Yıl 2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 322 - 330 2018-07-26

Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken
Moringa, Kekik, Sumak Tozları ve Karışımının Etlik Piliçlerin Besi Performansı Üzerine Etkisi

Bünyamin SÖĞÜT [1] , Amed Mohammed Ameen MOHAMMAD [2]

41 69

This study was conducted to figure out the effect of 1% inclusion of three herbal (Moringa leaves powder, Sumac fruit powder, Thyme powders and their mixture) in the diet on broiler chick’s growth performance. A total of 181 a day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly distributed into five dietary treatments with 3 replicates (12 birds/rep). The groups were Control (no addition, T1), 1% Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaves powder (MLP, T2), 1% Sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) fruit powder (SFP, T3), 1% Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) leaves powder (TLP, T4), 1% Mixture of Moringa, Sumac and Thyme leaves powder (MST, T5). The birds were offered non-pelleted diets ad libitum from beginnig to end of the trail. Live body weight, body weight gain, accumulative feed intake and feed conversion ratio were recorded weekly. Moringa leaves powder (MLP), Sumac fruit powder (SFP), the mixture of Moringa, Sumac and Thyme (MST) had significant (p<0.05) effects on growth performance. Dietary supplementation of the herbs had positive effect on live body weight (LBW) and feed conversion ratio.  The highest LBW was observed in MLP and MST groups. In terms of LBW, however, there was no significant (p< 0.05) differences for the birds fed with supplemented Thyme leaves powder (TLP) relative to the control group during all total periods (0-42 d). Positive effects was observed on accumulative FCR comparing to the control group and the best significant FCR was obtained by using Moringa additive. However, there were no significant effects (P<0.05) of treatments on accumulative feed intake except the feed supplementation with Thyme only when comparing to control group and other treatments. As a result, Moringa leaves powder, Sumac fruit powder, Thyme leaves powder, and Mixture of Moringa, Sumac & Thyme leaves powder could be used as growth promoter instead of antibiotics by 1% of supplementation in the diet of broiler with no negative effects.

Bu çalışma, üç tıbbi aromatik bitkinin (moringa yaprak tozu, sumak meyve tozu ve kekik yaprak tozu) ve bunların karışımları) %1 oranında rasyona ilavesinin etlik piliçlerin besi performansına etkisini araştırmak amacıyla yürütülmüştür. Toplam yüz seksen adet bir günlük erkek broyler civcivleri (Ross 308), 3 tekerürlü beş gruba şansa bağlı olarak dağıtılmıştır. Gruplar; Control (T1), %1 Moringa (Moringa oleifera) tozu (T2), %1 Sumak (Rhus coriaria L.) meyve tozu (T3), %1 Kekik (Thymus vulgaris L.) tozu (T4) ve %1 Moringa, Sumak ve Kekik Karışımı tozu (T5) olarak belirlenmiştir. Deneme boyunca hayvanlara rasyon toz formunda adlibitum olarak verilmiştir. Canlı ağırlık, canlı ağırlık artışı, yem tüketimi ve yemden yararlanma haftalık olarak kaydedilmiştir. Moringa tohumları (T2), Sumak meyve tozu (T3) ve Moringa, Sumak ve Kekik karışımı (T4) broiler civcivlerdeki canlı ağırlık ve yem dönüşüm oranı üzerinde önemli (P <0.05) ve pozitif etkilere sahip olmuştur. Ayrıca, deneme süresinde kontrol grubuna kıyasla, muamele gruplarında yemden yaralanma oranı daha iyi olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Moringa ilavesinin yem tüketimi üzerine önemli bir etkisi (P> 0.05) görülmemiştir. Kontrol grubuna ve diğer muamele gruplarına kıyasla k-Kekik yaprek tozunun yem tüketimine etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Sonuç olarak, ticari broyler rasyonunda antibiyotik yerine büyüme faktörü olarak tek başına Moringa oleifera veya bitki karışımının (Moringa, Sumak ve Kekik) kullanılmasının büyüme ve gelişme özellikleri üzerine herhangi bir olumsuz etkisi olmadan rasyona katılabileceği anlaşılmıştır.

  • Abu-Darwish, M., Dieyeh, Z.H., Al-Tawaha, A.R.M., Batarseh, M. 2009. Trace element contents and essential oil yields from wild thyme plant (Thymus serpyllum L.) grown at different natural variable environments, Jordan. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 7(3&4): 920-924.
  • Acamovic, T., Brooker, J.D. 2005. Biochemistry of plant secondary metabolites and their effects in animals. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 64; 403. Ahmadian-Attari, M., Amin, G.H., Fazeli, M.R., Jamalifar, H. 2007. A review on the antibacterial and effects of sumac fruit. Medicinal Plants, 7 (1): 1-9.
  • ¬Alcicek, A., Bozkurt, M. Cabuk, M. 2003. The effect of an essential oil combination derived from selected herbs growing wild in turkey on broiler performance. South African Journal of Animal Science, 33: 89-92.
  • Al-Jugifi, W.I.K. 2009. Effect of different levels of Thyme vulgaris on performance of broiler chicken. Al-Anbar Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2(1): 111-120.
  • Al-Mashhadani, E.H., Farah, K., Al-Jaff, Y.M. Farhan 2011. Effect of anise, thyme essential oils and their mixture (EOM) on broiler performance and some physiological traits. Egyptian Poultry Science, 31(2): 481-489.
  • Ash, A.J., Petaia, L., Ako, H. 1992. Nutritional value of Sesbania grandiflora leaves for monogastric and ruminants. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidada), 69(3).
  • Aydın, A., Alçiçek, A. 2018. Effects of the supplementation of essential oil isolated from orange peel (Citrus sinensis L.) to broiler diets on the performance. Turkish Journal of Agrıcultural and Natural Sciences, 5(2): 127-135, 2018-128.
  • Aydın, A., Alçiçek, A., 2017. Effects of essentıal oil supplementation isolated from orange peel (Citrus sinensis L.) tobroiler diets on the performance. I. Internetional Congress of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Book of Abstracts, p.558. Konya.
  • Bampidis, V.A., Christodoulou, V., Florou-Paneri, P., Christaki, E., Chatzopoulou, P.S., Tsiligianni, T., Spais, A.B. 2005. Effect of dietary dried oregano leaves on growth performance, carcass characteristics and serum cholesterol of female early maturing turkeys. Brit. Poult. Sci., 46: 595-601.
  • Banjo, S. (2012). Growth and performance as affected by inclusion of Moringa oleifera leaf meal in broiler chick diet. J. Biol. Agric. Healthcare. 2(9): 35-38.
  • Becker, K. 1995. Studies on Utilization of Moringa oleifera Leaves as Animal Feed. Institute for Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics vol. 480. University of Hohenheim Stuttgart, p.15.
  • Booth, F.E.M., Wickens, G.E. 1988. Non-Timber Uses of Selected Arid Zone Trees and Shrubs in Africa. FAO Conversation Guide, Rome, pp. 92-101.
  • Catalá-Gregori, P., Mallet, S., Travel, A., Lessire, M. 2008. Efficiency of a Prebiotic and a Plant Extract on Broiler Performance and Intestinal Physiology. 16th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, World Poultry Science Association, Strasbourg, France.
  • Cross, D.E., Mcdevitt, R.M., Hillman, K., Acamovic, T. 2007. The effect of herbs and their associated essential oils on performance, dietary digestibility and gut microflora in chickens from 7 to 28 days of age. Br. Poult. Sci., 48: 496-506.
  • Cross, D.E., Svoboda, K., McDevitt, R.M., Acamovic, T. 2003. The performance of chickens fed diets with and without thyme oil and enzymes. Br. Poult. Sci., 44(supp1): 18-19.
  • Das, B.R., Kurup, P.A., Rao, P.L.N. 1957. Antibiotic principle from Moringa pterygosperma: VII. Antibacterial activity and chemical structure of compounds related to pterygospermin. India J. Med. Res., 45: 191-196.
  • David, L.S., Vidanarachchi, J.K., Samarasinghe, K., Cyril, H.W., Dematawewa, C.M.B. 2012. Effects of moringa based feed additives on the growth performance and carcass quality of broiler chicken. Tropical Agricultural Research, 24(1): 12-20.
  • Demir, E., Kilinc, K., Yildirim, Y., Dincer, F., Eseceli, H. 2008. Comparative effects of mint, sage, thyme and flavomycin in wheat- based broiler diets. Archiva Zootechnica, 11(3): 54-63.
  • Dorman, H.J.D., Deans, S.G. 2000. Antimicrobial agents from plants: Antimicrobial activity of plant volatile oils. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 88: 308-316.
  • Du, P.L., Lin, P.H., Yang, R.Y., Fan, Y.K., Hsu, J.C. 2007. Effects of dietary supplementation of Moringa oleifera on growth performance, blood characteristics and immune response in broilers. Journal of the Chinese Society of Animal Science, 36(3): 135-146.
  • Ertas, O.N., Guler, T., Çiftci, M., Dalkilic, B., Simsek, Ü.G. 2005. The effect of an essential oil mix derived from oregano, clove and anise on broiler performance. In. J. Poult. Sci., 4: 879-884.
  • Foroughi, A.R., Torghabeh, H.M., Salen, H. 2011. The effect of essential oil of thyme (thyme vulgaris) on performance and humoral immune response broiler chicken. Agricultural Journal, 6(6): 299-302.
  • Fritz, Z., Schleicher, A., Kinal, S. 1993. Research on the use of herbal mixtures in broiler diets has produced inconsistent results. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 2: 189-195.
  • Fuglie, L.J. 2005. The Miracle Tree: The Moringa Tree: A Local Solution to Malnutrition. Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Church World Service, Dakar, 68 pp.
  • Griggs, J.P., Jacob, J.P. 2005. Alternatives to antibiotics for organic poultry production. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 14: 750-756.
  • Grubben, G.J.H., Denton, O.A. 2004. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands/ backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands/ CTA, Wageningen Netherlands. http://www/hort.purdue/edu/newcrop.duke_energy/moringa.htm.
  • Hernandez, F., Madrid, J., Garcia, V., Orengo, J., Megı´as, M.D. 2004. Influence of two plant extracts on broilers performance, digestibility, and digestive organ size. Poult. Sci., 83: 169-174.
  • Iheukwumere, F.C., Ndubuisi, E.C., Mazi, E.A., Onyekwere, M.U. 2008. Performance, nutrient utilization and organ characterstics of broilers fed cassava leaf meal (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 7(1): 13-16.
  • Inci H, Celik S, Sogut B, Sengul T and Karakaya E. 2015a. Examining the effects of different feather colour on the characteristics of interior and exterior egg quality of Japanese quail by using Kruskal-Wallis Test. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 2(1): 112–18.
  • Inci, H., Şengül, AY., Daş, A., Karakaya, E., Kayaokay, A. 2015b. Kafes ve Yer Sisteminde Yetiştirilen Bıldırcınların Besi Performansı ve Karkas Özellikleri Bakımından Karşılaştırılması. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 2(1): 119–125.
  • Inci, H., Özdemir, G., Şengül, A.Y., Söğüt, B., Nursoy, H., Şengül, T. 2016. Using juniper berry (Juniperus communis) as a supplement in Japanese quail diets. R. Bras. Zoolec., 5(5): 230-235.
  • Jung, N.C. 1998. Biological Activity of Urushiol and Flavanoid from Lac Tree (Rhus verniciflua Stokes). Ph.D. Thesis Chonnam National University, Kwang-Ju, South Korea.
  • Karthivashan, G., Arulselvan, P., Alimon, A., Ismail, I.S., Sharida Fakurazi, S. 2015. Competing Role of Bioactive Constituents in Moringa oleifera Extract and Conventional Nutrition Feed on the Performance of Cobb 500 Broilers. BioMed Research International. Article ID 970398, 13 p., N.
  • Khalaf, A.N., Shakya, A.K., Al-Othman, A., El-Agbar, Z., Farah, H. 2008. Antioxidant activity of some common plants. Turkish J. Biol., 32: 51-55.
  • Kurucu, S., Koyuncu, M., Guvenc, A., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. 1993. The essential oil of Rhus coriaria L. (sumac). J. Essent. Oil Res: Jeor., 5: 481-486.
  • Lee, K.W., Everts, H., Kappert, H.J., Frehner, M., Losa, R., Beynen, A.C. 2003. Supposed to presence of a number of pharmacologically active substances which stimulate immune, activate digestive enzymes and enhance feed intake. Brit. Poultry Sci., 44: 450-457.
  • Lilja, C., 1983. Comparative study of postnatal growth and organ development in some species of birds. Growth, 47: 317-329. Madubuike, F.N., Ekenyem, B.U. 2006. Haematology and serum biochemistry characteristics of broiler chicks fed varying dietary levels of Ipomoea asarifolia leaf meal. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 09-12.
  • Makanjuola, B.A., Obi, O.O., Olorungbohunmi, T.O., Morakinyo, O.A., Oladele-Bukola, M.O., Boladuro, B.A. 2014. Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal as a substitute for antibiotics on the performance and blood parameters of broiler chickens. Livestock Researchfor Rural Development 26(8).
  • Mansoob, H.N. 2012. Effect of different levels of sumac powder (Rhus coriaria L.) on performance, carcass and blood parameters of broiler chickens. Annals of Biol. Res., 2(5): 647-652.
  • Mansoob, N.H., Myandoab, M.P. 2011. The effect of different levels of thyme on performance, carcass traits and blood parameters of broilers. Annals of Biological Research, 2(4): 379-385.
  • Mazloom, Z.F. 2011. Influence of garlic and sumac powder (Rhus coriaria L.) on performance, carcass and blood biochemical’s of Japanese quails. Annals of Biol. Res., 2(6): 542-545.
  • Najafi, P., Torki, M. 2010. Founded that fed by thyme had significantly better body weight and feed conversion ratio. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9(7): 1164-1168.
  • Nkukwana, T., Muchenje, M., Masika, P.J., Dzama, K. 2014. Proximate composition and variation in colour, drip loss and pH of breast meat from broilers supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaf meal over time. Animal Production Science, 55(7).
  • Özcan, M., Haciseferogullari, H. 2004. A condiment sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) fruits: Properties. Bulg. J. Plant Physiol., 30: 74-84.
  • Paguia, H.M., Paguia, R.Q., Flores, R.C., Balba, C.M. 2014. Utilization and Evaluation of Moringa oleifera as Poultry Feeds. Monograph No. 11. The Research and Developmet Office, Bataan Peninsula State University City of Balanga, Philippines.
  • Pond, W.G., Church, D.C., Pond, K.R. 1995. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. 4th Edition John Wiley and Sons Publication, New York USA pp. 495-504.
  • Ravindran, V., Kornegay, E.T., Cherry, J.A. 1983. Feeding values of cassava tuber and leaf meals. Nutr. Rep. Int., 28: 189-196.
  • Rayne, S., Mazza, G. 2007. Biological activities of extracts from sumac (Rhus spp.): A review. Plant Food Hum. Nutr., 62: 165-175. SAS Institute, 2005. SAS/STAT user’s guide: version 9. 8th ed. Cary: SAS Institute.
  • Soad, G. 2010. Center of Search Animal Production. Effect of Moringa oleifera in Diet to Broiler Chicken.
  • Söğüt, B., İnci, H., Özdemir, G. 2012. Effect of supplemented black seed (Nigella sativa) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of broilers. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 11: 2480-2484.
  • Teguia, A., Beynen, A.C. 2005. Alternative Feedstuffs for Broilers in Cameroon. Livestock Research for Rural Development 17(3), http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd17/3/tegu17034.htm.
  • Tekeli, A., Çelik, L., Kutlu, H.R., Gorgulu, M., 2006. Effect of plant extracts on performance, carcass characteristics, digestive system development, intestinal microflora and some blood parameters of broiler chicks; XII European Poultry Conference, Italy, 10-14 Sept. 2006.
  • Teteh, A., Lawson, E., Tona, K., Decuypere, E., Gbeassor, M. 2013. Moringa oleifera leave: Hydro-alcoholic extract and effects on growth performance of broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 12(7): 401-405.
  • Weiner, M.A. 1994. Herbal Antioxidants in Clinical Practice. J. Orthomolecular Med. 9(3): 167-176.
  • WHO, 1999. Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Vol. 1 1999 (Geneva).
  • Yang, W., Shabanov, N.V., Huang, D., Wang, W., Dickinson, R.E., Nemani, R.R., Knyazikhin, Y., Myneni, R.B. 2006. Analysis of leaf area index products from combination of MODIS Terra and Aqua data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 104(2006): 297-312.
  • Zaidi, M.A., Crow, S.A. 2005. Biologically active traditional medicinal herbs from Balo-chistan. J. Ethnopharmacol, 96: 331-334.
  • Zargari, A. 1997. Medicinal Plants. 5th ed. Tehran University Press. p., 561, Iran.
  • Yang, A., Dunnington, E.A., Siegel, P.B. 1997. Developmental stability in stocks of White Leghorn chickens. Poultry Science, 76: 1632-1636.
  • Yew, M.S. 1985. Biosynthesis of ascorbic acid in chick embryos. Experientia, 41: 943-944.
  • Zhang, H., Elliott, K.E.C., Durojaye, O.A., Fatemi, S.A., Peebles, E.D. 2018. Effects of in ovo administration of L-ascorbic acid on broiler hatchability and its influence on the effects of pre-placement holding time on broiler quality characteristics. Poultry Science, 97(6): 1941-1947.
Birincil Dil en
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Yazar: Bünyamin SÖĞÜT

Yazar: Amed Mohammed Ameen MOHAMMAD

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { turkjans448377, journal = {Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2148-3647}, address = {Mevlüt AKÇURA}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {322 - 330}, doi = {10.30910/turkjans.448377}, title = {Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken}, key = {cite}, author = {SÖĞÜT, Bünyamin and MOHAMMAD, Amed Mohammed Ameen} }
APA SÖĞÜT, B , MOHAMMAD, A . (2018). Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 5 (3), 322-330. DOI: 10.30910/turkjans.448377
MLA SÖĞÜT, B , MOHAMMAD, A . "Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 5 (2018): 322-330 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/turkjans/issue/38625/448377>
Chicago SÖĞÜT, B , MOHAMMAD, A . "Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 5 (2018): 322-330
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken AU - Bünyamin SÖĞÜT , Amed Mohammed Ameen MOHAMMAD Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30910/turkjans.448377 DO - 10.30910/turkjans.448377 T2 - Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 322 EP - 330 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - 2148-3647- M3 - doi: 10.30910/turkjans.448377 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.30910/turkjans.448377 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken %A Bünyamin SÖĞÜT , Amed Mohammed Ameen MOHAMMAD %T Effect of Moringa, Thyme, Sumac Powders and Their Mixture on Growth Performance in Broiler Chicken %D 2018 %J Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2148-3647- %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30910/turkjans.448377 %U 10.30910/turkjans.448377
ISNAD SÖĞÜT, Bünyamin , MOHAMMAD, Amed Mohammed Ameen . "Moringa, Kekik, Sumak Tozları ve Karışımının Etlik Piliçlerin Besi Performansı Üzerine Etkisi". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 5 / 3 (Temmuz 2018): 322-330. http://dx.doi.org/10.30910/turkjans.448377