebauer, J., Magenheim, J & Huppertz, H. (2015). New ways of learning: Comparing the effectiveness of interactive online media in distance education with the European textbook tradition. British Journal of Educational Technology, 46(5), 965–971. doi:10.1111/bjet.12301. Lee, K. S. (2009). The intersection of the scholarship of teaching and learning with online course design in teacher education. InSight: A Journal of Scholarly Teaching, 4, 77- 85. Lemos, S. & Pedro, N. (2012). Students’ expectation and satisfaction in postgraduate online courses. Proceeding of International Conference on Information communication Technologies in Education (ICICTE), Greece, July2012, pp. 568-580. Mitchell,P. & Forer, P. (2010). Blended learning: The perceptions of first-year Geography students. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 34(1), 77-89, Retrieved April 12, 2016 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03098260902982484 Offir, B. & Lev, Y. (1999). Teacher‐learner interaction in the process of operating DL (distance learning) Systems. Educational Media International, 36(2), 132-136. Moore, M. G. & Kearsley, G. (2011). Distance education: A systems view of online learning. USA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Paechter, M., Maier, B. & Macher, D. (2010). Students’ expectations and experiences in elearning: Their relation to learning achievements and course satisfaction. Computers & Education, 54(1), 222–229. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2009.08.005 Pillay, H., Irving, K., & Tones, M. (2007). Validation of the diagnostic tool for assessing tertiary students’ readiness for online learning. Higher Education Research & Development, 26(2), 217–234. 162 Rodríguez, O. M., Molina, J. C. F., Alonso, M. A. M. & Gomez, F. G. (2015). The main components of satisfaction with e-learning. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 24(2), 267-277. Retrieved May 17, 2016 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1475939X.2014.888370 Rovai, A. & Downey, J. (2010). Why some distance education programs fail while others succeed in a global environment. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 141–147. Sahin, I. & Shelley, M. (2008). Considering students' perceptions: The distance education student satisfaction model. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 11(3), 216- 223. Sawang, S., Newton, C. & Jamieson, K. (2013). Increasing learners’ satisfaction/intention to adopt more e learning. Education + Training, 55(1), 83 – 105. Retrieved June 21, 2016 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00400911311295031. Sheffield, S. L. M., McSweeney, J. M. & Panych, A. (2015). Exploring future teachers’ awareness, competence, confidence, and attitudes regarding teaching online: Incorporating blended/online experience into the teaching and learning in higher education course for graduate students. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 45(3), 1 – 14. Shepherd, C. E., Bolliger, D. U., Dousay, T. A. & Persichitte, K. (2016). Preparing teachers for online instruction with a graduate certificate program. Tech Trends, 60(1), 41–47. Smith, J. J. & Greene, H. C. (2013). Pre-service teachers use e-learning technologies to enhance their learning. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 12, 12-140. So, K. K. T. & Swatman, P. M. C. (2006). e-learning readiness in the classroom: A study of Hong Kong primary and secondary teachers. Proceedings of CollECTeR Europe 2006, (pp.223–237).Retrieved May, 29, 2016 from http://docplayer.net/6464986- Collecter-europe-2006.html Sun, P. C., Tsai, R. J., Finger, G., Chen, Y. Y. & Yeh, D. (2008). What drives a successful e learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction, Computers & Education. 50, 1183-1202. Tao, Y. H. & C. C. Rosa-Yeh (2008). Typology of teacher perception toward distance education issues – A study of college information department teachers in Taiwan. Computers & Education, 50, 23–36. Teo, T. (2010). A structural equation modelling of factors influencing student teachers’ satisfaction with e-learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, (41)6, 150- 152. Enemali, V. A., Aliyu, M. B. & Bulama, K. H. (2016). Readiness of pre-service business education teachers for web-based e-learning in colleges of education in North-East Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice (JEP), 7(20), 152 – 162. Wickersham, L. E. & McGee, P. (2008). Perceptions of satisfaction and deeper learning in an online course. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 9(1), 73–83. Yildirim, Z. (2005). Effect of technology competencies and online readiness on preservice teachers’ use of online learning management system. European Conference on Educational Research, University College Dublin, 7-10 September. Retrieved April 13, 2016, from https://scholar. google.dk/scholar?oi=bibs&hl= da&cites=4548818516412695001.
Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Articles

Yazar: Duygu Saniye OZTURK (Sorumlu Yazar)
E-posta: ozturk_d@ibu.edu.tr

Yazar: Faruk OZTURK
E-posta: ozturk_f1@ibu.edu.tr

Yazar: Rasit OZEN
E-posta: ozen_r@ibu.edu.tr

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tojde382791, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {19}, pages = {147 - 162}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.382791}, title = {The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education}, key = {cite}, author = {OZEN, Rasit and OZTURK, Faruk and OZTURK, Duygu Saniye} }
APA OZTURK, D , OZTURK, F , OZEN, R . (2018). The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 19 (1), 147-162. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.382791
MLA OZTURK, D , OZTURK, F , OZEN, R . "The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 19 (2018): 147-162 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/tojde/issue/34638/382791>
Chicago OZTURK, D , OZTURK, F , OZEN, R . "The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 19 (2018): 147-162
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education AU - Duygu Saniye OZTURK , Faruk OZTURK , Rasit OZEN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.382791 DO - 10.17718/tojde.382791 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 147 EP - 162 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.382791 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17718/tojde.382791 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education %A Duygu Saniye OZTURK , Faruk OZTURK , Rasit OZEN %T The Relationship between Prospective Teachers’ Readiness and Satisfactions About Internet-Based Distance Education %D 2018 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 19 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.382791 %U 10.17718/tojde.382791