Yıl 2017, Cilt 27, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 657 - 664 2017-12-26

The Role of Silicon in Abiotic and Biotic Stress Conditions
Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü

Ayhan HORUZ [1] , Güney AKINOĞLU [2] , Ahmet AKORKMAZ [3]

97 127

In this study, the role of silicon (Si) in the mechanisms developed by plants in response to adverse environmental factors (abiotic and biotic) was investigated. Silicon is taken up in the form of the anion Si(OH)4 with active or passive absorption by plants. Si accumulating in roots, leaves or husk under abiotic stress conditions prevents water stress  by reducing transpiration by means of polymerizing in the form of silicic acid. Generating Al, Fe, Mn, Cd, Pb etc complexes in the soil solution with silicon reduces the potential heavy metal toxicity. The silicon increases the strength and rigidity of the plant stem increasing the thickness of the cell wall. It also suppresses reactive oxygen species (H2O2,1O2 and O3) which cause peroxidation of lipids in the cell by increasing the superoxide dismutase activity (SDA) of the leaves inducing ethylene (C2H4). It stimulates or accelerates the activation of sitinase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase under biotic stress conditions. Especially in the case of phytopathological diseases or entomological damages, silicon can reduce these damages forming low molecular weight compounds having flavonoids and antifungal properties in dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants.

Bu çalışmada bitkilerin olumsuz çevresel faktörler karşısında (abiyotik ve biyotik) geliştirdiği mekanizmalarda silisyumun rolü incelenmiştir. Silisyum bitkiler tarafından aktif veya pasif absorbsiyonla Si(OH)4 anyonu şeklinde alınmaktadır. Abiyotik stres şartlarında kök, yaprak veya kavuzda biriken Si silis asidi şeklinde polimerize olmak suretiyle transpirasyonu azaltarak su stresini önlemektedir. Toprak çözeltisinde Si ile Al, Fe, Mn, Cd, Pb vs kompleksleri oluşturarak olası ağır metal toksitesini azaltır. Hücre duvarının kalınlığını artırmak suretiyle gövdenin dayanıklılığını artırır. Ayrıca etileni (C2H4) uyarmak suretiyle yaprakların süperoksit dismutaz aktivitesini (SDA) artırarak hücrede lipidlerin peroksidasyonuna sebep olan reaktif oksijen türlerini (H2O2,1O2 ve O3) baskılamaktadır. Biyotik streslerde sitinas, peroksidaz, polipenoksidas aktivasyonunu uyarmakta veya hızlandırmaktadır. Özellikle fitopatolojik hastalıklarda veya entomolojik zararlanma durumlarında Si dikotiledon ve monokotiledon bitkilerde flavonoidler ve anti fungal özelliklere sahip olan düşük molekül ağırlıklı bileşikler oluşturarak bu zararları azaltabilmektedir. 

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Konular Yaşam Bilimleri, Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ayhan HORUZ
E-posta: ayhanh@omu.edu.tr
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Güney AKINOĞLU
E-posta: guney_akinoglu@ymail.com
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Ahmet AKORKMAZ
E-posta: akorkmaz@omu.edu.tr
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { yyutbd309632, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, address = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {27}, pages = {657 - 664}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.309632}, title = {Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü}, key = {cite}, author = {AKINOĞLU, Güney and HORUZ, Ayhan and AKORKMAZ, Ahmet} }
APA HORUZ, A , AKINOĞLU, G , AKORKMAZ, A . (2017). Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 27 (4), 657-664. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.309632
MLA HORUZ, A , AKINOĞLU, G , AKORKMAZ, A . "Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 (2017): 657-664 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/yyutbd/issue/33357/309632>
Chicago HORUZ, A , AKINOĞLU, G , AKORKMAZ, A . "Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 27 (2017): 657-664
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü AU - Ayhan HORUZ , Güney AKINOĞLU , Ahmet AKORKMAZ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.309632 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.309632 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 657 EP - 664 VL - 27 IS - 4 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.309632 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.309632 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü %A Ayhan HORUZ , Güney AKINOĞLU , Ahmet AKORKMAZ %T Abiyotik ve Biyotik Stres Şartlarında Silisyumun Rolü %D 2017 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 27 %N 4 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.309632 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.309632