Year 2018, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 39 - 46 2018-06-10

Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research

Roghaiyeh Kabiri [1] , Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali [2] , Zulnaidi Hutkemri [3]

73 280

This study was conducted to explore perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students based on their gender. Participants (n=210) were university of Malaya undergraduate students from faculty of education in Kuala Lumpur. The method of sampling was cluster random sampling. This study utilized a quantitative methodology research to investigate the perceived benefits and barriers towards yoga exercise among university students using the health belief model. This was a survey study of data collection. One-way MANOVA was used to determine the differences. Some 197 subjects completed the questionnaire and the results of inferential analysis demonstrated that males and females are similar in reporting perceived benefits in the Psychological dimension F (1,195) = .55, sig = .46 (p > .05), Physical dimension F (1,195) =.05, sig=.835 (p > .05), Disease Prevention dimension F(1,195)=1.11, sig = .29(p > .05), Social dimension F(1,195) =.09, sig = .92 (p > .05). They are also similar in reporting perceived barriers in the Negative Preconception dimension F (1,195) = .20, sig=.66 (p>.05), Cost dimension F(1,195) = 2.36, sig. =.13(p >.05), Time Prevention dimension F(1,195) = .71, sig =.40 >.05 and Fears dimension F(1,195) =.71, sig = .40(p > .05). This study tried to determine how students’ gender could influence their perceptions about yoga exercise. The results of this study show that males and female are similar in their perceived benefits and barriers to yoga exercise. Hence, in creating yoga exercise intervention for university students, gender is not a vital component to consider.

Perceived benefits, perceived barriers, yoga
  • Adewuya AO, Ola BA, Aloba OO, Mapayi BM, Oginni OO. Depression amongst Nigerian university students. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2006; 41(8): 674-678.
  • American College Health Association. American College Health Association-National College health assessment II: Spring 2013 reference group executive summary. Retrieved from http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA-II_ReferenceGroup_ExecutiveSummary_Spring2013.pdf, 2013.
  • Atkinson NL, Permuth-Levine R. Benefits, barriers, and cues to action of yoga practice: a focus group approach. Am J Health Behav 2009; 33(1): 3-14.
  • Berger BG, Motl RW. Exercise and mood: A selective review and synthesis of research employing the profile of mood states. J Appl Sport Psychol 2000; 12(1): 69-92.
  • Blair SN. Physical inactivity: The biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br J Sports Med 2009; 43: 1–2.
  • Chiuve SE, Rexrode KM, Spiegelman D, Logroscino G, Manson JE, Rimm EB. Primary prevention of stroke by healthy lifestyle. Circulation 2008; 118(9): 947-954.
  • Colcombe S, Kramer AF. Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults a meta-analytic study. Psychol Sci 2003; 14(2): 125-130.
  • Desai MN, Miller WC, Staples B, Bravender T. (2008). Risk factors associated with overweight and obesity in college students. J Am Coll Health 2008; 57: 109-113.
  • Egli T, Bland HW, Melton BF, Czech DR. Influence of age, sex, and race on college students’ exercise motivation of physical activity. J Am Coll Health 2011; 59(5): 399-406.
  • Grubbs L, Carter J. The relationship of perceived benefits and barriers to reported exercise behaviors in college undergraduates. Fam Community Health 2002; 25(2): 76-84.
  • Gupta AK, Nguyen TT, Sanqui JAT. Characterization of the skew-normal distribution. Ann Inst Statist Math 2004; 56(2): 351-360.
  • Gyurcsik NC, Bray SR, Brittain DR. Coping with barriers to vigorous physical activity during transition to university. Fam Community Health 2004; 27(2): 130-142.
  • Iyengar BKS. Yoga: The path to holistic health. London, UK: Dorling Kindersley, 2001.
  • Jeon CY, Lokken RP, Hu FB, Van Dam RM. Physical activity of moderate intensity and risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A systematic review. Diabetes Care 2007; 30(3): 744-752.
  • Keating XD, Guan J, Pinero JC, Bridges DM. A meta-analysis of college students’ physical activity behaviors. J Am Coll Health 2005; 54: 116–125.
  • Kelinske B, Mayer BW, Chen KL. Perceived benefits from participation in sports: A gender study. Women in Management Review 2001; 16(2): 75-84.
  • Lerner J, Burns C, de Roiste A. Correlates of physical activity among college students. Recreational Sports Journal 2011; 35: 95–106.
  • Lovell GP, El Ansari W, Parker JK. Perceived exercise benefits and barriers of non-exercising female university students in the United Kingdom. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2010; 7(3): 784-798.
  • Marshall L. Yoga for your children. London, UK: Ward Lock, 1978.
  • Nahas MV, Goldfine B, Collins MA. Determinants of physical activity in adolescents and young adults: The basis for high school and college physical education to promote active lifestyles. Physical Educator 2003; 60(1): 42.
  • Naseer M, Khoso A, Naqvi S, Irfan H. Sex-based difference in the perception of exercise and level of physical activity among residents of Karachi City, Pakistan. J Phys Act Health 2013; 10: 1039-1047.
  • Nayak HD, Patel NK, Wood R, Dufault V, Guidotti N. A study to identify the benefits, barriers, and cues to participating in a Yoga Program among community dwelling older adults. J Yoga Phys Ther 2014; 5: 178.
  • Nelson MC, Story M, Larson NL, Neumark-Sztainer D, Lytle LA. Emerging adulthood and college-aged youth: An overlooked age for weight-related behavior change. Obesity 2008; 16: 2205–2211.
  • Nelson MC, Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, Sirard JR, Story M. Longitudinal and secular trends in physical activity and sedentary behavior during adolescence. Pediatrics 2006; 118: E1627–E1634.
  • Van Niekerk RL. Understanding the barriers to and reasons for physical exercise among university students. Afr J Phys Health Educ Recreat Dance 2010; (Supp): 172-181.
  • Pallant J. SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS for Windows (versions 10 and 11): SPSS Student Version 11.0 for Windows. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press, 2001.
  • Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH. Weight changes, exercise, and dietary patterns during freshman and sophomore years of college. J Am Coll Health 2005; 53(6): 245-251.
  • Rejeski WJ, Mihalko SL. Physical activity and quality of life in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001; 56(Suppl 2): 23-35.
  • Ross AC, Friedmann E, Bevans M, Thomas S. The relationship of yoga to aspects of health: Results of a national survey of yoga practitioners. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012; 2012: 10.
  • Saraswati S. Asana pranayama mudra bandha. Munger, India: Bihar School of Yoga, 1987.
  • Schleicher HE, Harris KJ, Catley D, Nazir N. The role of depression and negative affect regulation expectancies in tobacco smoking among college students. J Am Coll Health 2009; 57(5): 507-512.
  • Telama R, Yang X, Viikari J, Valimaki I, Wanne O, Raitakari O. Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: A 21-year tracking study. Am J Prev Med 2005; 28: 267-273.
  • Tergerson JL, King KA. Do perceived cues, benefits, and barriers to physical activity differ between male and female adolescents? J Sch Health 2002; 72(9): 374-380.
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General’s vision for a healthy and fit nation. Public Health Service Office of the Surgeon General Rockville, MD, 2010.
  • Verplanken B, Melkevik O. Predicting habit: The case of physical exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2008; 9(1): 15–26.
  • Yan Z, Berger BG, Tobar DA, Cardina BJ. Comparison of American and Chinese college students' reasons for exercise, exercise enjoyment and self-efficacy. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 2015; 27(1): 43-50.
  • Yang X, Telama R, Leskinen E, Mansikkaniemi K, Viikari J, Raitakari O. Testing a model of physical activity and obesity tracking from youth to adulthood: The cardiovascular risk in young Finns study. Int J Obes 2007; 31: 521–527.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Author: Roghaiyeh Kabiri (Primary Author)
Country: Iran


Author: Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali
Institution: University of Malaya, Malaysia
Country: Malaysia


Author: Zulnaidi Hutkemri
Institution: University of Malaya, Malaysia
Country: Malaysia


Bibtex @research article { turkjkin407340, journal = {Turkish Journal of Kinesiology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2459-0134}, address = {Nurtekin ERKMEN}, year = {2018}, volume = {4}, pages = {39 - 46}, doi = {10.31459/turkjkin.407340}, title = {Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research}, key = {cite}, author = {Kabiri, Roghaiyeh and Syed Ali, Syed Kamaruzaman and Hutkemri, Zulnaidi} }
APA Kabiri, R , Syed Ali, S , Hutkemri, Z . (2018). Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research. Turkish Journal of Kinesiology, 4 (2), 39-46. DOI: 10.31459/turkjkin.407340
MLA Kabiri, R , Syed Ali, S , Hutkemri, Z . "Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research". Turkish Journal of Kinesiology 4 (2018): 39-46 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/turkjkin/issue/37335/407340>
Chicago Kabiri, R , Syed Ali, S , Hutkemri, Z . "Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research". Turkish Journal of Kinesiology 4 (2018): 39-46
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research AU - Roghaiyeh Kabiri , Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali , Zulnaidi Hutkemri Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.31459/turkjkin.407340 DO - 10.31459/turkjkin.407340 T2 - Turkish Journal of Kinesiology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 46 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2459-0134 M3 - doi: 10.31459/turkjkin.407340 UR - https://doi.org/10.31459/turkjkin.407340 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Kinesiology Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research %A Roghaiyeh Kabiri , Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali , Zulnaidi Hutkemri %T Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research %D 2018 %J Turkish Journal of Kinesiology %P -2459-0134 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31459/turkjkin.407340 %U 10.31459/turkjkin.407340
ISNAD Kabiri, Roghaiyeh , Syed Ali, Syed Kamaruzaman , Hutkemri, Zulnaidi . "Perceived yoga exercise benefits and barriers of university students by gender: Results of a survey research". Turkish Journal of Kinesiology 4 / 2 (June 2018): 39-46. https://doi.org/10.31459/turkjkin.407340