Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı 20, Sayfalar 83 - 100 2017-09-29

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA
ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM POTENTIAL OF OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA

Rıza BAYRAK [1] , Ozan BAHAR [2]

218 767

Bu çalışmada, 2011-2015 yıllarına ait verilerle OECD ülkelerinin turizm etkinliğinin iktisadi analizi yapılmaya çalışılmıştır. Çalışmada, girdi değişkeni olarak gelen yolcu sayısı, turizm harcamaları, lojistik performans endeksi; çıktı değişkeni olarak da turizm gelirleri olmak üzere toplam dört değişken kullanılmıştır. Veriler, Dünya Bankası veri tabanından elde edilmiştir. Analiz yöntemi olarak, statik ve dinamik Veri Zarflama Analizi (VZA)’nin çıktıya yönelik modelleri kullanılmıştır. Analiz neticesinde; ABD, Avustralya, İspanya, Lüksemburg, Portekiz, Türkiye ve Yeni Zelanda’nın hem CCR hem de BCC çıktı yönelimli model sonucunda tüm yıllarda etkin ülkeler olduğu gözlenmiştir. Etkin olmayan ülkelerin değişkenler bazında yapmaları gereken iyileştirme değerleri incelendiğinde; turizm harcamalarının yaklaşık %2 azaltılması ve turizm gelirlerinin de yaklaşık %92 artırılması gerektiği ortaya çıkmıştır. Beş yıllık verilerin topluca değerlendirildiği dinamik analiz sonucunda CCR ve BCC çıktı yönelimli modele göre ABD, Avustralya, İspanya, Lüksemburg, Portekiz, Türkiye, Yeni Zelanda ve Yunanistan’ın etkin ülkeler olduğu gözlenmiştir. 

In this study we aim to analyze the efficiency of tourism potential of OECD countries in terms of economics perspective with the data of 2011-2015 years. Number of arrivals (NoA), tourism expenditures (TE) and logistic performance index (LPI) were used as input variables; while tourism revenues (TR) as output variables in accordance with the data acquired from World Bank (WB). Both statical and dynamic DEA were conducted with output oriented models. Considering the results of both the CCR ad BCC models as a whole; USA, Australia, Spain, Luxembourg, Portugal, Turkey and New Zealand were efficient countries in all years. Taking into account the required improvements of the variables of the inefficient countries, it is possible to say that tourism expenditure of the inefficient countries should be decreased approximately 2%. Moreover, it could be put forwarded that tourism revenues should be increased approximately 92%. As a result of a dynamic analysis, eight countries (USA, Australia, Spain, Luxembourg, Portugal, Turkey, New Zealand and Greece) were observed to be efficient DMUs according to both the CCR and BCC models.

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Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü MAKALELER
Yazarlar

Yazar: Rıza BAYRAK
Kurum: GENEL KURMAY BASKANLIGI
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Ozan BAHAR
Kurum: MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ TURİZM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ulikidince277725, journal = {Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9832}, eissn = {1307-9859}, address = {Kenan ÇELİK}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {83 - 100}, doi = {10.18092/ulikidince.277725}, title = {ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA}, key = {cite}, author = {BAYRAK, Rıza and BAHAR, Ozan} }
APA BAYRAK, R , BAHAR, O . (2017). ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi, (20), 83-100. DOI: 10.18092/ulikidince.277725
MLA BAYRAK, R , BAHAR, O . "ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2017): 83-100 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ulikidince/issue/30727/277725>
Chicago BAYRAK, R , BAHAR, O . "ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2017): 83-100
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA AU - Rıza BAYRAK , Ozan BAHAR Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.277725 DO - 10.18092/ulikidince.277725 T2 - Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 83 EP - 100 VL - IS - 20 SN - 1307-9832-1307-9859 M3 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.277725 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.277725 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA %A Rıza BAYRAK , Ozan BAHAR %T ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA %D 2017 %J Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi %P 1307-9832-1307-9859 %V %N 20 %R doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.277725 %U 10.18092/ulikidince.277725
ISNAD BAYRAK, Rıza , BAHAR, Ozan . "ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF TOURISM SECTOR IN OECD COUNTRIES: AN EMPRICAL STUDY WITH DEA". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi / 20 (Eylül 2017): 83-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.277725