Yıl 2018, Cilt 28, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 241 - 253 2018-06-29

Effects of Cold Damage on Grapevine
Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri

Özkan KAYA [1] , Cafer KÖSE [2]

58 90

From the date of its cultivation to the present day, grape preserves its importance in all societies as well as being one of the temperate climate fruit species found in a wide range of cultivated places in the world. Because of the large area cultivation and their natural structure these are exposed more environmental stresses. Especially low temperatures below freezing point affects the development and yield of the distribution of grapes on the earth. Low temperatures that can occur in autumn, spring and winter may form irreversible damage in grape root, trunk, arm, and buds organs in many areas where cultivation is done. Such a situation can result in reduced yield and substantial economic losses to grape growers, subsequently impacting fruit wholesalers, distributors, vineries and related industries. To prevent or tolerate low temperature damage must be well known of the inherent freezing tolerance of a grape cultivar at all stages of development and the interaction of environment with the acclimation, hardening and deacclimation characteristics of the grapevine in such areas. The determination of the freezing mechanism in these phases, which are found in the tissues and organs of grapevine, is made possible by the use of appropriate measurement techniques. In this study, information about the low temperature damage occurring in tissues and organs of some grape species and cultivars when exposed to temperatures less than zero and the frost tolerance levels were determined by using appropriate measurement techniques were compiled.

Kültüre alındığı tarihten günümüze kadar tüm toplumlarda önemini koruyan asma, dünya üzerinde yetiştiricilik bakımından çok geniş alanlarda kendine yer bulmuş ılıman iklim meyve türleri arasında yer almaktadır. Ancak yetiştiriciliğinin bu kadar geniş alanlarda yapılması, çevresel streslere daha fazla maruz kalmasını beraberinde getirmektedir. Özellikle donma noktasının altındaki düşük sıcaklıklar asmanın yeryüzündeki dağılımını, gelişimini ve verimini etkileyen en önemli çevresel stres faktörlerinin başında gelmektedir. Sonbahar, ilkbahar ve kış aylarında meydana gelebilen düşük sıcaklıklar, yetiştiriciliğin yapıldığı birçok alanda asmanın kök, gövde, kol, dal ve göz gibi organlarında telafisi olmayan hasarlar oluşturabilmektedir. Böylesi bir durum asma yetiştiricilerini, üzüm üretimine dayalı işleme ve sanayi kuruluşlarını önemli derecede kayıplara uğratmaktadır. Bu gibi alanlarda dondurucu soğukları önlemek ya da tolere etmek için, asmanın aklimasyon, dayanıklılık ve deaklimasyon evrelerindeki donma mekanizmasının iyi bilinmesi gerekmektedir. Asmanın doku ve organlarının içinde bulunduğu bu evrelerdeki donma mekanizmasının belirlenmesi ise uygun ölçüm tekniklerinin kullanılması ile mümkün olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, sıfırın altındaki sıcaklıklara maruz kalan bazı asma tür ve çeşitlerinin doku ve organlarında meydana gelen düşük sıcaklık hasarı ve uygun ölçüm teknikleri kullanılarak belirlenmiş olan don tolerans seviyeleri hakkında bilgiler derlenmiştir.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik
Yayımlanma Tarihi Haziran 2018
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Özkan KAYA
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Cafer KÖSE

Bibtex @derleme { yyutbd405252, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {28}, pages = {241 - 253}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.405252}, title = {Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {KAYA, Özkan and KÖSE, Cafer} }
APA KAYA, Ö , KÖSE, C . (2018). Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 28 (2), 241-253. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.405252
MLA KAYA, Ö , KÖSE, C . "Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 28 (2018): 241-253 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/yyutbd/issue/38909/405252>
Chicago KAYA, Ö , KÖSE, C . "Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 28 (2018): 241-253
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri AU - Özkan KAYA , Cafer KÖSE Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.405252 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.405252 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 253 VL - 28 IS - 2 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.405252 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.405252 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri %A Özkan KAYA , Cafer KÖSE %T Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri %D 2018 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 28 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.405252 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.405252
ISNAD KAYA, Özkan , KÖSE, Cafer . "Düşük Sıcaklık Zararının Asma Üzerindeki Etkileri". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 28 / 2 (Haziran 2018): 241-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.405252