Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı 20, Sayfalar 267 - 284 2018-01-18

EMPIRICAL ANALYSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE: MEXICAN CASE
ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ

Süleyman YURTKURAN [1] , Harun TERZİ [2]

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This study aims to investigate the relationship between carbon emission per capita, coal consumption per capita, financial development, income per capita and the square of income per capita in Mexico covering the period from 1971 to 2015 and using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach, bounds testing, Bayer-Hanck cointegration testing, error correction model and Hatemi-J Asymmetric causality model. The bounds and Bayer-Hanck tests for cointegration indicates that the analyzed variables are cointegrated. ARDL test result revealed that there is a one-way and statistically significant relationship moving from coal consumption per capita, financial development and income per capita to carbon emission per capita in the long-run. The negative impact of financial development on carbon emissions shows that as financial development in Mexico increases, environmental pollution decreases. This inverted U-shaped relationship, which is statistically significant between income per capita and carbon emissions per capita, supports the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis. Applying conservative policies may cause a decrease in economic growth because the increase in coal consumption increases carbon emissions. Therefore, the efficient use of energy resources should be a primary goal of policy makers.

Bu çalışma; Meksika’da 1971-2015 döneminde otoregresif gecikmesi dağıtılmış model (ARDL), sınır testi, Bayer-Hanck eşbütünleşme testi, hata düzeltme modeli ve Hatemi-J asimetrik nedensellik yöntemi yardımıyla kişi başına düşen karbon salımı, kişi başına düşen kömür tüketimi, finansal gelişim, kişi başına düşen gayri safi yurtiçi hasıla ve kişi başına düşen gayri safi yurtiçi hasılanın karesi arasındaki ilişkiyi araştırmayı amaçlamaktadır. Sınır ve Bayer-Hanck testleri sonucunda seriler arasında uzun dönemde eşbütünleşme ilişkisi olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Yapılan ARDL testi sonucunda uzun dönemde kişi başına düşen kömür tüketimi, finansal gelişim ve kişi başına düşen gayri safi yurtiçi hasıladan kişi başına düşen karbon salımına doğru tek yönlü ve istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişkiye ulaşılmıştır. Finansal gelişimin karbon salımını negatif olarak etkilemesi, Meksika’da finansal gelişim arttıkça çevre kirliliğinin azaldığını göstermektedir. Kişi başına düşen gayri safi yurtiçi hasıla ile karbon salımı arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı tespit edilen ters U şeklindeki bu ilişki, Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi hipotezini destekler niteliktedir. Kömür tüketiminde artış karbon salımını arttırdığı için korumacı politikalar uygulanması ekonomik büyümede azalışa sebep olabilir. Bu yüzden enerji kaynaklarının verimli kullanılması politika yapıcıların öncelikle hedefleri arasında yer almalıdır. 

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Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü MAKALELER
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7085-9203
Yazar: Süleyman YURTKURAN
E-posta: suleymanyurtkuran@hotmail.com
Kurum: karadeniz
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4368-9157
Yazar: Harun TERZİ
E-posta: hterzi@ktu.edu.tr
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ulikidince350401, journal = {Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9832}, address = {Kenan ÇELİK}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {267 - 284}, doi = {10.18092/ulikidince.350401}, title = {ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ}, key = {cite}, author = {YURTKURAN, Süleyman and TERZİ, Harun} }
APA YURTKURAN, S , TERZİ, H . (2018). ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi, (20), 267-284. DOI: 10.18092/ulikidince.350401
MLA YURTKURAN, S , TERZİ, H . "ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2018): 267-284 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ulikidince/issue/30727/350401>
Chicago YURTKURAN, S , TERZİ, H . "ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2018): 267-284
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ AU - Süleyman YURTKURAN , Harun TERZİ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.350401 DO - 10.18092/ulikidince.350401 T2 - Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 267 EP - 284 VL - IS - 20 SN - 1307-9832-1307-9859 M3 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.350401 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.350401 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ %A Süleyman YURTKURAN , Harun TERZİ %T ÇEVRESEL KUZNETS EĞRİSİNİN AMPİRİK OLARAK ANALİZİ: MEKSİKA ÖRNEĞİ %D 2018 %J Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi %P 1307-9832-1307-9859 %V %N 20 %R doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.350401 %U 10.18092/ulikidince.350401