Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı , Sayfalar 379 - 390 2018-09-19

EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ
ECONOMIC FREEDOM, TOURISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP CAUSALITY ANALYSIS IN BRICST COUNTRIES

Tuncer GÖVDELİ [1]

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Bu çalışmada BRICST (Brezilya, Rusya, Hindistan, Çin, Güney Afrika ve Türkiye) ülkelerinin 1995 ile 2016 döneminin ekonomik özgürlük, turizm gelirleri ve ekonomik büyüme ilişkisi analiz edilmiştir. Bu amaçla öncelikle panelin yatay kesit bağımlılığı araştırılmıştır. Panelde yatay kesit bağımlılığı belirlendikten sonra panelin eğim katsayılarının heterojen olduğu belirlenmiştir. Panelin yatay kesit bağımlılığı altında eğim katsayılarının heterojen olması, Konya (2006) nedensellik testinin ön koşulunu sağlamıştır. Konya (2006) nedensellik testi analizleri göre; i) Hindistan ve Güney Afrika ülkelerinde ekonomik büyüme ekonomik özgürlüğün nedenselidir. ii) Çin, Güney Afrika ve Türkiye’de turizm gelirleri ekonomik büyümenin nedenselidir ve Rusya’da ekonomik büyüme ile turizm gelirleri arasında çift yönlü nedensellik tespit edilmiştir. iii) Hindistan’da ekonomik özgürlük ile turizm gelirleri arasında çift yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi vardır ve Güney Afrika’da turizm gelirleri ekonomik özgürlüğün nedenselidir. iv) Rusya’da ekonomik özgürlük ve turizm gelirleri ile ekonomik büyüme arasında nedensellik ilişkisi tespit edilmiştir.

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between economic freedom, tourism incomes and economic growth for BRICST (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and Turkey) countries over the period 1995-2016. For this purpose, firstly, the cross section dependency of the panel was investigated. It was determined that the slope coefficients of the panel were heterogeneous after determining cross section dependency on the panel. The heterogeneity of the slope coefficients under the cross section dependency of the panel provided the precondition of the Kónya (2006) causality test. According to the analysis of causality test in Kónya (2006); i) uni-directional running from economic growth to economic freedom in India and South Africa are found. ii) Uni-directional causality in the China, South Africa and Turkey and bi-directional running from tourism income to economic growth in Russia are found. iii) Bi-directional causality in the India and uni-directional running from tourism income to economic freedom in South Africa are found. iv) uni-directional running from economic freedom and tourism income to economic growth in Russia are found.

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Orcid: 0000-0002-6600-8684
Yazar: Tuncer GÖVDELİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Gaziantep Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ulikidince451262, journal = {Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9832}, eissn = {1307-9859}, address = {Kenan ÇELİK}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {379 - 390}, doi = {10.18092/ulikidince.451262}, title = {EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ}, key = {cite}, author = {GÖVDELİ, Tuncer} }
APA GÖVDELİ, T . (2018). EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi, (), 379-390. DOI: 10.18092/ulikidince.451262
MLA GÖVDELİ, T . "EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2018): 379-390 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ulikidince/issue/37268/451262>
Chicago GÖVDELİ, T . "EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2018): 379-390
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ AU - Tuncer GÖVDELİ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.451262 DO - 10.18092/ulikidince.451262 T2 - Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 379 EP - 390 VL - IS - SN - 1307-9832-1307-9859 M3 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.451262 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.451262 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ %A Tuncer GÖVDELİ %T EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ %D 2018 %J Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi %P 1307-9832-1307-9859 %V %N %R doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.451262 %U 10.18092/ulikidince.451262
ISNAD GÖVDELİ, Tuncer . "EKONOMİK ÖZGÜRLÜK, TURİZM VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME: BRICST ÜLKELERİNDE KÓNYA BOOTSTRAP NEDENSELLİK ANALİZİ". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi / (Eylül 2018): 379-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.451262