Yıl 2018, Cilt 28, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 27 - 35 2018-03-30

Glifosatın Mısır (Zea mays L.)’da Bazı Koruyucu Sistemlere Etkisi
Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L.

Gülçin BEKER AKBULUT [1] , Emel YİĞİT [2] , Dilek BAYRAM [3]

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Glifosat bitki gelişimine etki eden seçici olmayan çimlenme sonrası ugulanan bir herbisittir. Bu çalışmada, glifosat Zea mays L.’a çimlenme sonrası 0.017-0.145 M konsantrasyon aralığında iklim odasında uygulanmıştır. Bu herbisitin bazı antioksidan enzimler, lipid peroksidasyonu, total klorofil ve toplam karbohidrat içeriği üzerindeki etkileri uygulamayı takiben 1., 5. ve 10. günlerde araştırılmıştır. Peroksidaz (POD), askorbat peroksidaz (APX), süperoksit dismutaz (SOD), katalaz (CAT) ve glutatyon-S-transferaz aktiviteleri glifosat uygulanan gruplarda 1. 5. ve 10. günlerde artış gösterirken, redükte glutatyon (GSH) ve glutatyon redüktaz (GR) aktivitesi 10. günde azalış göstermiştir. Lipid peroksidasyonunu gösteren malondialdehid (MDA) içeriği 1., 5. ve 10. günlerde artış göstermiştir. Total klorofil içeriği ve total karbohidrat içeriği zamana bağlı olarak değişim göstermiştir. Mısır’da antioksidan aktivite, MDA, toplam klorofil ve karbohidrat içeriğinde artış ve azalışın olması glifosattan dolayı bir sitotoksisite semptomu olarak saptanmıştır. 

Glyphosate is an herbicide that is applied after non-selective germination and affects plant growth. In this study, glyphosate was applied to Zea mays L. after germination, at a concentration range from 0.017 to 0.145 M in a growth chamber. The effects of this herbicide on some antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation, total chlorophyll and total carbohydrate content were investigated on days 1, 5 and 10 following the application. Results showed that peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were increased in the groups treated with glyphosate on days 5 and 10, but the activities of reduced glutathione (GSH) and glutathione reductase (GR) were decreased on day 10. Malondialdehyde (MDA) content indicating lipid peroxidation was increased on days 1, 5 and 10. Changes in total chlorophyll and total carbohydrate contents were found to be time-dependent. These increases and decreases in the antioxidant activities, MDA content, total chlorophyll and total carbohydrate content in Zea mays L. were determined as a symptom of cytotoxicity caused due to glyphosate. 

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Yaşam Bilimleri, Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Gülçin BEKER AKBULUT (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Munzur Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Emel YİĞİT
Kurum: İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Dilek BAYRAM
Kurum: inönü

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { yyutbd333332, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {28}, pages = {27 - 35}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.333332}, title = {Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L.}, key = {cite}, author = {BEKER AKBULUT, Gülçin and YİĞİT, Emel and BAYRAM, Dilek} }
APA BEKER AKBULUT, G , YİĞİT, E , BAYRAM, D . (2018). Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L.. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 28 (1), 27-35. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.333332
MLA BEKER AKBULUT, G , YİĞİT, E , BAYRAM, D . "Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L.". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 28 (2018): 27-35 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/yyutbd/issue/36698/333332>
Chicago BEKER AKBULUT, G , YİĞİT, E , BAYRAM, D . "Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L.". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 28 (2018): 27-35
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L. AU - Gülçin BEKER AKBULUT , Emel YİĞİT , Dilek BAYRAM Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.333332 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.333332 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 27 EP - 35 VL - 28 IS - 1 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.333332 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.333332 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L. %A Gülçin BEKER AKBULUT , Emel YİĞİT , Dilek BAYRAM %T Effect of Glyphosate on Some Protective Systems in Zea mays L. %D 2018 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 28 %N 1 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.333332 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.333332