| | | |

## A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning

#### Ambrose A. AZETA [1] , Itorobong A. INAM [2] , Olawande DARAMOLA [3]

##### 52 74

Voice-based systems allow users access to information on the internet over a voice interface. Prior studies on Open and Distance Learning (ODL) e-examination systems that make use of voice interface do not sufficiently exhibit intelligent form of assessment, which diminishes the rigor of examination. The objective of this paper is to improve on the achievements of previous studies by providing a framework that will guide the development of a voice-based e-examination expert system for the visually impaired students in ODL. The study employs a combination of technologies such as system design, server side scripting, voice-based system development, data management and rule-based reasoning in developing the system. The system was evaluated to determine the level of usability. The results of the usability evaluation showed that the developed application has an ‘average usability’ rating of 3.48 out of 5 scales. The findings show that the voice-based e-examination system will not only be of immense benefit to the visually impaired students in ODL in respective of distance, but will also complement the existing web-based method for online examination.

Distance learning, e-examination, intelligent, voice and framework
• Ahmad, F. K. (2015). Use of Assistive Technology in Inclusive Education. Transcience, Vol. 6, Issue 2, ISSN 2191. Ake, G., Nena, L. and Hannu, L. (2010). Effective Use of Assistive Technologies for Inclusive Education in Developing Countries: Issues and challenges from two case studies. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 2010, Vol. 6, Issue 4, pp.5-26. Alsobhi, A. A., Khan, N. and Rahanu, H. (2015). DAEL Framework: A New Adaptive E-learning Framework for Students with Dyslexia. Elsevier ICCS 2015 International Conference on Computational Science, Vol. 51, pp. 1947–1956. Arditi, A. (2012). Designing for people with partial sight. Retrieved from http://www.lighthouse.org Ayo, C. K., Odukoya, J. A. and Azeta, A. A. (2014). A Review of Open and Distance Education and Human Development in Nigeria. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 9(6): 63-67 Azeta, A. A., Ayo, C. K., Atayero, A. A. and Ikhu-Omoregbe, N. A. (2008). Development of a Telephone-based e-Learning Portal. 1 st International Conference on Mobile Computing, Wireless Communication, e-Health, M-Health and TeleMedicine (FICMWiComTelHealth ’08), 18 th – 20 th Nov. 2008 at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria, pp. 141-149. Azeta, A. A., Ayo, C. K., Atayero, A. A. and Ikhu-Omoregbe, N. A. (2009). A Case-Based Reasoning Approach for Speech-Enabled e-Learning System. 2nd IEEE International Conference on Adaptive Science & Technology (ICAST). December 14 – 16, 2009, Ghana. Charema, J. (2007). From Special Schools to Inclusive Education: The way forward for Developing Countries South of the Sahara. The Journal of the International Association of Special Education, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 88-97. Choudhury, R. D., Borbora, K. A. and Sarma, S. K. (2013). ESOA: A Web-Based Expert System for Online Assessment: Prototype, Design and Implementation. International Journal of Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology Research (IJCSEITR), Vol. 3, Issue 2, ISSN 2249-6831. Ferguson, D. L. (2008). International trends in inclusive education: The Continuing Challenge to Teach Each one and Everyone. European Journal of Special Needs Education, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 109-120. Gallivan, P., Hong, Q., Jordan, L. and Li, E. (2002). VoiceXML Absentee System. Proceedings of Mid-Atlantic Student Workshop on Programming Languages and Systems, Pace University, April 19, 2002
Birincil Dil en Sosyal Articles Yazar: Ambrose A. AZETA (Sorumlu Yazar) Yazar: Itorobong A. INAM Yazar: Olawande DARAMOLA
 Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tojde415635, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {19}, pages = {34 - 46}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.415635}, title = {A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning}, key = {cite}, author = {DARAMOLA, Olawande and INAM, Itorobong A. and AZETA, Ambrose A.} } APA AZETA, A , INAM, I , DARAMOLA, O . (2018). A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 19 (2), 34-46. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.415635 MLA AZETA, A , INAM, I , DARAMOLA, O . "A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 19 (2018): 34-46 Chicago AZETA, A , INAM, I , DARAMOLA, O . "A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 19 (2018): 34-46 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning AU - Ambrose A. AZETA , Itorobong A. INAM , Olawande DARAMOLA Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.415635 DO - 10.17718/tojde.415635 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 34 EP - 46 VL - 19 IS - 2 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.415635 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17718/tojde.415635 Y2 - 2018 ER - EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning %A Ambrose A. AZETA , Itorobong A. INAM , Olawande DARAMOLA %T A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning %D 2018 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 19 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.415635 %U 10.17718/tojde.415635 ISNAD AZETA, Ambrose A. , INAM, Itorobong A. , DARAMOLA, Olawande . "A Voice-Based E-Examination Framework for Visually Impaired Students in Open and Distance Learning". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 19 / 2 (Nisan 2018): 34-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.17718/tojde.415635