Yıl 2018, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 170 - 191 2018-08-29

Investigation of Elementary School Students’ Problem Posing Abilities for Arithmetic Expressions in the Context of Order of Operations
Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi

Mehmet Fatih Öçal [1] , Ali Sabri İpek [2] , Ercan Özdemir [3] , Tuğrul Kar [4]

310 402

In this study, the aim is two folds; investigating sixth grade elementary school students’ problem posing abilities for arithmetic expression and, in this context, determining the role of order of operations rules, one of the factors that may result in low achievement among students. The study is conducted to 96 sixth grade enrolled in a public elementary school located in a city at East Black Sea Region. Students were expected to create stories related to daily life situations for arithmetic expressions involving any two of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of natural numbers. The stories created were analyzed according to the criteria of being associated with daily life, whether the operations/numbers were expressed in them and order of operations. The findings gathered revealed that the percentages of incorrect answers reasoning from ignoring the order of operations were less than 11% for all items. It was determined that the difficulties experienced by students were more commonly observed in the attempts to express the numbers and operations found in the arithmetic operations verbally in daily life context. Considering the high percentage of students’ responses which stories they created did not signify the numbers and operations found in the arithmetic expressions, it was not an effective approach to evaluate the process of order of operations in the context of problem posing.

Bu araştırmada, ortaokul altıncı sınıf öğrencilerinin aritmetiksel ifadelere yönelik problem kurma becerilerinin incelenmesi ve bu bağlamda düşük başarıya neden olabilecek etkenlerden biri olarak işlem önceliği kuralının rolünün belirlenmesi hedeflenmiştir. Araştırma, Doğu Karadeniz bölgesindeki bir ilde öğrenim gören 96 ortaokul altıncı sınıf öğrencisiyle yürütülmüştür. Öğrencilerden doğal sayılarla toplama, çıkarma, çarpma ve bölme işlemlerinden ikisini içeren aritmetiksel ifadelere yönelik günlük yaşam durumlarıyla ilişkili hikayeler oluşturmaları istenmiştir. Oluşturulan hikâyeler; günlük yaşam durumlarıyla ilişkilendirme, işlemlerin/sayıların ifade edilmesi ve işlem önceliği dikkate alınarak analiz edilmiştir. Elde edilen bulgulara göre, bütün maddeler için işlem önceliği kuralının ihmal edilmesinden kaynaklı hatalı cevapların oranlarının %11’in altında olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Öğrencilerin yaşadıkları güçlüklerin aritmetiksel ifadelerdeki sayı ve işlemleri günlük yaşam içerisinde sözel olarak ifade etmede daha fazla yoğunlaştığı belirlenmiştir. Aritmetiksel ifadelerdeki işlem ve sayıların ifade edilemediği cevapların oransal olarak yüksek olması, işlem önceliği kuralının problem kurma bağlamında değerlendirilmesinin etkili bir yaklaşım olmadığını ortaya koymuştur.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sosyal
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0000-0428-6176
Yazar: Mehmet Fatih Öçal
Kurum: AĞRI İBRAHİM ÇEÇEN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ, MATEMATİK VE FEN BİLİMLERİ EĞİTİMİ BÖLÜMÜ, İLKÖĞRETİM MATEMATİK EĞİTİMİ ANABİLİM DALI
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8712-1670
Yazar: Ali Sabri İpek
Kurum: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi, İlköğretim Matematik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4797-9327
Yazar: Ercan Özdemir
Kurum: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi, İlköğretim Matematik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8336-1327
Yazar: Tuğrul Kar (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi, İlköğretim Matematik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { turkbilmat333037, journal = {Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT)}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-4653}, address = {Türkbilmat Eğitim Hizmetleri}, year = {2018}, volume = {9}, pages = {170 - 191}, doi = {10.16949/turkbilmat.333037}, title = {Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Kar, Tuğrul and Öçal, Mehmet Fatih and Özdemir, Ercan and İpek, Ali Sabri} }
APA Öçal, M , İpek, A , Özdemir, E , Kar, T . (2018). Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 9 (2), 170-191. DOI: 10.16949/turkbilmat.333037
MLA Öçal, M , İpek, A , Özdemir, E , Kar, T . "Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi". Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT) 9 (2018): 170-191 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/turkbilmat/issue/38960/333037>
Chicago Öçal, M , İpek, A , Özdemir, E , Kar, T . "Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi". Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT) 9 (2018): 170-191
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi AU - Mehmet Fatih Öçal , Ali Sabri İpek , Ercan Özdemir , Tuğrul Kar Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16949/turkbilmat.333037 DO - 10.16949/turkbilmat.333037 T2 - Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 170 EP - 191 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - -1309-4653 M3 - doi: 10.16949/turkbilmat.333037 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16949/turkbilmat.333037 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT) Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi %A Mehmet Fatih Öçal , Ali Sabri İpek , Ercan Özdemir , Tuğrul Kar %T Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi %D 2018 %J Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT) %P -1309-4653 %V 9 %N 2 %R doi: 10.16949/turkbilmat.333037 %U 10.16949/turkbilmat.333037
ISNAD Öçal, Mehmet Fatih , İpek, Ali Sabri , Özdemir, Ercan , Kar, Tuğrul . "Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Aritmetiksel İfadelere Yönelik Problem Kurma Becerilerinin İşlem Önceliği Bağlamında İncelenmesi". Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT) 9 / 2 (Ağustos 2018): 170-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.16949/turkbilmat.333037