Yıl 2017, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 429 - 449 2017-12-31

Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler

metin yazıcı [1]

58 92

Akuakültür dünyada besin üretiminde en hızlı büyüyen ve gelecek vaat eden sektörlerden biridir. Bununla birlikte infeksiyöz hastalıklar akakültürde en temel problem olarak ortaya çıkmakta ve çok önemli ekonomik kayıplara yol açmaktadır. Akuatik hastalıklarla mücadelede en etkili yol, diğer hayvan yetiştiriciliklerinde olduğu gibi antibiyotik kullanmak olmuştur. Bununla birlikte antibiyotik direnci gelişmesi ve yayılması gibi ciddi negatif etkilerinden dolayı son yıllardaki antibiyotiklerin akuakültürde kullanılmalarına sıkı düzenlemeler gelmiştir. Bunun sonucunda antibiyotikler artık bazı durumlarda bakteriyel hastalıkların tedavisinde etkili değildir. Bu durum hastalıklarla mücadelede prebiyotikler gibi antibiyotiklere alternatif stratejiler geliştirilmesine ilgiyi arttırmıştır. Prebiyotikler konakçıdaki faydalı bakterileri arttıran sindirilemeyen liflerdir. Çeşitli karasal hayvanlarda sağlık ve performans alanındaki potansiyel faydaları gösterilmesine rağmen, prebiyotiklerin yetiştiriciliği yapılan balıklarda kullanımı daha az araştırılmıştır. Sindirim sistemindeki bakteriler konakçının sağlığını ve beslenmesini etkilemede önemli bir role sahiptir. Prebiyotikler spesifik olmayan immun cevapta farklı seviyelerde rol oynar. Bu yüzden, barsak bakterilerini çeşitli yollarla değiştirerek patojenlere karşı daha iyi direnç gösterme, konakçının büyümesi ve bağışıklığının arttırılması gibi faydalı etkilere ulaşmak için çeşitli balıklarda araştırma yapılmıştır. Bu derlemenin amacı mannan oligosakkarid (MOS), frukto olgosakkarid (FOS), Inulin, Ksilo oligosakkarid (XOS), galakto oligosakkarid (GOS) gibi bazı prebiyotiklerin yetiştiriciliği yapılan balıklarda immun sistem ve hastalık dirençlerine etkilerine yönelik genel bir bakış sağlamaktır.


prebiyotik. balık, immun sistem, MOS, , akuakültür, hastalık direnci, FOS, GOS
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Konular Yaşam Bilimleri
Dergi Bölümü Derleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: metin yazıcı
E-posta: metin.yazici@iste.edu.tr
Kurum: İskenderun Teknik Üniversitesi/ Deniz Bilimleri Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { yunusae327798, journal = {Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni)}, issn = {2618-6381}, address = {Su Ürünleri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü}, year = {2017}, volume = {17}, pages = {429 - 449}, doi = {10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798}, title = {Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler}, key = {cite}, author = {yazıcı, metin} }
APA yazıcı, m . (2017). Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler. Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni), 17 (4), 429-449. DOI: 10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798
MLA yazıcı, m . "Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler". Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni) 17 (2017): 429-449 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/yunusae/issue/31121/327798>
Chicago yazıcı, m . "Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler". Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni) 17 (2017): 429-449
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler AU - metin yazıcı Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798 DO - 10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798 T2 - Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 429 EP - 449 VL - 17 IS - 4 SN - 2618-6381- M3 - doi: 10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni) Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler %A metin yazıcı %T Bazı Prebiyotiklerin Yetiştiriciliği Yapılan Balıklarda Bağışıklık ve Hastalık Direnci Üzerine Etkiler %D 2017 %J Aquaculture Studies (Eski Yunus Araştırma Bülteni) %P 2618-6381- %V 17 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798 %U 10.17693/yunusae.v17i31121.327798