Year 2017, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 276 - 284 2017-06-30

The Importance of Maternal and/or In ovo Antioxidant Feeding for Gene Expression and Performance in Poultry
Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi

Mehmet Reşit KARAGEÇİLİ [1] , Filiz KARADAŞ [2]

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At the present time, the nutrient requirements were increased with increasing of embryo metabolic rate according as the intensive selection applied to commercial poultry. Failure to meet this changing nutrient requirement causes adverse effects on parameters such as embriyonic development, hatching power, hatching quality and post-hatching performance. Poultry eggs contain large amounts of maternally-derived antioxidants that protect the embryo from oxidative damage caused by intense embryonic metabolism. There are few experimentally (in ovo and maternally feeding) studies have tested the effects of experimental change in yolk concentration of a major antioxidant on other antioxidant content of egg yolk, embryo and post hatch chick survive, whether, oxidative stress were affected from manipulation of antioxidants or not, to compare effects of this on postnatal chick development. At the same time, it has been reported that to increase breeder’s productivity and postnatal survival rate, breeders can transfer antioxidants from feed to egg as a part of complex epigenetic mechanism. Maternal and in ovo antioxidant feeding increase antioxidant level in the embryo tissues to be used by embryo in the critical period therefore it positively effects embryo viability, increases hatching weight and improves post-hatching feed consumption and yield. This positive effect was related to increase of the number of expressing genes with epigenetic effects, due to previous studies were determined that this effect was continuing for a few generations. In this review, articles on gene expression relationship with increased antioxidant concentration of embryo via maternal feeding or in ovo feeding have been reviwed.

Günümüzde ticari kanatlı hayvanlara uygulanan yoğun seleksiyona bağlı olarak embriyoların metabolik hızının artmasıyla birlikte besin madde gereksinimleri de artmıştır. Bu değişen besin madde ihtiyacının karşılanmaması embriyonik gelişim, çıkış gücü, çıkış kalitesi ve çıkış sonrası performans gibi parametreler üzerinde olumsuz etkiye neden olmaktadır. Yumurta, embriyonal gelişim sırasında yoğun embriyonik metabolizmanın sebep olduğu oksidatif hasardan embriyoyu korumak amacıyla, maternal kökenli antioksidanları bol miktarda içermektedir. Damızlıkların (maternal) antioksidan ilaveli yemlerle beslenmesi veya damızlıklardan elde edilen yumurtaların kuluçka esnasında yumurta içi (in ovo) antioksidan beslenmesi ile deneysel olarak yumurtanın temel antioksidan içeriğinin değiştirilmesinin, embriyo ve civcivlerin antioksidan bileşenleri üzerine etkisinin olduğu, oksidatif stresin zararlı etkisinin azaldığı ve sonuçta çıkış sonrası civciv gelişiminin olumlu yönde etkilendiği yapılan çalışmalarla bildirilmiştir. Ayrıca maternal verimi artırmak ve çıkış sonrası civcivlerin yaşama gücünü iyileştirmek amacıyla anaçlar karmaşık epigenetik maternal etkinin bir parçası olarak antioksidanları yemden yumurtaya transfer ettikleri ileri sürülmektedir. Maternal ve in ovo antioksidan besleme ile embriyonun kritik dönemde ihtiyaç duyduğu antioksidan miktarının artırılması, embriyo dokularındaki antioksidan miktarını yükseltmekte, dolayısıyla embriyonun yaşama gücünü olumlu yönde etkilemekte, civciv çıkış ağırlığında artış gözlenmekte, çıkış sonrası yem kullanımını ve verimi iyileştirmekte olduğu ileri sürülmektedir. Bu olumlu etkinin, embriyonun epigenetik etki ile eksprese olan gen sayısındaki artış ile ilişkili olduğu, bu nedenle de bu etkinin birden fazla kuşağı etkileyebileceğini ileri süren çalışmalar mevcuttur. Bu derlemede, kanatlı damızlık yemi ya da döllü yumurtalara in ovo besleme yolu ile antioksidan konsantrasyonu artırılmış embriyoların gen ekspresyon ilişkilerini inceleyen çalışmalar derlenmiştir.

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Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Mehmet Reşit KARAGEÇİLİ
Institution: Kocaeli Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Plastik Rekonstrüktif Ve Estetik Cerrahi A. D
Country: Turkey


Author: Filiz KARADAŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: YAKIN DOĞU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @review { yyutbd272732, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {Yuzuncu Yil University}, year = {2017}, volume = {27}, pages = {276 - 284}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.272732}, title = {Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi}, key = {cite}, author = {KARAGEÇİLİ, Mehmet Reşit and KARADAŞ, Filiz} }
APA KARAGEÇİLİ, M , KARADAŞ, F . (2017). Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 27 (2), 276-284. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.272732
MLA KARAGEÇİLİ, M , KARADAŞ, F . "Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 (2017): 276-284 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/yyutbd/issue/30352/272732>
Chicago KARAGEÇİLİ, M , KARADAŞ, F . "Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 (2017): 276-284
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi AU - Mehmet Reşit KARAGEÇİLİ , Filiz KARADAŞ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.272732 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.272732 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 276 EP - 284 VL - 27 IS - 2 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.272732 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.272732 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi %A Mehmet Reşit KARAGEÇİLİ , Filiz KARADAŞ %T Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi %D 2017 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 27 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.272732 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.272732
ISNAD KARAGEÇİLİ, Mehmet Reşit , KARADAŞ, Filiz . "Anaçların (Maternal) ve/veya Yumurta İçi (İn ovo) Antioksidan Beslemenin Kanatlılarda Gen Ekspresyonu ve Performans için Önemi". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 / 2 (June 2017): 276-284. https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.272732